Paragraph and Short Essay on Republic Day of India

Every year Republic day on 26 January is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy in the entire nation. It is celebrated by the people of all the religions in India without any discrimination.

Paragraph on Republic Day of India

How Do We Celebrate Republic Day


26 January is celebrated as republic day in India and is the day of great historical significance. It is classified as the national festival of India. It is a national holiday. It is an important day for the people of the nation as we got our constitution on this day.

Celebrations of Republic Day in India

It is celebrated with great joy by the people of India. The grand celebration of Republic day is held in New Delhi. The President hoists the flag at Rajpath in New Delhi every year on 26 January. The people from different parts of the nation enjoy as the spectators of the celebration.

This year in 2023 India will be celebrating its 74th republic day. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the President of Egypt is the chief guest of 2023 republic day parade. This year’s arrangements are huge as usual with the grand parade, cultural activities etc unlike during COVID-19 crisis.


Republic day is celebrated in all the schools and offices by hoisting the national flag. The day infuses in us the feeling of patriotism. It reminds us of the struggle and sacrifice made by our freedom fighters.

Short Essay on Republic Day of India

Importance and Celebration


Republic day marks an important event in the history of India. It is celebrated every year on 26 January since 1950. The day is celebrated in all educational institutions and public/private offices by hoisting the national flag. People all over the nation celebrate this national festival with great happiness.

Importance of Republic day

India got independent from British rule on 15 August 1947. The nation was in the utmost need of a constitution for governance. It leads to the formation of a drafting committee under the chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. The constitution was drafted on 26 November 1949 after a period of 2 years 11 months and 18 days. The drafted constitution was enforced on 26 January 1950.

India became a secular, sovereign, democratic, and republic nation on this day three years after attaining Independence. The day is regarded as the most important day for the citizens of India as the constitution gives us the fundamental rights and freedom without any discrimination. The people got the right to choose the government and speak up for the violation of their rights. The army personnel and civilians are awarded Padma Awards and medals for their act of bravery by the President of India every 26 January.

How is Republic Day Celebrated?

Republic day is celebrated mainly in New Delhi. The national flag is hoisted by the President at Rajpath in New Delhi and it is followed by a grand parade. The Indian armed forces, Border security forces, paramilitary forces, NCC Cadets, school students participate in the march past. A variety of cultural programs is organized. Every year India invites the chief guest from foreign countries to attend the grand event. The celebration takes place for three consecutive days and ends with the Beating Retreat ceremony.

Commemoration of 74th Republic Day in 2023

This year 74th Republic day will be celebrated in India. In the previous years we were already suffering from the COVID-19 pandemic crisis and thus the preparation for the celebration was not performed properly. So, this year’s Republic day celebration will be huge at the Kartavya Path.

The President of Egypt , Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is the chief guest of honor in 2023. The strength and size of the contingents in parade will be huge. The distance for the parade has also reduced as the parade will begin from Vijay Chowk and end at National Stadium and this is happening for the first time in history.

Few cultural programs have to be organized and will be of short duration. Earlier lakhs of people use to witness the parade but this year only 25000 people are allowed as spectators. The children below 15 years of age are not allowed to become the spectator of the celebration. The protocol for COVID-19 will be strictly followed in organizing this event.


The programs and activities organized on republic day feature a glimpse of the freedom struggle. We enjoy the live telecast of the republic day function held in New Delhi, India Gate. Republic day gives us a message to live with unity and brotherhood by forgetting all the differences.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Where is the Beating Retreat Ceremony held?

Ans. Beating Retreat ceremony is held at Vijay Chowk in New Delhi.

Q.2 Who hoists the national Flag in state capitals of India on Republic Day?

Ans. The Governor hoists the national flag in state capitals of India on Republic Day.

Q.3 Which Republic Day will be celebrated in 2023?

Ans. India will celebrate its 74th republic day in 2023.

Q.4 How many gun salutes are given on Republic Day?

Ans. A 21 gun salute is given after flag hoisting on Republic Day.

Q.5 At what time on 26 January 1950 the constitution was enforced?

Ans. The constitution was enforced at 10:18 am on 26 January 1950.

Q.6 Where did the first republic parade took place?

Ans. It took place at Irwin Stadium in New Delhi which is now known as National Stadium (Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium).