“Wildlife Conservation” word reminds us of saving the resources which have been provided to us as nature’s gift. Wildlife represents the animals that are not domesticated or tamed. They are just wild animals and living in total wilderness. The conservation of such animals and plant species so that they may be out of the danger of extinction is termed wildlife conservation. Find here some essays on this topic to get clear about.
Short and Long Essays on Wildlife Conservation
Essay 1 (250 Words) - The Need for Wildlife Conservation
The protection of the species of wildlife from extinction or vanishing by applying suitable methods is termed as wildlife conservation. The wild animals and plants play an important role in the ecosystem they reside.
The Need for Wildlife Conservation
This is the outcome of the way in which man is changing the lifestyle and advancements in way of living. The enormous cutting of trees and forests is leading to the destruction of the habitats of wildlife. The thoughtless deeds of human beings are responsible for the mass extinction of the wildlife species. The act of hunting and poaching is also a punishable offense, no wildlife species must be killed for the enjoyment purpose.
The wild animals and plants are playing an important role in maintaining ecological balance. Their importance could not be denied. There are several factors that are a threat to wildlife creatures. The increasing pollution, temperature and climatic changes, overexploitation of resources, irregular hunting and poaching, loss of habitat, etc are major causes for the deterioration of wildlife. There are many of the government acts and policies formulated and amended in the direction for the conservation of wildlife.
It is the sole and social responsibility of human beings, on an individual basis, one should try to conserve our renewable resources. They are precious and must be used up in a wise manner. The wildlife creatures and plants add beauty to our nature. Their uniqueness, beautiful voice of some birds and animals makes the surrounding and the habitat pleasing and wonderful.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - What Causes of Wildlife Depletion
The act of protecting the species of wild plants and animals from becoming extinct is termed as wildlife conservation. The same is achieved through the execution of different plans and policies by the human being. The wildlife is an important factor of our ecosystem, without their existence, the ecological balance will turn to an imbalanced state. As each and every creature has its right to exist and therefore they must be provided with a proper habitat and conditions.
But the conditions prevailing are totally different. Man has become so much selfish in his desires that he forgot that other organisms have the same right. The different illegal practices, advancements, needs have led to the creation of a situation which is an alarming one.
Causes of Wildlife Depletion
There are several factors leading to the destruction of wildlife:
- Habitat Loss - The unwanted clearing of forests and agricultural land to make several building projects, roads, dams is leading to major habit loss of different wildlife animals and plants. These activities deprive animals of their home. As a result either they have to move to some other habitat or becomes extinct.
- Overexploitation of Resources - The resources are meant to use up in a wise manner but if used in an unnatural way leads to overexploitation of the same. The overuse will foster the extinction of the species.
- Hunting and Poaching - The act of hunting and poaching is really a miserable one as it involves the trapping and killing up of animals for the enjoyment of obtaining some product. Some of the animal’s products are valuable ones, for example, ivory, skin, horn, etc. They are obtained by making the animals captive or hunting and further killing them after obtaining the product. This is leading to increasing mass extinctions, an example is musk dear.
- Using Animals for Research Purpose - There are many of the animals, chosen for testing results in the laboratory of research institutes. Taking them in such a large number of results in the mass extinction of the species.
- Pollution - The unwanted changes in the state of the environment leads to a result in a polluted one. And so is the air, water, soil pollution. But the alteration in the quality of the air, water, the soil is directly responsible for the reduction in the number of animal and plant species.
- The marine biodiversity is greatly affected by the contaminated water; the chemicals present in the water ruptures the functional activities of marine biota. The coral reef is greatly affected by the temperature changes and contamination.
