Essay on Diwali

Diwali is not only an Indian festival but also a way to peep into Indian culture and tradition. If you are still unaware of this festival called Diwali and want to get an insight into what Diwali is all about? Then, you have halted at the right station. So, let us dive in to discover the essence of this festival and how it touches the lives of people of India as social, global, and mythological. Here are short, mid and long length essays:

Short and Long Essays on Diwali

Essay 1 (250 Words) - Diwali Celebration in India


“Diwali” is a festival of luminescence celebrated in India. According to the Hindu calendar ‘Panchangs’, it falls on the new moon in the Karthik month. Generally, the festival of Diwali lasts for five days. Diwali depicts the triumph of good over bad. Diwali is considered as one of the primary festivals celebrated in India.

According to Ramayana, Lord Ram defeated Ravana and returned Ayodhya after fourteen years of exile. To welcome Lord Ram and Mata Sita, citizens of Ayodhya decorated the whole city and lit the diyas as their feeling of happiness towards Lord Ram. Since then the tradition to celebrate this victory of good over evil became the festival of light called “Diwali”.

Diwali Celebration in India

In India, the advent of Diwali marks from ‘Dhanteras’ which is considered as day one of this five-day-long festival. The next day is celebrated as ‘Chhoti Diwali’ followed by ‘Diwali’ as the third day. On the fourth day falls ‘Govardhan puja’ and ‘Bhai duj’ as the last day of the Diwali celebration. During Diwali, people buy new clothes, clean homes, and decorate by candles, diyas, lights, Kandil, and Rangoli.

The festival of Diwali is enjoyed by every age group of people, especially children. It is so because children get a chance to burn crackers, eat delicious sweets, and long merry time with their family and friends. The businessmen, merchants, and traders close their old Account books and start with a new account book. On the day of Diwali, people worship Lord Ganesha and goddess Lakshmi in order to bring wealth and happiness in their life.


Diwali is not just a festival to celebrate but also symbolizes the sharing of happiness with everyone. Diwali also teaches us the moral of life that truth always wins. So, we must speak the truth and embrace the goods of speaking truth.

Essay 2 (400 Words) - Diwali: Pros and Cons as a Festival in this Modern Era


With the rise of globalization, festivals are also not immune to the effect of globalization. Today, Diwali as a festival is not only celebrated within the boundaries of the country but also celebrated globally. As Indians living across the globe, so they carry their festivals too. We Indians love to enjoy the festival of Diwali.

Seeing the aura of this festival, people of foreign origin have also started to celebrate Diwali. Diwali is especially recognized as a festival of wealth, money, shopping, light, and bursting of a high number of crackers. Though it gives us extreme pleasure after the celebration, it also brings post-Diwali side effects. Let us discuss a few pros and cons of Diwali.

Pros of Diwali Festival

Economical Significance: Diwali is not all about lights, but it also opens a door for shopping periods in India. Every year after Diwali it is reported in media that about hundreds of million-dollar money is pumped in during Diwali. People from every section of society spend a good amount of money. The festival is related to the goddess Lakshmi, who is a symbol of wealth and prosperity. People spend their money on buying gold, silver, steel utensils, and other auspicious metals as their item of purchase.

Along with this, people also spend in buying consumer electronics, clothes, sweets, and other similar luxury items. The other channel where the economy sees a heavy surge in online shopping. ASSOCHAM, a trade organization in India estimated that two-third of Indians households would spend between Rs. 5000 and Rs. 10000 on average. These various activities contribute to the economy flow and circulation of money in the market.

Global Mode of Cultural Exchange: Exchange of trade between countries brought them together on multiple platforms. Most of the countries have their embassies located in the capital city of India. These embassies have ambassadors as the face of their countries. On the occasion of the Diwali celebration, the government of India organizes various cultural exchange programs where high dignitaries, leaders of worldwide, and politicians come together to enjoy the uniqueness of Diwali.

Cons of Diwali Festival

Pollution: The major concern that arises from the celebration of Diwali is air pollution. Every year, there is a surge in the air quality index after Diwali night. Due to air pollution caused by the smoke of firecrackers, many birds die after this. Elderly people often complain about various breathing problems. High sound-producing crackers have a bad effect on pregnant women, heart patients, and smaller children.


