The constitution of India contains a set of fundamental rights which are discussed in Part 3 of the constitution. Each of the six fundamental rights is explained with their use and limitations. These rights are enjoyed by every citizen of the country regardless of their discrimination based on caste, color, creed, sex, religion, etc. Read these paragraphs and short essay, they will give you a clear view about what is Fundamental Rights of people in India.
Paragraph on Fundamental Rights
Fundamental Rights of People in India (250 Words)
There are some rights in the constitution, which are conferred to the citizens of India called fundamental rights. These rights are important for existence and help in the development of an individual.
Fundamental Rights in India
The fundamental rights are granted to all the citizens of India irrespective of their caste, creed, sex, religion, etc. life without fundamental rights is of no value. These rights help us in our making our potential to result in a successful outcome. Fundamental rights provide freedom to the weaker sections of societies. Earlier these people were exploited by the upper-class people. These rights provide dignity and liberty to these people. They no longer are subject to exploitation.
The violations of these fundamental rights are subject to the law. The person can directly reach to Supreme Court for obtaining the solution to the problem. Earlier there were seven fundamental rights but the Right to Property was removed by 44th amendment in 1978. It was done so that the property is the authority of the person, not the government. Compensation was also announced for the people whose property has been taken by the government. Six fundamental rights are Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right to Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights, and Right to Constitutional Remedies.
The fundamental rights had been useful in abolishing the wrong social practices in the society which had its existence before the country’s independence.
Fundamental rights are necessary for the proper existence and growth of an individual. These rights have a significant role in the life of citizens of India.
Short Essay on Fundamental Rights
Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution: Essence and Attributes (400 Words)
The constitution of India guarantees some basic rights for all the citizens of India which are known as fundamental rights. These rights are enjoyed by all the citizens of the country without any discrimination based on caste, creed, religion, sex, etc.
These rights are essential for the personal, moral, and spiritual development of the people. These rights help us to work according to our desire and give our best.
The Essence of Fundamental Rights in India
The concept of including fundamental rights in the Indian constitution was derived from England’s Bill of Rights, the France Declaration of Bill of Man, the constitution of Ireland, and the USA Bill of Rights. The Rowlatt Act during the British rule abandoned the liberty and dignity of the people of India. This act made people demand their liberty and rights. Fundamental rights were necessary for the people of India as it is a multi-lingual, multi-religious, multi-cultural nation.
The formation of our constitution started after the Independence of India on 15 August 1947. It was carried on by the Constituent Assembly of India. The chairperson of the drafting committee was Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. The people from different political backgrounds were chosen for making the constitution. The fundamental rights were included in part 3 of the constitution. Finally, the constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into action on 26 January 1950.
Certain Attributes of Fundamental Rights
- Fundamental rights are not like human rights. It is provided by the country and is basically meant for the citizens of the country.
- These rights are necessary for the maintenance of the dignity of the citizens of India.
- Fundamental rights if violated by the state government or any private body are subject to the law. This individual can directly report to the high court or Supreme Court to get remedial action for the violation of his/her fundamental rights.
- Fundamental rights are only the rights that are guaranteed by the constitution of India. Breaching this law is justiciable.
- Fundamental rights are embedded in Part 3 of the constitution. It is explained from Article 12-35 in a detailed format with its scope and restrictions.
- Fundamental rights can be amended. The parliament has the power to curb any part of the constitution including fundamental rights without disturbing the basic constitutional structure.
- Fundamental rights can be suspended during the emergency condition in the country. These rights are again retained after the emergency period finishes.
- There are some special Fundamental rights which are conferred by the constitution of India on the different groups of minorities to protect them from any kind of discrimination from other sections of society.
Fundamental rights a subject of necessity for a democratic country like India. It gives us freedom and opportunity for all-around development of an Individual.