Essay on Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti is observed on the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on 2nd October 1869. He was a freedom fighter who has earned himself a sobriquet – ‘Father of the nation’. People fondly called him ‘Bapu’ and till date carry his thoughts and beliefs in their hearts.

Short and Long Essay on Gandhi Jayanti in English

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti for students of class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and class 12 in English in 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 500 words. Also find short Gandhi Jayanti essay 10 lines.

Gandhi Jayanti Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Gandhi Jayanti is the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi celebrated on 2nd October.

2) India observes a public holiday on this occasion.

3) Schools and colleges conduct many competitions on this day.

4) His weapon of truth and non-violence set a good inspiration for the nation.

5) This day is listed among the national festival of the country.

6) He fought for the independence of the country.

7) People pay tribute to Gandhi Ji on this occasion.

8) On this day, the contribution of Gandhi Ji is commemorated all over the nation.

9) Gandhi Jayanti is also observed as the International Day of nonviolence.

10) On this day, ‘Raghupati Raghav Rajaram’ echoes in the street of India.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti (250 Words)


Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in India on the birth anniversary of the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, on 2nd October every year. It is observed as a public holiday and colleges, schools and offices remain closed.

How is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated?

Gandhi Jayanti is observed with a great deal of respect for the father of the nation and his experiment with truth and non-violence. Events like essay writing, speech competitions, and others are held at several places throughout the country.

Gandhi Jayanti is also celebrated in South Africa, where Gandhi Ji fought for 21 years advocating for the rights of Indians and native blacks. Special commemoratory events are held at Indian Embassies in other parts of the world.

The United Nations General Assembly in 2007 designated the birth date of Mahatma Gandhi, 2nd October as the International Day of Peace and Non-violence which is observed all throughout the globe.

Gandhi Jayanti Significance

All throughout his public life, Mahatma Gandhi had practiced strict discipline in daily activities and conducts. He had tremendous faith in his own policies, something that also reflected in the masses. He was a legend who gave the world a new weapon to fight oppression and injustice – “Non-cooperation”. His combined policies of truth, non-violence, and non-cooperation were an instant hit among the masses. Celebrating his birthday and remembering his values help us grow more evolved as a society and a nation as well.


Gandhi Jayanti is a national festival when the nation remembers its greatest warrior who fought for the rights of millions and also to free the nation from the oppressive regime of the British.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti (400 Words)


Gandhi Jayanti is observed on 2nd October as a national holiday in India. It was on this date, in 1869 that one of the greatest freedom fighters of India, Mahatma Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat. India celebrates the Jayanti of Mahatma Gandhi with almost religious dedication.

Gandhi Jayanti Observation and Events

Gandhi Jayanti is a public holiday and observed as a national festival in India. Several commemoratory events are held all throughout the country in the honor of Mahatma Gandhi. His statues all throughout the country are cleaned and garlanded. People from all walks of life show pay their homage to the father of the nation.

The last rites of Gandhi Ji were performed at Raj Ghat in New Delhi. Special commemoratory events are held there on Gandhi Jayanti. Senior politicians start visiting the place from the early morning. They pay their respect to the father of the nation and resolve to walk on his principles of truth and non-violence. The most favorite bhajans of Gandhi Ji – “Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram”, is sung and people recite it with respect.

Gandhi Jayanti as International Day of Non-violence

Gandhi Ji was not only a national leader but his political acumen, policies, and courage had admirers across the borders. His policy of truth and non-violence was an experiment of his and a pretty successful one at that.

The moment of exceptional pride came for the people of India on 15th June 2007, when the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution to observe Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October as the ‘International Day of Non-violence’.

The idea was born at an international conference on ‘Peace, non-violence and empowerment’, the same year in New Delhi.

The United Nations seeks to observe the day for the promotion of peace and harmony at the global level. It also seeks to unite the world communities, including the government and non-government organizations in this regard. The policies of Gandhi Ji are well tested by time and are also well recognized globally.

The celebration of an international day based on Gandhi’s policies of truth and non-violence and his efforts to upkeep the harmony and brotherhood is only a befitting tribute to the world’s greatest leader.


