Essay on Independence Day of India 2023 (15 August)

India gained independence from the British Empire on 15th august 1947. Hence, the people of India observe that day as Independence Day every year. It is needless to mention that the people have great respect for their nation and celebrate Independence Day with extreme joy and pride.

Short and Long Essay on 15 August 2023 in English

We are giving here some essays on 77th event of Independence day in India. Enjoy these well-worded essays under different words limit given below.

15 August Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) 15 August 1947 is marked as the complete Independence of India.

2) On this day India became free from the rule of the Britishers.

3) Independence Day is observed as a national holiday in India.

4) On this day people commemorate the sacrifice of the people behind the independence.

5) In schools and offices people hoist the national flag and sing the national anthem.

6) Prime Minister of India hoists the flag in the Red Fort on this day.

7) Schools celebrate Independence Day by organizing several cultural programs.

8) Rallies and parades are carried out by paramilitary personnel and police on this day.

9) On this day, patriotic songs resonate in every street.

10) People feel proud and celebrate the day with great enthusiasm.

Essay on Independence Day – Set 1 (250 Words)


Indian Independence Day is observed every year on 15th August. It was on the same day in 1947 that India gained independence from the oppressive British regime. The day is like a festival for the people of India who celebrate it with open hearts.

Festive Grandeur

People of India celebrate Independence Day like a festival with unmatchable grandeur and splendor. It is also a national holiday and normal work in offices and colleges remains suspended. Though, flag hoisting and other events are commonly held at several places. The government has also mandated the presence of employees for the flag hoisting ceremonies in their respective offices.

Flag hoisting is followed by the singing of national anthem and distribution of sweets. People also discuss the talk and speak on the contribution of our great leaders and freedom fighters in the independence struggle.

Independence Day Significance

The Independence of India was gained after nearly 200 years of suppression by the British and our constant struggle against it. Lots of blood was shed innumerable freedom fighters and sons of soil lost their lives in this long battle. The loss that we faced and the pain that our fighters and leaders went through make independence even more valuable. The significance of Independence Day lies in the truth that independence is the greatest asset of a nation and its people.


An independent nation is governed by its own people without any external interference. Independence Day sends a message to the outer world that the people of India cherish their independence and will strongly resist any foreign invasion.

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Essay on Independence Day – Set 2 (300 – 400 Words)


Every year the people of India celebrate the day when they broke free from years of oppression under the British Empire, as Independence Day. It is observed on 15th august as the country gained independence on 15th August 1947.

Observation before Independence

Though India gained independence on 15th August 1947, few of us know that an Independence Day was also observed by the people of India and politicians, before the country gained actual independence.

It all began with the demand for Purna Swaraj or total independence during the 1929 Lahore session of the Indian National Congress. With the signing of “The Declaration of the Independence of India”, during the session, 26th January 1930 was projected to be observed as Independence Day.

The Congress party observed Independence Day on 26th January from 1930 to 1947; though, the celebrations were completely different from what we see today. Then, meetings were held and people were issued instructions on the next move against the British. The main objective of Independence Day before Independence was to instill a feeling of nationalism in Indians to give more strength to the freedom struggle.

Events throughout the Country

The whole country celebrates Independence Day as a national holiday and with unmatchable zeal and devotion. Indians love their country and have immense respect for their freedom fighters that have fought for Independence.

Indian National Flag, the Tricolor is hoisted in every government, non-government offices, schools, colleges and also in market places. There is no restriction on the display of flag unless it violates the Flag Code of India.

School children could be seen marching to the tune of a band playing the national anthem. Parades by the police and paramilitary personnel are also held at district headquarters and police grounds.

In the state capitals, the Chief Minister and the Governor hoist the national flag in their respective offices. The national capital Delhi is at the focal point of the Independence Day celebrations. The serving Prime Minister of India takes guard of honor from the forces after hoisting the flag from Red Fort. Then he addresses the people of the nation and informs them about the strategy and achievements of the government.


Independence Day is the most significant festival in India. It is among the very few festivals that are celebrated by every religious community of India, with the same joy and enthusiasm. It is the day of immense pride for the people of India.

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – Independence Day Essay


15th August is celebrated in India as Independence Day. On this day in 1947, India gained independence from nearly two hundred years of British imperialism. It was both a moment of immense pride and joy for the people of India. Thus, they celebrate Independence Day with religious fervor and enthusiasm.

India Under Colonial Rule – History

India was a group of large and small princely states and kingdoms in the 17th century. Most of the states were wealthy and self-sufficient. Then, the European traders came through the sea route. They gained the confidence of Indian rulers and established a firm hold over the land and trade. Slowly their trading policies became self-centered.

In the mid of 1700s, the interest of British East India Company changed from trading to territorial. It started forcibly subdue kingdoms using military strength. Small kingdoms of India fought for their independence but were no match to the experience and ammunitions of the Company.

The first struggle of a united India against British oppression was the Revolt of 1857. It began as a sepoy mutiny in Meerut which quickly spread to other parts of the country. However, the British were able to curb it in time, taking advantage of the lack of leadership on the Indian side.

Rise of Nationalism and the Call for Swaraj

Even the British were able to contain the revolt; the seeds of nationalism and patriotism were sown in the minds of Indians. Revolt of 1857 did a crucial role in uniting India and bringing the realization to its people that Independence can be won if the country fights united.

Civic societies started emerging throughout India, like the Indian National Congress Party that was formed in 1855, almost three decades after the revolt. Parties and their political patrons did the most important job of uniting India with a single thread of nationalism.

Montagu-Chelmsford Reform, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, Swadeshi movement, non-cooperation movement, salt march all stand testimony to the oppression of Indian people and their fight against it. This was also the time when India started demanding Swaraj or total independence from the British.

Finally, with the efforts of freedom fighters like Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekhar Azad, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and others, India finally gained independence on 15th August 1947.

Celebration of Independence Day in India

Independence Day is observed as a national holiday in India. Most of the offices, either government or private and schools, colleges are closed except for the celebrations.

The country displays the same unity in celebrating Independence Day as it had displayed in the fight for independence. People from different walks of life and from various religious and cultural background celebrate with unparalleled nationalism and patriotism.

Indian national flag, the Tricolor is sold everywhere and people pridefully adorn it on their desks, vehicles and buildings. Flag hoisting is a mandatory event in all the government offices, wherein the head of the office hoist the flag followed by the singing of national anthem – “Jana Gana Mana…”.

Schools and colleges also organize several events in the honor of our freedom fighters and the hardship they went through to gain independence. Children could be seen dressed up as some popular freedom fighters and enacting their famous dialogues, quotes, etc.

The Prime Minister of India also addresses the nation after a flag hoisting ceremony from Red Fort in New Delhi.


Independence Day is the birth of an independent India in which its people could chose for their own fate and decide their own governance. It is an essential day and in fact the most important festival of the people of India.

Essay on Independence Day of India

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Which Independence Day will be celebrated in the year 2023?

Ans. 77th Independence Day will be celebrated in the year 2023.

Q.2 Which countries other than India celebrate their independence day on 15th august?

Ans. North Korea, South Korea, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liechtenstein are the countries other than India that celebrate Independence Day on 15th August.

Q.3 Who designed the National Flag of India?

Ans. Pingali Venkayya designed the National Flag of India.

Q.4 Who was the last governor-general of independent India?

Ans. The last governor-general of Independent India was Shri Rajagopalachari.

Q.5 Who started the Quit India Movement?

Ans. Mahatma Gandhi started the Quit India Movement that was also called as August Movement.

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