The season of the year during which the maximum rainfall occurs over a place is called the rainy season. The duration of the rainy season varies throughout the globe, depending on the topography and other climatic factors. In this essay, we will go through ‘Rainy Season’ in complete detail.
Short and Long Essay on Rainy Season
Essay 1 (250 Words) - Rainy Season: The Arrival of Dark Clouds
The months during which the maximum rainfall of the year occurs are called the rainy season. In India, the rainy season begins during June month and lasts up to September.
Arrival of Dark Clouds
The arrival of monsoon in India is through two routes -the southern state of Kerala and to the North Eastern States, through the Bay of Bengal.
Kerala, which is its entry point from down south, is also the first state in India to experience shower. The arrival of monsoon over Kerala is clearly anticipated through dense and dark clouds over the Arabian Sea. Usually, the monsoon arrives through Kerala in the first week of June; though, the arrival may shift both sides by a couple of days or even weeks, depending on other climatic factors.
The monsoon through Kerala is also called the southwest monsoon and is considered the bloodline of the agriculture-based economy.
A Time to Admire Nature
During the rainy season, nature comes to its full beauty. New plants come up, tress grows new leaves and every part of land becomes green and filled with life. Animals in the wild become playful during the rainy season as they get plenty of food and water. It is also a time when the earth replenishes its natural resources and water reserves.
The rainy season is not only the most important but also the most-awaited and loved season of the year. The farmers love it, children, young and elders all seem to love the rainy season for the beauty that it adds to nature.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - The Best Season of the Year
The rainy season is the season in which the maximum precipitation of the year occurs. The shower during the rainy season is almost continuous with little or no gap. Even if it didn’t rain for some time; nevertheless, the sky is always overcast with dark clouds.
The Best Season of the Year
The rainy season is the best and by far the most-awaited season of the year. After a long and harsh summer, it comes as a much-sought respite for humans and animals alike. Everyone loves rain; the creatures, as well as nature itself, seems to admire its arrival.
As soon as the first rainfalls over the parched land, things start changing at a fast pace. Firstly, the air and the land look cleaner and fresh. New plants and grasses pop up on the land which had been lying dry and lifeless. Nature comes to its full glory, revealing all the life that it had been concealing inside it, during the summer. All the creatures of the earth including insects, reptiles, amphibians, etc. come out of hibernation and take part in rebuilding the ecology after a long and usually silent summer.
Blessing to Farmers
The rainy season is also a blessing to the farmers as many crops depend on the amount of rainfall during the monsoon. Crops sown on the arrival of monsoon are called Kharif crops and include rice, maize, pulses, millets, etc. These crops require a definite amount of water, which could be only obtained through rains. Developing countries like India, Bangladesh, and others depend on rains to a larger extent, for crop produces.
The Season of Mangoes
The rainy season is also loved for being the season when you get to savor the tastiest fruit of the year – mango. Mango is a very popular fruit of the Indian sub-continent and is also referred to as the King of fruits. It is juicy and pulpy and is the most awaited fruit of the year, especially by the children.
Apart from mangoes; fruits like Jamun, Plums, Litchi, Peach, Pomegranates, apples, etc are produced during the monsoon.
The rainy season is undoubtedly the best season of the year. It is not extreme in any sense like is the case with winter and summer. Climate is comfortable and very pleasing. Nevertheless, it is also very important for farmers and agriculture traders, from an economical point of view. A weak rainy season will be damaging to nature as well as the economy of a place.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - When and Why Rainy Season Occur
The rainy season is one of the best seasons of the year also called ‘monsoon’. People love the rainy season for its moderate temperature; it is neither too cold nor too hot during the monsoon. Also, nature is in its full bloom during the monsoon.
When Rainy Season Falls in Different Countries
The months of the rainy season vary from place to place, all over the globe. Somewhere it lasts for a month while some places have longer monsoons. The following points specific places around the globe and rainy season months as per the Gregorian calendar.
- Kerala, India
Monsoon clouds enter in the south Indian state of Kerala in the first week of June and withdraw in the first week of December.
- Mumbai, India
In the coastal town of Mumbai, the monsoon arrives on the second week of June and withdraws in the first week of October.
- Central America
The tentative date of arrival of the rainy season in Central America is in the April month and it recedes in October.
- Amazon Brazil
The rainy season lasts from September to May.
The Indian monsoon system is by far the most significant of all the monsoon systems across the globe. Tough, the usual monsoon months are from June-September, often the monsoon months extend up to September or even October.
What Causes Rainy Season?
The rainy season throughout the globe is caused due to the changes in annual temperature trends over sea and land. The position of the Sun with respect to earth shifts between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.
Solar heating over the sea leads to the creation of low-pressure areas. This low-pressure zone also called Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) witnesses the convergence of northeast and southeast trade winds. This convergence causes moisture to rise above in the atmosphere and form clouds. When the clouds are overladen with moisture, rain occurs. The shift of this ITCZ zone towards land areas causes rain there.
The same phenomenon is behind the occurrence of the Indian monsoon. During the peak summer months i.e. May-June, the Thar Desert and other parts of North, as well as Central India, heat up. This heating leads to the creation of a low-pressure zone over the sub-continent. This further leads to the shifting of ITCZ from the Indian Ocean to the land, rushing in the moisture-laden winds, consequently causing rains.
Importance of Rainy Season
The rainy season is very important from the point of view of irrigation. Paddy or rice which is a major crop produced in the Indian sub-continent depends entirely on the amount of rain. It is sown in the month of June-July and harvested in November-December and requires a certain water level to be maintained in fields. Thus, the rainy season plays a significant role in Paddy cultivation and decides the fate of millions of agriculture-based households in the sub-continent.
On the other hand, the rainy season is also necessary to maintain the natural water resources level. Lakes, underground water, and seasonal rivers all dry up during the hot summer days and are only brought back to life during the monsoon. The rainy season prepares the earth and replenishes its resources for the coming harsh climatic seasons.
The rainy season is a very important season, which is necessary for the life cycle to continue. It is very important for replenishing the groundwater reserves and also for agriculture. Countries with agriculture-based economies like India depend hugely on the rains during the monsoon for the production of crops and vegetables. It is also the most loved season in the world. Children, young and adults, all love it for the pure beauty of the nature that it reveals.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The rainy season starts from the month of June and lasts till September.
Ans. We get Litchis, Jamun, plums, and cherries in the rainy season.
Ans. We use umbrellas and raincoats in the rainy season.
Ans. Frogs, snails, slugs, earthworms are mostly seen in the rainy season.
Ans. The southwest monsoon causes maximum rainfall in India.
Ans. The monsoon first arrives in Kerala.