Essay on Chandrayaan

We all know that India is a developing country and it has been developing in every field. India as a country has always worked hard to show off its huge scientific achievements and progress in space research. One of its most important achievements is the historic Chandrayaan project. It was a big step forward in India’s bold plan to learn more about the moon and advance science. This important accomplishment has given people a strong feeling of national pride. To explore more about this incredible mission, let us discuss Chandrayaan in detail.

Chandrayaan 3 Essay in English

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Chandrayaan in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays will also be helpful for students preparing for different competitive exams.

10 Lines Essay on Chandrayaan (100-120 Words)

1) Chandrayaan is the first lunar exploration mission by India.

2) It was launched on October 22, 2008, by the ISRO.

3) The objective of Chandrayaan was to confirm the presence of water ice on the moon.

4) Chandrayaan-1 mission ended due to communication failure in August 2009.

5) Chandrayaan-2, the second lunar exploration mission, was launched on July 22, 2019.

6) Chandrayaan-3 was launched on 14 July 2023.

7)The LVM3 launchedChandrayaan-3 from SDSC SHAR in Sriharikota.

8)On August 23 at 6:04 p.m., the Chandrayaan-3 lander touched down on the moon.

9) India is the first country to softly land Chandrayaan-3 on the South Pole of the Moon.

10) India joined the United States, China, and Russia as the fourth country to set foot on the moon.

Short Essay on Chandrayaan (250 – 300 Words)


Chandrayaan, India’s ambitious lunar exploration mission has been a remarkable achievement for the country’s space program. The success of this mission is evidence of India’s commitment to becoming a global leader in space exploration.

Goals of Chandrayaan

ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) is responsible for launching Chandrayaan mission. One of the major goals of Chandrayaan was to search for water ice on the Moon. It also aimed to figure out what kinds of things are on the Moon. Chandrayaan’s instruments detected the presence of water molecules on the Moon’s surface, which was a significant finding in the field of lunar exploration.

Chandrayaan: The Series

Chandrayaan-1 was the first mission to the moon. It was launched by ISRO on October 2008. On August 28, 2009, Chandrayaan-1 stopped communicating. Shortly after that, the ISRO announced that the operation was over. On 22 July 2019 the Chandrayaan-2 mission was launched successfully. But the lander crashed when it went off track while trying to land on September 6, 2019.Chandrayaan-3 was launched on 14 July 2023 by ISRO. ISRO’s most powerful rocket, the Launch Vehicle Mark III (LVM3), was used to send Chandrayaan-3 into space from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. On 23 August, at 6:04 PM, the Chandrayaan-3 lander landed on the south pole of the moon successfully. The ISRO said that Chandrayaan 3’s rover “Pragyaan” has finished its work on the Moon’s surface and has been put into sleep mode to make it through the Moon’s night. India is now the forth country to land on moon.


Chandrayaan has been a remarkable achievement for India’s space program. Not only has it contributed to scientific discoveries and advancements in space exploration but it has also served as a source of national pride.

Long Essay on Chandrayaan 3 (500 Words)


The word “Chandrayaan” means “moon vehicle” in Hindi. Chandrayaan is India’s first lunar exploration mission. It was a significant achievement for India as it made it the fourth country to reach the moon after the United States, Russia, and China. This mission showcased India’s prowess in space technology and opened new doors for further space exploration.

The Chandrayaan Mission

Chandrayaan was launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 2008. On 22 October, 2008, Chandrayaan-1 was launched from Sriharikota. It has given us spectrum data with a high level of detail about the Moon’s minerals.The mission was finally over on August 29, 2009, almost a year after it started. Chandrayaan ran for 312 days instead of the two years that had been planned, but it was successful because it met 95% of its goals. It was 22 July 2019, when Chandrayaan-2 was launched. The main goal of Chandrayaan 2 was to find out where and how much water there is on the surface of the moon. On 6 September 2019, Chandrayaan-2’s lander and rover crashed on the moon’s surface because problems came up during the last part of the journey. Even though the rover, called Vikram, didn’t land as smoothly as planned, the rest of the mission was a success. Following the previous missions, Chandrayaan-3 is launched on 14 July 2023 from Sriharikota.

Chandrayaan-3: A Glimpse

Chandrayaan-3 is the third lunar exploration mission undertaken by ISRO. It is part of India’s ambitious space program to further explore the mysteries of the Moon. The Launch Vehicle Mark-III (LVM-III) sent the Chandrayaan-3 project into space from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.Chandrayaan-3 has a lander, a rover, and a module for moving forward. The whole weight of the Chandrayaan-3 spaceship is 3,900 kg. According to ISRO, Chandrayaan-3 will have three main goals. One is to show that it is safe and easy to land on the moon’s surface. The second goal is to show how to use rovers on the moon. And the third goal is to do scientific tests on the surface of the moon.

Success of Chandrayaan-3

Chandrayaan-3 mission is the first to do the soft landing near the moon’s South Pole. The lander touched down on the moon at 6:04 p.m. on August 23.The Vikram lander began the last phase of the mission on August 17 when it detached from the propulsion module. They looked for sulphur and other minor elements, took measurements of the temperature, and watched for movement. Both the Vikram lander and the Pragyan rover were supposed to go to sleep on September 2 and 4, when the sun went down at the landing spot. On September 22, the lander and rover are scheduled to resume operations. Prime Minister Narendra Modi named the Vikram lander’s location as Shiv Shakti. He also declared August 23 as National Space Day.


Chandrayaan-3 is a significant step forward for India’s space exploration program.Chandrayaan’s success is not limited to scientific discoveries but also have socio-economic benefits for the country.Moreover, it will also inspire and motivate the younger generation to take an interest in science and technology.

I hope the above provided essay on Chandrayaan will be helpful for you to know more about the Chandrayaan mission.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Chandrayaan

Q.1 What was the budget of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans. India has spent about $75 million (approximately 615 crore) on Chandrayaan-3.

Q.2 Who is leading the Chandrayaan-3 mission?

Ans. The Chandrayan 3 project is being led by Ritu Karidhal Shrivastava. Ritu is a scientist at ISRO who hails from Lucknow, UP.

Q.3 Who is the Chairman of ISRO?

Ans. Indian aerospace expert Sreedhara Panicker Somanath is the chairman of ISRO.

Q.4 Who is the project director of Chandrayaan-3?

Ans. P Veeramuthuvel is the project director of Chandrayaan-3 and its goal to make a soft landing on the moon. In 2019, he also worked on the Chandrayaan 2 mission.

Q.5 Who is known as “Moon Man of India”?

Ans. Mylswamy Annadurai, who held different positions in ISRO is considered as the “Moon Man of India”.