Essay on Democracy in India

Democracy in India

Every citizen in India loves to live a life free of unwanted restrictions. There is the freedom to express our views regarding any topic or issue. We have the right to speak up for the wrong. These are enjoyed by people of democratic nations like India. Democracy means that the real power is in hands of the people of the country. The government is formed by the decision of the people.

Short and Long Essay on Indian Democracy in English

Here are essay for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, and degree students. I hope it will enrich your knowledge on this topic.

Indian Democracy Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) India enjoys a democratic form of government.

2) In democracy people are allowed to choose the government for them.

3) India is a democratic country since its independence in 1947.

4) Among several countries in the world, India is registered as the largest democracy.

5) Due to democracy, the people of India are blessed with many fundamental rights.

6) People of India enjoy freedom and equality due to democracy.

7) Democracy encourages peace and love in the country.

8) In India people select their representatives by conducting elections.

9) Democracy in India is helping in the development of the country.

10) Due to democracy, diverse people live with unity in India.

Short Essay on Democracy in India (250 words)


The word ‘Democracy’ has a Greek origin that means the government in which the power is held in the hands of people. Democratic government is the government that is chosen by the people of the nation. Democracy gives us the right to enjoy our freedom and express our opinions on right and wrong.

India is a democratic nation since 1947 after the Independence from British rule. The government in India is formed by the people of the nation. Moreover, India is the largest democracy in the entire world. It is because of the democracy in the nation that people belonging to different religions and cultures are living in peace and harmony for a longer time. Voting is very important for the people living in democratic nations. Democracy in India provides freedom, equality, and justice to the people of India.

Why is Democracy Important in India?

Democracy grants equal rights and freedom to every citizen in a democratic nation. The people can follow their culture and live with freedom. Democracy is a very important factor in a nation like India. India is a land of people with religious and cultural diversity. Every person in the nation is free to practice religion according to their own faith.

Democracy promotes love and respect in every citizen for the other people of the nation. It is the power of democracy only that binds the people of India in the thread of love, peace, and harmony for years. Democracy is also important for the progress and development of India and its citizens.


Democracy allows us to raise our voice against anything wrong in the nation, unlike the countries where other types of governments exist. Democracy is the best gift to the people of India. The people of the nation must understand the importance of democracy also perform their duties towards the nation as good citizens.

Long Essay on Importance, History as well as Challenges to the Democracy of India (500 – 600 Words)


“Government of the People, by the people, for the people, shall not perish,” A famous quote said by Abraham Lincoln focusing on the power and importance of democracy. Democracy is best explained by this quote. It is explained that democracy is the government that is formed by the citizens of the country, as the public only elects their representative it will be beneficial for the people.

Importance of Democracy

The concept of democracy is of much importance for the growth and development of the nation. This grants the power of electing the representatives of our choice to form the government. The ideas and opinions of every citizen are respected. There can be nothing happier than the freedom provided to do things of our choice.

Democracy ensures the equality for every citizen. All the citizens are equal before the law. People of any religion, either rich or poor if possess the eligibility can contest for elections. Democracy confers fundamental rights and duties for every citizen. There are many responsibilities that are to be handled by the citizens of India and this will mark the progress and growth of our nation.

History of Democracy in India

India before Independence was under British rule. After independence in 1947, it became a democratic nation. The constitution was also laid in 1950. After the country attained democracy, the people of India had been given the power to elect the representative of their choice by giving votes. People were not discriminated against on the basis of caste, creed, and religion. They were free to make the decision information of the government.

Challenges of Democracy

Democracy must be reflected in all sections of society. India is a democratic nation since its independence since 1947. The expectations of some sections of society are still not quenched. There are some factors that disrupt the better functioning of a nation as a democratic nation.

  • Poverty – It is one of the biggest problems in our country. There are many people in India who are deprived of food, clothing and shelter. The political parties during elections offer them money in form of bribe, so that these people may give their valuable votes to the particular political party. It is the poverty which makes people accept the money and keep their decision inside only. The requirement of money is of more importance rather than voting to the right candidate.
  • Illiteracy – Literacy has its enormous importance. It helps an individual in understanding about different issues, programmes and policies inside the nation. People can give their opinions and suggestions on different problems of the country if they are literate and are able to understand well. Most of the people in India are illiterate and therefore it is a great challenge for the democracy of India.
  • Gender Discrimination – India is a male dominant country. There women and girl have to face discrimination. They are deprived of their fundamental rights and education. The preference has always been given to the male child. The increased case of female infanticide clearly depicts this issue. Man and women both should have an equal status in society. The participation of both equally is required for proving democracy.
  • Corruption – This is one of the major causes of disabling the proper functioning of democracy. Corruption can be observed in education, employment, health sectors, industrial sectors, political systems and almost in every aspect. Many politicians win the elections by the corrupt method. They usually capture the polling booths or bribe people to get their votes. This is totally changing the definition of democracy. In this way, public opinion could not be expressed.
  • Criminalization – The person with a criminal background cannot contest for elections. This rule is being totally disapproved by the versatility of people with a criminal background. They stand and win in the election because of their power and wealth. Nobody opposes them as they are dangerous too. This is the way of totally opposing democracy. There must be certain procedures to eliminate these criminal practices.
  • Casteism – The thought of casteism is most prevalent in minds of people. They give their votes also to the parties having members of the same caste. They just cast their votes irrespective of work of the political party. This thinking divides people into small groups with different opinions. It can never contribute to the economic and social growth of society and nation which is disrupting democracy.


The democracy in India is admired by the world. There are still many weaknesses which require improvements for the proper functioning of democracy.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 What is the actual meaning of democracy?

Ans. Democracy refers to the set-up in which the formation of government in a country takes place by the decision of the people directly or indirectly after elections.

Q.2 Why is India the largest democracy?

Ans. India the seventh-largest country in area and second largest in population with developed politics thus holds the honour of the largest democracy in the world.

Q.3 How is democracy beneficial to people?

Ans. Democracy provides equality to all the citizens of a nation without any discrimination, and power to the people to state how and who will govern them.

Q.4 Which is the oldest democracy?

Ans. Tynwald, on the Isle of Man, is regarded as the oldest democracy that has originated in the 9th century.

Q.5 Which country is developed instead of being a non-democratic nation?

Ans. Vatican City regarded as the 18th wealthiest nation according to its GDP per capita of $21,198, is a developed non-democratic nation.

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