Essay on Farm Bill 2020

Farmer Bill 2020

The farmers are the real strength of our nation as more than 60% of people are involved in agriculture. Agriculture accounts for 17% of the total GDP in India. This conveys the importance of farmers and their duties towards our nation. It is very sad to state that farmers are said to be the food providers but themselves lead a hard and miserable life. Farmer Bill 2020 is an initiative made by the government to improve the condition of agricultural sectors and farmers but it has become a great concern due to the farmers protesting against the bill.

Short and Long Essay on Farm Bill in English

Essay on Farm Bill 2020 for students of class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and class 12 in English in 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 500 words. Also find short Farm Bill 2020 essay 10 lines.

Farm Bill 2020 Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) The Farm Bills or Indian agriculture Act 2020 were proposed in September 2020.

2) This bill was proposed on behalf of the existing conditions of farmers.

3) This bill aimed to benefit farmers and promote trade.

4) It allowed farmers to sell their goods anywhere in the country.

5) Farmers didn’t find necessary information regarding MSP in this bill.

6) They also feared chances of exploitation due to private parties’ investment.

7) Farmers were not consulted or discussed the farm bills by the government.

8) Farmers were not satisfied with the bills and protested against them.

9) The farm laws were stayed by the Supreme Court on 12 January 2021.

10) The farm bills were canceled on 19 November 2021 due to mass opposition.

Short Essay 250 Words


India is a country that is known as an agricultural economy. More than 50% of people of India reside in villages and depend upon agriculture for their needs. Every program and policy is launched by the government to being reform in the agricultural sector.

The inception of Farm Bill 2020

There have been many schemes and policies initiated in the past after independence by different governments for the welfare of the agricultural sector and farmers. This is sad to say that despite introducing several schemes and policies for agriculture and farming the condition of farmers in India is still poor. Recently the government of India has launched a Farm Bill in September 2020 for the welfare of the agricultural sector. It is introduced with a vision for uplifting the condition of the agricultural sector and farmers till 2022.

Will the Farm Bill 2020 bring reform for the farmers?

The Farm Bill 2020 has been passed by the government of India to benefit the agricultural sector and the farmers. The farmers had started protesting after the passing of the Farm Bill 2020. It is because they are not satisfied with this scheme. They are demanding for strengthening of APMC’s. They want the government sector to invest in the agricultural sector instead of the private sector.

They fear that the private sector will have a monopoly in the agricultural sector. This will worsen the condition of the farmers having small landholdings. They have to live at the mercy of the corporate sector and the private sectors will only think about their own benefits. Therefore according to the farmers, the farm bill is not going to bring any reform for the farmers.


The bill should have been passed after discussing with the farmers and then there would be no confusion in the mind of farmers about Farm Bill 2020.

The long essay provided below will give a clear idea about the Farmer Bill. It will be useful for students in competitive exams, essay writing, assignments, etc.

Why Farmers Protested against Farm Bill – Long Essay (1000 Words)


‘Jai jawan Jai Kisan’ was the beautiful slogan given by Lal Bahadur Shastri. It was given by him in the honor of farmers and soldiers for their contribution to the nation. The farmers are the backbone of India. They do a lot of hard work and feed everyone in the nation. The schemes and programs launched by the government are of great importance to the farmers. Various programs and schemes need to be launched to give a better life to farmers and height to the agricultural sector.

What is Farmer Bill 2020?

The launching of the Farmer Bill is the medium to transform the agricultural sector. A set of three acts constitute to form the Farmer Bill 2020 and were passed in the monsoon session of the parliament in 2020. The bills were first passed by the Lok Sabha on 17 September 2020 and further by Rajya Sabha on 20 September 2020. The President finally gave his assent to the Farmer Bill on 27 September 2020. The three bills that form the Farmer Bill can be stated as:

  1. The Farmer’s Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020.
  2. The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020.
  3. Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020.

What is the Purpose of Introducing Farm Bill 2020?

Agriculture plays an important role in strengthening the economy of India. Most of the people in our country live in villages and earn their living by practicing farming. The system of Zamindaari was prevalent after India got independent from British rule. The farmers used to sell the agricultural produce to the zamindars or landlords. They use to pay very less to the farmers.

