Coronavirus is a large family of the virus, which became popular in December 2019, due to a disease named COVID-19 or novel Coronavirus (nCoV). The disease is caused by a strain of Coronavirus named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
Short and Long Essay on Causes, Effects and Prevention of Corona Virus
Essay 1 (250 Words) - Effects of COVID-19 and Its Prevention
Coronavirus is a disease officially named COVID-19, caused by the Coronavirus family of viruses. Coronaviruses aren’t new to scientists and doctors; but this particular strain of the Coronavirus family, which is responsible for COVID-19, is discovered for the first time.
Effects of COVID-19 on Anatomy of a Patient
COVID-19 is usually a respiratory disease that in the final stages affects the lungs, making it difficult for the patient to breathe air, ultimately resulting in death.
Initial symptoms, developed during 4 to 10 days of the infection, include symptoms of normal flu, like, fever, nausea, body pain, cough, sore throat, etc. As the infections spread to other parts of the body, the symptoms become more severe.
When the infection reaches the lungs, it covers the lung with patches of a proteinaceous secretion that prevents the function of the lungs. The patients find it difficult to breathe, ultimately leading to demise.
COVID-19 can be prevented from getting transmitted from person to person by adopting very basic rules for socializing and personal hygiene. The best way to avoid the spread of disease is to socially quarantine yourself so that you don’t get infected either act as a career to someone else. Washing hands regularly with soap and avoid touching your mouth, eyes, and nose, will prevent you from getting infected.
COVID-19 is something new for the world medical community and there is no cure for it as of now. The best policy to fight the epidemic is to put you as well the infected person in social isolation.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - Symptoms of COVID and It's Global Effects
Coronavirus (CoV), is a family of viruses that have been responsible for diseases like the Middle East Respiratory System (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). In December 2019, a new strain of the virus named novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was discovered. This virus is responsible for the COVID-19 disease which was declared a pandemic by the WHO in March 2020.
Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection
The novel Coronavirus has transmitted to humans from animals. Its origin was in the Wuhan province of China. The symptoms of COVID-19 develop anytime from 4 to 14 days of getting the infection. The symptoms of Coronavirus may include the following -
- Fever, usually high – above 100°F
- Difficulty in breathing (shortness of breath)
- Fatigue and tiredness
- Body ache
- Running nose
- Sore and painful throat
The severity of the COVID-19 symptoms could range from mild to strong. The more severe symptoms include pneumonia and vomiting as the disease progresses to the last stage.
COVID-19 has been declared an epidemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020. Apart from affecting at least 35,659,007 infected persons globally and claiming lakhs of lives, its scare has put many countries to face an economic slowdown.
The impact of Coronavirus on the world economy is as severe as the disease itself. Many major cities around the globe are put under complete lockdown, due to the Coronavirus scare. All kinds of business transactions were stopped completely for near about six months and people quarantined themselves to their houses, in order to prevent the infection from spreading. Offices around the world were shut down and employees were asked to work from home. The tourism industry took the blow as well as the governments cancel all international flights to and from a country.
Everything was stopped completely but things have started again and people have resumed their work. How long someone can live without work, so everywhere in the world, people are stepping out of their homes. Although they are at high risk, prevention is the only cure and people are following it strictly.
How Coronavirus (COVID-19) can be Prevented from Spreading?
The following methods could be applied to prevent the spread of COVID-19 as the world struggles to find a cure –
- Practice social distancing.
- Avoid unnecessarily going to market places, parks, malls, etc.
- Also, avoid visiting friends and relatives until the government announces that it’s safe to do so.
- Wash your hands properly from time to time.
- Avoid touching your face with hands around the nose, eyes, and mouth.
- Keep a distance of at least 6 feet between anyone you meet.
- Avoid touching surfaces or things at the places of large footfalls.
There is no treatment for the Coronavirus as of now and it is better to prevent. Several vaccines are under process and will soon be available in the markets.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - COVID-19: Causes, Effects and Prevention
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of zoonotic viruses that have been responsible for diseases like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). In 2019, a new strain of Coronavirus called COVID-19 was discovered, which was previously not known.
2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
The disease COVID-19 which was first discovered in 2019 is caused by – severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
According to the WHO report, on December 31st, 2019, it was alerted by the Chinese authorities about occurrences of unusual cases of pneumonia in the port city of Wuhan. The number of infected persons quickly started rising and most of the infected worked at the Huanan seafood wholesale market in Wuhan.
Since then, the total number of affected persons worldwide has risen to 35,659,007 cases, resulting in 1,044,269 deaths as of October 2020. Around 235 countries have reported positive cases of COVID-19, with the United States and India recording maximum casualties at 7.58M and 6.76M respectively.
Cause of Coronavirus Spread
COVID-19 was initially transmitted from animals to humans. In all possibilities, its origin was at the Huanan seafood market in Wuhan, China. Human to human transmission occurs through the respiratory droplets of the infected person, mainly while coughing or sneezing.
The virus responsible for COVID-19 remains active on plastic or stainless steel for up to three days. Stair handrail and spindles, door latches, lift buttons, handlebars in trains and buses, tables, chairs in hotels or crowded places, could be a potential medium for the transmission of the virus.
Effects of Coronavirus COVID-19
The initial symptoms of the infection may appear within 4 to 10 days from the day of getting infected. The initial symptoms are flu-like including fever, cough, and difficulty in breathing. Some cases may show symptoms like runny nose, sneezing, or sore throat. Symptoms of diarrhea with vomiting may appear in some patients. In the last stages, the disease progresses as pneumonia, resulting in multiple organ failure and death.
Prevention of Coronavirus
Amid the COVID-19 crisis around the world, one thing is clear that the vaccine effective against the SARS-CoV-2 virus wouldn’t be available anytime sooner than 2021. Therefore, preventing the transmission of the virus from person to person becomes the best alternative.
Slowing the spread of disease will prevent the health facilities from being overburdened. This improves the possibility of recovery of present cases as they get adequate treatment and medical facilities.
One of the best methods to contain the spread of the disease is social distancing. The theory of social distancing entails that every member of society distances himself from others and avoid public places, relatives, friends, etc., until or unless it is extremely important. By doing so, we will be preventing the virus from transmitting to another person; subsequently ending the epidemic. If the virus is prevented from spreading, it will become ineffective and redundant after a period of time.
Moreover, acts of personal hygiene and cleanliness also play a vital role in the spread of the disease. Your mouth, nose, and eyes act as the entry point of the virus in your body. Therefore, it is highly recommended to properly wash your hand with soap, at least for thirty seconds, when you are coming from outside or before eating. Also, avoid touching your face at these entry points.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) is declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. It is a highly contaminable disease and the only feasible weapon against it, at present, is to prevent it from spreading further. As long as we distance ourselves, we would be saving our family and others as well, from the deadly virus.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The virus responsible for causing Covid-19 infection is SARS-COV-2.
Ans. WHO declared Coronavirus as a Global Pandemic on 11th March 2020.
Ans. The incubation period of Coronavirus infection is 2-14 days.
Ans. RT-PCR test and Antibody test are done for detection of Covid-19.
Ans. The Arogya Setu App for Coronavirus tracking was launched in India on 2 April 2020.