Diwali is a festival of happiness, calmness, and peace. It teaches us brotherhood and building a healthy relationship with nature. So, let’s celebrate this Diwali as eco friendly and convey a message of prosperity in everyone’s life.

Essay 3 (600 Words) - Diwali Celebration in Context of Different Religions


Today for most of us, “Diwali” is only a festival of light, partying, shopping, and taking a break from our working life. Apart from all these, we don’t give heed to its real significance what the festival of Diwali holds. Diwali has a vivid history and significance to different people belonging to other castes, religions, demography, and livelihood. The festival of Diwali has its root just after the inception of the earth. So, let us now explore how Diwali plays an integral role in developing as humans and providing us our own Indian style of living.

Diwali in Hinduism

1. Treta Yuga: Treta Yuga is remembered for the most significant event of the incarnation of Lord Vishnu as Lord Ram. It is believed that kingdom of Ayodhya was ruled for almost eleven thousand years by Lord Rama, who was known as the 7th avatar of Lord Vishnu. This prosperous period is also called “Ram Rajya”. During this period, Lord Ram went for fourteen years of exile along with Mata Sita and his younger brother Lakshman. But during their stay, demon-king Ravana abducted Mata Sita. To bring back Mata Sita, Lord Ram defeated demon- king Ravana and send a message of victory of good over evil.

2. Dwapar Yuga: The Yuga talks about the incarnation of Lord Vishnu as Lord Krishna. In this Yuga, Lord Krishna killed Narakasura and freed about 16000 girls from his captivity. This act of Lord Krishna also gave a message of the triumph of good over evil.

3. Other Vedic sources: ‘Padma Purana’ reveals that during Samudra Manthan (churning of the heavenly ocean of milk) between Devtas (god) and demon (asuras), goddess Lakshmi was born.

Diwali in Jainism

According to Harivamsha Purana, Diwali in Jainism is referred to as Dipika. The Diwali day also talks about the Mahavira, twenty-fourth Jain Tirthankara, and Mahavira attainment of Moksha. The New Year for Jain’s falls on pratipada i.e. the next day of Diwali. Few sources of Jainism also mentions about Gautama swami, the chief disciple of Mahavira, attaining omniscience.

Diwali in Sikhism

For Sikhs, the celebration of Diwali represents the day on which the sixth guru, Shri Hargobind Ji was released from the prison along with 52 other princes from the famous Gwalior Fort under the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. That’s why; the day is celebrated as Bandi Chhor Divas by lighting up thousands of lamps at the golden temple, Amritsar.

Diwali in Buddhism

It is believed emperor Ashoka was so moved by the mass killing in the war of Kalinga held in 263 B.C that he converted to Buddhism. To mark this incident the day is regarded as Ashoka Vijayadashami.

Other Historical Significance

According to king ‘Harsha’, in the 7th century, Diwali is a festival where lamps were lit and gifts to newly engaged brides and grooms of the period were given as a token of love. Rajashekhara, an eminent Sanskrit poet under the court of Gurjara Pratiharas, described Diwali as the season of whitewashing, cleaning, decoration of houses, and the illumination of streets with oil lamp by the people of the town. On the agricultural front, Diwali is observed as a post-harvest festival for celebrating the rewards reaped through the harvest following the onset of the monsoon in the subcontinent region.

Decoding Ancient Inscriptions

In ancient times, Sanskrit was used as the main language for inscription. Excavation at various sites in India found Sanskrit inscription on stone and copper, indicating about Diwali. Terms like Dipotsava, Dipavati, Divali, and Divalige were used in the inscriptions.


India is considered as the land of cultural heritage, tradition, and festivals. Among festivals, Diwali is a festival that proves to be a common link between all the civilizations that have existed on the earth. So, Diwali not only holds India’s integrity but also plays a major role in defining ancient Indian history.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 What is Diwali called in West Bengal?

Ans. Diwali is called Bhai Phonta in west Bengal.

Q.2 Which oil is used in lighting the earthen lamps in Diwali?

Ans. Mustard oil is used in lighting the earthen lamps in Diwali.

Q.3 Which state of India celebrates 'Thalai Deepawali'?

Ans. 'Thalai Deepawali' is celebrated in the Tamil Nadu state of India.

Q.4 What is the festival of Diwali called in Sikhism?

Ans. The festival of Diwali in Sikhism is called 'Bandi Chhor Divas'.