Many times it happened that the farmers took money as loans from the landlords and in return, they have to pay hefty interests. The Zamindaari system was greatly a form of exploiting the farmers. The farmers were subject to injustice. Further, after the landlord system was abolished by the government, the Government introduced a new farming procedure.

The APMC (Agriculture Produce Market Committee) or Mandis set by the Government for selling the agricultural produce. It was set to benefit the farmers but the scenario was something else. The middlemen, retailers started making money in this provision. They used to buy the products at low rates from the farmers and sold them to the traders at high prices.

Farmer received very less money after selling the products and there it can be said that the provision was not implemented well and was not benefitting to farmers. The Government has introduced the new farm bill to put these improper activities to an end thereby benefitting the farmers.

Pros and Cons of Farm Bill 2020


The Farm Bill 2020 includes three acts that are meant to provide certain benefits to the farmers and uplift the agricultural sector in India. The provisions in the bill aim to bring the agricultural sector to great benefit along with raising the income of the Indian Farmers.

  • This law enables the farmers for trading agricultural products anywhere in India.
  • The flexibility of markets for the farmers will be increased.
  • The farmers can buy or sell their agricultural products via online mode also.
  • There will be no tax imposed on the farmers by the state government for inter-state trading.
  • The bill provides a right to the farmers for contract farming. The farmers can enter into contract farming after the price for the produce is fixed by the investors.
  • The farmers will be benefitted from new farming technologies for a good yield of crops.
  • The private party investment will lead to development of good infrastructure like cold storage, warehouses etc for proper storage and reduced loss of agricultural produce.
  • The private parties’ investment will benefit the farmers from having small landholding.
  • The bill states removing cereals, pulses, potatoes, onions, and edible oil from essential commodities and ending the stock holding.


  • The bills have become the subject to protest by the farmers of India and are said as anti-farmer by the farmers.
  • The farmers are unhappy with the farm bill 2020 as they fear the ending of MSP (Minimum Support Price).
  • It will lead to the dominance of the corporators in the agricultural sectors by the power of money.
  • Farm bill had been passed by the government by voice voting and without consulting the farmers and opposition.

Is Farm Bill 2020 Good or Bad?

The introduction of the Farmer Bill 2020 is referred to as a watershed moment in Indian History by our honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The bills present a layout that is for the benefit of the agricultural sector. Despite relating it for the welfare of farmers, it has received a negative response in form of a nationwide protest by the farmers in India especially Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, etc.

Reasons for Protesting against Farm Bill

The first and main reason for the protest against the bill is the sudden introduction of the Farm Bill 2020. It was necessary to discuss the bill with the farmers, opposition and state government before passing the bills. It would then not create misconceptions about the bill. Secondly, the farmers’ fear of the Minimum Support Price for the Products would end. The price of the goods would be negligible in the market if there is no MSP and therefore the farmers will have to sell their products at loss.  The MSP was of great benefit to the farmers.

Farmers fear that the entry of private parties’ investment would lead to the supremacy of the corporators in the agricultural sector and would exploit the small farmers. Therefore it can be said that Farm Bill is not justifying as must be discussed before being passed and becoming a law in the nation.


The condition of the farmers in India is not very good. They have been subject to injustice for many years even after the introduction of schemes and plans in the agricultural sector. The present government has introduced the Farm Bill 2020 to push out the Indian Farmers out of this agony. The massive protest against the bill and shout of the farmers and state government to withdraw the bills are of great concern and is the current issue in the entire nation.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 When was the ordinance issued for the Farm Bill 2020?

Ans. The ordinance for the Farm Bill was issued on 5 June 2020.

Q.2 When was the Farm Bill enacted by Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?

Ans. The bill has been enacted by Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha on 17 and 20 September 2020.

Q.3 What is meant by APMC?

Ans. It stands for Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee set by the government for the farmers.

Q.4 Why are farmers all over India protesting?

Ans. The farmers of India are protesting against the recently passed Farm Bill 2020.

Q.5 What is MSP?

Ans. It stands for Minimum Support Price and it is the price stated by the government to save the farmers against any fall in prices of agricultural produce.

Q.6 How many crops price are decided by MSP (Minimum Support Price)?

Ans. Minimum Support Price decides the rates of 23 crops in India.