There should be a positive approach to the conservation of wildlife. There are many policies and plans and initiatives by the government already working for protection purposes. The wild animals and plants which are easy to protect or conserve within their own habitat should be protected following the in-situ conservation measures. The animals and plants which are unable to remain safe in their own habitat or are facing the extinction terrors should be conserved within laboratories or some reserves following ex-situ measures.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - Wildlife Conservation: Factors, Types, Importance and Projects
Wildlife conservation is the phenomenon of protection and management of wildlife facing the danger of extinction. Wildlife is an important feature of our ecology. They are the animals or plants which are the supporting systems of our ecosystem. They are living in wilderness in some forests or jungles. They are helping in maintaining our ecological balance. The inhuman practices are leading wildlife creatures to become endangered or extinct. India is rich in biodiversity, but there are many factors leading to the loss of the same.
Factors Leading to Wildlife Destruction
- Overexploitation of resources
- Habitat loss
- Habitat fragmentation
- Hunting and poaching
- Climatic changes
Types of Wildlife Conservation
- In-situ Conservation - In this type of conservation, species of plants and animals, and their genetic material are protected or conserved within their habitat. The areas are termed as protected areas. They are national parks, sanctuaries, biosphere reserves.
- Ex-situ Conservation - This conservation technique involves conservation or protection of the species of plants and animals and also the genetic material outside their habitat. This is done in form of gene banks, cryopreservation, tissue culture, captive breeding, and botanical gardens.
Importance of Wildlife Conservation
- Ecological balance
- Aesthetic and recreational value
- Promotes to maintain biodiversity
Wildlife Conservation Efforts in India
- Project Tiger: This project was launched by the Government of India in 1973, with an initiative for protection and management of the reducing population of the tiger. The Bengal tigers were reducing drastically in their numbers and their habitats too as a result of increasing human activities and advancements. Therefore in order to protect their habitat and their numbers, project initiative was taken. The project was administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
The main objective of the project was to maintain the habitat of the tigers from destruction. Secondly, ensuring a rise in the number of tigers.
The project had a positive approach in saving our Royal Bengal Tigers, as their number increased from 1000-5000 approx. At an initial level, there were 9 protected areas which came up to become 50 till 2015. This was really a successful attempt towards the conservation of the Tiger our national animal.
- Project Elephant: The increased developmental activities like construction of roads, railways, resorts, buildings are leading to the clearing up many forests and grazing spaces which results in the destruction of the habitat of different wild animals. The same was observed with elephants too. Project elephant was launched by the Indian government in 1992 to conserve the number of elephants, maintenance of their habitat, reduce human-animal conflicts, as well as reduce hunting and poaching.
This project was launched at the central level, but the initiative was taken up by the states, funds were also provided to different states according to the requirements. 16 states were mainly implementing the act.
- Crocodile Conservation Project: This project was launched in 1975, at different state levels. The objective of the project was to prevent the habitat destruction of the crocodiles and thus helping to increase their numbers. The hunting and killing of the crocodiles should be monitored. As a result of this initiative, the numbers have been increased from 100 to 1000 till 2012.
- UNDP Sea Turtle Conservation Project: This project launched by UNDP, aims at properly managing and conserving the reducing numbers of the turtle population.
The results of population explosion and urbanization have to lead to an increase in the activities of cutting down forests and turning them into buildings, hotels, or places of human settlements. This results in a reduction of the habitat of different forest-dwelling species. They have to leave those places and search for new habitat which is not very easy. The search for new habitat, a lot of competition for food, carries many of the species towards the verge of extinction.
Wildlife animals and plants are important aspects of nature. A loss at any level may lead to unnatural consequences. They are responsible for the ecological balance and for the sustenance of mankind, the balance must be maintained. Therefore along with the conservation efforts by the government, it’s our social responsibility, to individually put our efforts in conservation of the wildlife.
Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The conservation of plants and animals in their natural habitat is called in-situ conservation.
Ans. Red Data Book is that contains the data of the threatened species.
Ans. The maximum number of national parks is there in the Madhya Pradesh state of India.
Ans. Wildlife Protection Act was passed on 9th September 1972.
Ans. There were only 5 national parks in India before 1972.
Ans. Kailash Sankhala is regarded as the Tiger man of India.