Can you imagine a life where there is no freedom to speak, live, or do the things of our choice? But it is not so, we have been granted some fundamental rights by our constitution. These rights are important for the development of an individual. Nobody can be exploited or discriminated against on any basis. These rights do not provide freedom to do anything that disrupts the unity of the nation. These rights form an important part of the constitution which breaching is a punishable act.
Fundamental Rights - Short and Long Essay
In the long essay provided below, we have given an elaborate description of the topic that would be helpful to school, college, and university students.
Short Essay on Fundamental Rights (250 words)
Fundamental rights are the rights that are essential for the overall development of the people of the nation. These rights are granted to each and every citizen of the nation from birth, without any discrimination on basis of caste, creed, sex, and religion.
The Indian constitution provides a set of basic rights to its citizens that is stated as the fundamental rights. There are six rights included in the fundamental rights that are granted to Indian citizens. These rights are the Right to equality, Right to freedom, Right against exploitation, Right to freedom of religion, Right to culture and education, Right to constitutional remedy. These fundamental rights can be suspended by the government during an emergency condition in the nation.
Role of Fundamental Rights
The fundamental right provides liberty, equality, and justice to each and every Indian citizen. Part 3 in the constitution from article 12-35 contains the fundamental rights. It is considered a very important part of the Indian constitution. These rights are very important for the survival of people in the nation.
The violation of fundamental rights is a punishable offense. The person can directly go to the court for the justice of breaching of the fundamental right. The fundamental right grants us the freedom to live happily and do whatever we desire. The only thing that people need to remember is that their freedom should not become a nuisance in other's freedom.
The right provides equality to everyone in the nation. The right helps in the growth and development of the people in the nation. The development of people will also ensure the progress of society as well as the nation.
Fundamental rights are essential for the people to live in peace and harmony in the nation. These rights also confer some duties on the citizens of the nation that must be done appropriately.
Long Essay on Classification and Importance of Fundamental Rights in India (600 Words)
India is a democratic nation. Every democratic nation must ensure the rights of its citizens for the proper development and growth of the nation and its people. Democracy itself is a sign of freedom to its people. Every nation provides some rights to its citizens. The judicial system of India protects the fundamental rights of citizens from being violated.
There are many rights provided to citizens all over the world but fundamental rights are guaranteed to the citizens of India only. Article 15, 16, 19, 29, 30 contains the rights which are conferred on the citizens of India only.
Classification of Fundamental Rights in India
There are six fundamental rights in India enlisted below:
- Right to Equality - It is about rendering equality to all the citizens of India irrespective of their caste, creed, religion, sex, religion, etc and there must be no discrimination on these grounds. It is contained in Article 14-18. It states that every citizen has equality before the law. Equality must be granted in every aspect like employment, living, and opportunities.
- Right to Freedom - The citizens of India are granted freedom of speech and expression, freedom of assembly, freedom to form associations, freedom of movement, freedom of residence, and freedom of practicing any occupation. These rights can be enjoyed by every citizen but have some limits. Freedom must not be misused and restricting other's freedom. This is represented in Article 19-22.
- Right against Exploitation - This right provides the provision of stopping the exploitation of the weaker sections of society especially women and children. This right is represented in Article 23-24. It also ensures to stop social evils like human trafficking, child labor, child begging, etc. these are considered to be illegal practices and are punishable.
- Right to Freedom of Religion - This right depicts secularism which is one of the fundamental values of our constitutions. According to this, there is no particular religion of the state or country. This ensures that every citizen of India is free to follow any religion of their choice and belief and is represented in Article 25-28. There must be no discrimination on a religious basis. This also focuses on enabling minorities to practice their culture and traditions and enjoy every opportunity.
- Right to Constitutional Remedies - It is included in Article 32-35. It states that violations of the fundamental rights are subject to remedial action from the court. Any person can appeal in the Supreme Court or High court for protecting their fundamental rights from breaching. Writs like Habeas corpus, mandamus, Certiorari, Quo-Warranto, and Prohibition are issued by Supreme Court and for enforcement of the fundamental rights.
- Cultural and Educational Rights - The cultural rights included in Article 29-30, ensures the protection of the practicing of a different culture, language, and tradition of the citizens. It is also about providing the freedom to minorities to preserve their culture, language, and Traditions. The educational rights states that the people belonging to minority groups having can set up educational institutions for practicing their own culture and language.
Importance of Fundamental Rights
The fundamental rights are necessary for the development and growth of the citizens of India. They can achieve their best without any hindrance. These rights make people from different sections of society to feel safe and secure inside the nation. There are lots of issues like the existence of economical, political, social differences in society. There must be some rights to eradicate these differences and make their life valuable.
The fundamental rights are also known to be the soul of the constitution. These rights are of great importance as it provides the liberty to the people of India. It must be kept in mind that we should use our freedom or rights in such a manner that it may not cause hindrance to others' freedom.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The fundamental rights included in Part 3 (Article 12-35) is called as Magna Carta of India.
Ans. The right to property had been removed by the 44th amendment act.
Ans. The right to privacy has been added by the Supreme Court on the 24th of August, 2017 as a fundamental right.
Ans. The fundamental rights have been derived from the American Bill of Rights.
Ans. Fundamental rights (except a few) are meant for both citizens and foreigners except the people of enemy countries.
Ans. Access to the internet has been declared as a fundamental right under Article 19 as the Internet has become a basic necessity and is useful in studies.