National Unity Day is observed on 31st October every year in the memory of the First Deputy Prime Minister of India and the Home Minister – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He was also known as the ‘patron saint of India’s Civil Services’ and the ‘Iron man of India’.
Short and Long Essay on National Unity Day in English
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10 Lines Essay on National Unity Day (100 - 120 Words)
1) To commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, 31 October is marked as National Unity Day.
2) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel served India as the First Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister.
3) In 2014, India decided to celebrate the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel as National Unity Day.
4) Many memorable events were held at different Indian embassies on this occasion.
5) A 182-meter-long statue of Sardar Patel was inaugurated on 31 October 2018.
6) With due respect to Sardar Patel, people celebrate this day with great excitement.
7) Schools celebrate this day by organizing different events and activities.
8) Many famous personalities offer flowers to the statue of Sardar Vallabhai Patel.
9) This day promotes unity and harmony among people.
10) This day aims to provide a tribute to the “Iron Man of India”.
Essay 1 (250 Words) - The Man behind National Unity Day
National Unity Day is observed every year on 31st October to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was the first Deputy Prime Minister and also the Home Minister of India.
Sardar Patel – The Man behind United India
When India gained independence, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel became the Deputy Prime Minister of India, also holding the portfolio of the Union Home Minister.
When the British left India, there were around 565 princely states that gained independence and at that time were not in the Indian Union. Sardar Patel did a commendable job of uniting these kingdoms with the Union of India, using either his convincing abilities or military prowess. He was very clear in his objective that the map of India must be united throughout its length and breadth.
National Unity Day is celebrated throughout the country with great zeal and respect for Sardar Patel. In schools, special events are held where the children are told about the life and works of Sardar Patel and his contribution to post-independence India.
Many senior politicians also felicitate Sardar Patel and pay their respect to him by offering flowers to his statues and portraits. Similar commemoratory events are held in offices around the country and also in educational institutions.
National Unity Day is a day to remember the man behind the politically united map of India and to commemorate his birthday. Sardar Patel was incomparable in his contribution to the unity of India and the day is the least we can do to honor him.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - Why is National Unity Day Observed?
National Unity Day in India is observed every year on 31st October. The day seeks to promote nationalism and a feeling of unity among Indian citizens. The day was first celebrated in 2014 and is observed on the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
Why is National Unity Day Observed?
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, born on 31st October 1875, was a freedom fighter who became the first Deputy Prime Minister and the Home Minister of India, after independence. Working in his capacity as the Home Minister of India, he was instrumental in agreeing 565 princely states to concede to the union of India. He wasn’t willing to compromise India’s political unity and rubbished the idea of independent states within the union. Due to the steely will, he was also called “the iron man of India”.
When Narendra Modi was serving as the Chief Minister of Gujarat, he flagged off a project to construct a 182-meter statue of Sardar Patel. Subsequently, when he became the Prime Minister, the Home Ministry issued orders for celebrating National Unity day in 2014. The day should be observed on the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel on 31st October.
National Unity Day is observed throughout the nation with exceptional zeal and enthusiasm. Everywhere people pay tribute to the ‘Iron man of India’ and remembers his contribution to a politically integrated India.
The day also holds special significance for the Indian Administrative Services as Sardar Patel was the man who introduced the “modern all India services system”, formerly known as Indian Civil Services.
Officers of the Indian Administrative Services, gather in state Secretariats and other relevant locations, to pay their respect to the man remembered as the ‘patron saint of India’s civil servants’.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of India. He was the brain behind the political integration of India. Celebrating his birthday as the World Unity Day serves two significant purposes – firstly it is a befitting tribute to Sardar Patel the Iron man of India and secondly, it reminds us of our integration and unity. It makes our resolve for a unified India stronger.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s birthday is an occasion to remember his efforts for a united India and to honor his will and vision. He not only was a great freedom fighter but also a great administrator who oversaw the division of India-Pakistan and also the political integration of India.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - National Unity Day: A Tribute to Sardar Patel
National Unity Day or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is celebrated every 31st October, on the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He was an Indian statesman, politician, and freedom fighter who played a crucial role in the political integration of India.
A Tribute to Sardar Patel
Sardar Patel was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India who was instrumental in integrating small kingdoms into the Union of India. Before independence, he was a known social activist and freedom fighter associated with the Indian National Congress. He spearheaded the Satyagraha in Gujarat and also was active in the non-cooperation movement and Quit-India Movement.
Though, Sardar Patel was a renowned freedom fighter, his role as an administrator, during and after the independence of India is more significant. When the British left India, there were nearly 565 independent princely states those got free. Sardar Patel, who also held the portfolio of Home Minister at that time, persuaded these states to accede to the Union of India.
He tried every trick – convinced some or threatened with military action when required. He wasn’t willing to compromise and let go of his vision and dream of a single united India throughout its length and breadth. It was this steely resolve of Sardar Patel on a united India that had earned him the sobriquet – “Iron Man of India”.
His passion for a political and culturally integrated India is commemorated as the National Unity Day on his birth anniversary.
First National Unity Day
The decision to observe 31st October, the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel, every year as the National Unity day was taken through an official notification by the Home Ministry in 2014.
Ministry’s official statement stated that “The observance of national unity day will provide an opportunity to reaffirm the inherent strength and resilience of our nation to withstand the actual and potential threats to the unity, integrity, and security of our country.”
Events were organized at several places on the 139th birth anniversary of Sardar Patel in 2014. Run for Unity was organized in cities like Delhi, Nagpur, and Mumbai. Several politicians and sports persons took part in the events. Prime Minister of India, Mr. Narendra Modi along with vice President, Venkaiah Naidu, paid tribute to Sardar Patel at Patel Chowk in New Delhi.
Commemoratory events were also held at Indian embassies located throughout the globe. People felicitated Sardar Patel and remembered his contribution to the integration of India.
Events and Activities
Several events are organized in educational institutions, schools, government offices, and other places on National Unity Day. Both the central and state governments issue guidelines to the concerned organizations in this regard.
Special commemoratory events are held in schools, in which the children offer their respect to Sardar Patel and speak on his will and resolve for a politically integrated India.
A 182-meters long statue of Sardar Patel was inaugurated in Gujarat by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi on 31st October 2018. It is located 150 km from Surat and faces Sardar Sarovar Dam. Thousands from various parts of India visit the statue and the museum on National Unity Day, to pay their respect to Sardar Patel.
A befitting tribute is also paid to Sardar Patel in the Parliament, by the members of the ruling party as well as that of opposition.
Sardar Patel was the unifier of India who singlehandedly was responsible for its political integration. If he didn’t have an uncompromising attitude for a united India, we wouldn’t be united as we are today. National Unity Day is a befitting tribute to the Iron man of India and his resolve.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on National Unity day
Ans. Every year we do celebrate the birthday of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on 31st October as National Unity Day.
Ans. The National Unity Day was first time celebrated in 2014.
Ans. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was popularly called as 'Iron man of India'.
Ans. The motive of celebrating National Unity Day is to memorize the contribution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in unifying the people of India.
Ans. It is a 182-meter high statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel built in Gujarat to pay tribute to this great Indian leader.