Lal Bahadur Shastri was an Indian freedom fighter and politician who served the nation as the 2nd Prime Minister from 9th June 1964 to 11th January 1966. He is also well known for his role during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war and for coining the slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”.
Short and Long Essay on Lal Bahadur Shastri
Essay 1 (250 Words)
Lal Bahadur Shastri was a freedom fighter who later became the 2ndPrime Minister of India succeeding Jawaharlal Nehru. He had also held significant positions as the Home Minister, Minister of External Affairs, and the Minister of Railways.
Great Freedom Fighter
Lal Bahadur Shastri was a great freedom fighter who was influenced by the likes of Mahatma Gandhi, Annie Besant, and Swami Vivekananda, at a very early age. He jumped in the non-cooperation movement by dropping out of Harish Chandra College when he was just months away from writing High school examination.
He was first jailed for participating in the non-cooperation movement when he still was a minor. He worked as a member of the Servants of people society at Muzaffarpur in Bihar, in the supervision of Mahatma Gandhi, for the rights of Harijans. Shastriji was again imprisoned in 1940 for taking part in the Satyagraha movement.
When India gained independence in 1947, Lal Bahadur Shastri was appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary in his home state, Uttar Pradesh. He then became the Minister of Police and Transport when Govind Ballabh Pant was the Chief Minister. He was the first to appoint women conductors and did a commendable job in containing the 1947 communal riots as the police minister.
Further, he also became the Prime Minister of India after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was the most simple and honest politician that has ever ruled the nation. He was not only respected in the power corridors but also connected instantly with the masses due to his simple ways.
Essay 2 (400 Words)
Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of India, in office from 9th June 1964 to 11th January 1966, succeeding Jawaharlal Nehru. He also held important ministerial positions in the center and in the state of Uttar Pradesh as well.
Shastriji was of very humble background and belonged to a family of Kayastha who was in the service of Zamindar of Banaras. His father Sharada Prasad Srivastava was a Deputy Tahsildar at Allahabad when he died of bubonic plague in 1906, when Shastriji was only one and a half years old.
Shastriji moved to his maternal grandfather’s house in Mughalsarai with his pregnant mother and an elder sister. Subsequently, after the death of his grandfather Munshi Hazari Lal, the family was looked after by his brother and later by his son Bindeshwari Prasad.
Significant Achievements of Shastriji
Shastriji joined the non-cooperation movement after attending a meeting hosted by Mahatma Gandhi at Banaras. Shastriji was among the first batch of students to graduate from Kashi Vidyapeeth in Philosophy in 1921.
Shastriji is exceptionally known for his term as the 2nd Prime Minister of India, for promoting the White Revolution and also for bringing Green Revolution.
He created a National Dairy Development Board and supported a national campaign to increase the supply and production of milk by Amul Milk cooperative at Anand, Gujarat. The campaign was called Milk Revolution.
Green Revolution is a term used for bringing new scientific methods and machineries into the Indian agriculture industry in 1965, during the Prime Ministership of Lal Bahadur Shastri.
Green revolution boosted the agricultural productivity of India by multiple times and strengthened the condition of farmers.
He was serving as the Prime Minister of India during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war and gave the slogan “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” that is “hail the soldier, hail the farmer’, during the war, that became the war cry. Just a day before his death, Shastri Ji signed a peace accord known as “Tashkent Agreement” on 10th January 1966, ending the 1965 war. The agreement was made between the Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistan’s President Muhammad Ayub Khan.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was the respected politician and a freedom fighter, the people of India will always remember. His contribution to the freedom struggle and also as the Prime Minister of India will never be forgotten and will always inspire millions to the path of honesty and dedication.
Essay 3 (600 Words)
Lal Bahadur Shastri (2nd October 1904-11th January 1966) was the second Prime Minister of India who also served as the External Affairs Minister, Minister of Home Affairs, and Minister of Railways. He was highly respected for his humble roots, simple living style, and honesty.
Early Life and Education
Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October 1904, at his maternal grandparents’ home in Mughalsarai, now Deen Dayal Upadhayaya Nagar in Uttar Pradesh. Shastriji’s father, Sharada Prasad Srivastava, initially worked as a school teacher and later secured a clerical job in the revenue department at Allahabad (now Prayagraj).
Though Shastriji’s father was promoted to Deputy Tahsildar, the happiness of the family was cut short by his untimely and rather tragic death due to bubonic plague in April 1906. By that time Shastriji was the younger of two children; Kailashi Devi born in 1900 was his elder sister. His mother Ramdulari Devi was also pregnant with her third child.
Ramdulari Devi, the mother of Shastriji had then moved to her father, Munshi Hazari Lal’s house in Mughalsarai. He was a headmaster at the Railway School in Mughalsarai.
Shastriji’s initial schooling was done at the East Central Railway Inter College and the Harish Chandra High School.
While studying at Harish Chandra College, Shastri Ji was highly influenced by the patriotic thinking of one of his teachers named Nishkameshwar Prasad Mishra. Under his influence, Shastriji started reading about the life of nationalist leaders and spiritual gurus like Mahatma Gandhi, Annie Besant, and Swami Vivekananda among others.
When he was in the tenth standard, Shastriji attended a public meeting hosted by Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya in January 1921. In the meeting, Mahatma Gandhi appealed to the masses and the young to join the non-cooperation movement. Thus Shastri Ji dropped out of the school and joined the Congress Party as a volunteer.
Later Shastri Ji completed his graduation in Philosophy from Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1925. He also joined as the life member of Servants of the People Society. It was a nonprofit social service organization founded by Lala Lajpat Rai.
Slowly due to his work for the betterment of Harijans and the underprivileged, Shastriji became a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi.
Below are some of the political posts that Shastri Ji held –
- Minister of Police and Transport, Government of Uttar Pradesh.
- Minister of Railways (1951-1956)
- Minister of Home affairs (1961-1963)
- Minister of External Affairs (June 1964-July 1964)
- Prime Minister of India (June 1964-January 1966)
Shastri Ji died on 11th January 1966 at Tashkent, Uzbekistan, which was then in the USSR. The day before he had signed a peace treaty, ending the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war.
The medical examination conducted thereafter established that Shastriji died of a heart attack, but the controversy regarding his death just refuse to die. Many in India, to this day, believed that he was poisoned by his Indian political opponents. They claim that it was a conspiracy to oust him as the Prime Minister of India is the only possible way as he was immensely popular.
The documents regarding the death of Shastriji were never made public by the Government of India. Till date, it is not clear whether any post mortem of Shastriji’s body was conducted. The claim of the Delhi police that they do not have any documented report of Shastriji’s death further deepens the controversy.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was a politician and a Prime Minister par excellence. He was loved and respected by millions for his honesty and simple living. When he died, he left a void that could never be filled.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Prime Minister of India on 9th June 1964.
Ans. Lal Bahadur Shastri joined Servant of people society.
Ans. Kashi Vidyapeeth conferred Lal Bahadur Shastri with the title 'Shastri'.
Ans. 'Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan' was the slogan given by Lal Bahadur Shastri.
Ans. Lal Bahadur Shastri died in Tashkent from a heart attack.
Ans. The Indo-Pakistan war of 1965 was won by India in the leadership of Lal Bahadur Shastri.