Gandhi Ji had always said that an eye for an eye will make the whole world blind. This theory finds much relevance in today’s context and is an inspiration for us to keep. We must celebrate Gandhi Jayanti with complete faith and dedication to the principles of Gandhi.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti (500 – 600 Words)


Gandhi Jayanti is observed on 2nd October on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi alias Mahatma Gandhi, who is also fondly referred to as ‘Bapu’ in India. Bapu’s Jayanti is observed as a national holiday in India.

About Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi (2nd October 1869-30th January 1949) was a great freedom fighter of India who is revered till date for his contribution to the freedom struggle of India. He was like a father figure for millions of Indians who were ready to stand up on his one command.

Gandhi Ji became active in Indian politics in 1915 after returning from South Africa. He was in Africa for 21 years and made himself a big name worldwide by advocating and fighting for the rights of Indians there. By the time he entered the Indian freedom struggle, Gandhi was already famous in the political circles.

Soon, his simple living style and high thinking instantly connected him with the lower strata of Indian society – farmers, laborers, small traders, etc. People of all religions, cultures, and states, accepted him as their leader and as the one who feels and can also address their woes.

The three decades, during which Gandhi Ji was active in the freedom struggle, he had spearheaded many mass movements fighting for the rights of farmers and poor Indians against the oppressive policies of the British. Some of the famous movements were – Champaran Movement (1917), Kheda Movement (1918), Non-cooperation Movement (1920), Salt Satyagraha (1930), and Quit India Movement (1942) among others.

Gandhi Jayanti Celebrations

Gandhi Jayanti is observed as a national holiday and all the offices and institutions are usually closed for the day. People of India have great respect for Mahatma Gandhi and it is reflected in the zeal they celebrate his Jayanti. The events in schools, colleges, offices, or other places may differ, but they have one thing in common – honoring one of the greatest freedom fighters of India and remembering his philosophy of ‘Truth and Non-violence’.

  1. In Schools

Gandhi Jayanti celebration in schools across India has an element of grandness and splendor to it. Little children draped in dhoti and holding a stick, trying to look like Gandhi, speaks volume about the man and his popularity among Indian masses. Children enact several plays based on various movements that Gandhi had led fighting for the freedom of India.

  • In Offices

Though government offices are closed for normal working, it is mandatory for the employees to be present for the felicitation of Mahatma Gandhi. Discussions on the life and works of Gandhi are done in the presence of the employees. Employees affirm their faith in the honesty and non-violence as Gandhi had advocated throughout his life.

  • Other Places

Several commemoratory events are held throughout the country at relevant places. Almost every city in India has a crossing or street named after Mahatma Gandhi and also has a life-size bust of him placed at a crossing or in a park. People and local politicians gather in the morning and garland the statues, felicitating the father of the nation.

  • At Raj Ghat, New Delhi

Raj Ghat, in the national capital New Delhi is the place where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated. Several politicians across the party lines visit Raj Ghat on Gandhi Jayanti to pay their respect to Bapu. It is very common for the President, Prime Minister and other senior ministers to visit Raj Ghat on Gandhi Jayanti.


Mahatma Gandhi was a man of exceptional leadership quality and courage who led India to the path of freedom. Celebrating his Jayanti gives us an excuse to look back into the freedom struggle and value our freedom and equality.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Where did Gandhiji experiment with his first Satyagraha?

Ans. Gandhiji experiment his first Satyagraha in 1906 in South Africa.

Q.2 Who was the spiritual guru of Mahatma Gandhi?

Ans. Leo Tolstoy was the spiritual guru of Mahatma Gandhi.

Q.3 When do we observe the International Day of Nonviolence?

Ans. The International day of non-violence is observed on 2nd October on Gandhiji’s birthday.

Q.4 Which university invited Gandhiji on its foundation day?

Ans. Gandhiji was invited by Banaras Hindu University to speak at the laying of the foundation stone of the university.

Q.5 When did Gandhiji return from South Africa to India?

Ans. Gandhiji returned from South Africa to India on 9th January and the day is observed as Pravasi Bharat divas.

Q.6 When was the Mahatma Gandhi series of banknotes issued by RBI?

Ans. The Mahatma Gandhi series of banknotes were issued by RBI in 1996.

Related Information:

Essay on Independence day

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

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