Women in our country are subject to various types of restrictions. Although they are excelling in various fields still many of them are uneducated. The women belonging to rural areas have limited access to education. Women's education is very important as it will help in the development of family, society, and nation. These essays may help you to know in detail about the topic.
Short and Long Essays on Women Education in India
Essay 1 (250 Words) - Women Education in India
India is one of the developing countries in the world. There have been many developments and achievements in the country after independence. This has been possible because of the efforts of both men and women. It is proved that the overall development of the country is only possible if both genders are treated equally.
About Women Education in India
Women's education in India is still lacking. Some parts of our country contribute to the highest literacy while others are still lagging behind. The concept of educating a girl child is very important as the girl child grows to be married and a mother too. If she is educated then will take good care of her children and family and help them in decision making. This will contribute to the betterment of society as well as the nation.
In ancient India, women had the liberty of education. Many of them have their contribution in Vedas. Some well-educated women were Great scholars like Gargi and Matreyi (attained Brahmavidya), Urwashi (with her contribution in Rigveda as a poetess), Vijjhikha, Avantisundari, Vikatanitamba (all three had their great work in Sanskrit poetry), and others. The scenario of women's education changed in the medieval period. Women were not allowed to get an education during this period. The situation changed slowly after independence and has improved a lot from that time.
The education of women is hindered in many parts of the country due to the prevailing crimes, dowry problems, no access to schools, and making them do only the household works only. There are several initiatives taken and policies launched by the government for making women's education an important aspect.
There is a need to educate a girl child. There are many fields in which women have proved that they are much better than men.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - Women Education in India: Past and Present Scenario
We all are aware of fact that we have the right to education either male or female. Women's education is important for the progress of our society and nation. Out of the total population of India, women constitute almost half apart. But if we mention their educational status it is not pleasing. In this era, there is much progress seen in the field of women education but it is not sufficient.
Past and Present Scenario of Women Education in India
- Past Status of Women Education
The past comprised of the ancient period and the medieval period. There was the liberty of education to women during the ancient time. Men and women had equal status in society. They performed any of the rituals together. Women during that period were having free access to education. They learned many subjects. Some of the women had gained knowledge up to that extent which conferred them with the title of the rishi. There was no existence of social evils like dowry, female infanticide, domestic violence, child marriage, etc. Both men and women were free to choose their partners for marriage. Widows could remarry during that time.
During the medieval period, the situation of women was worst. They were having their counting with the cattle. They were totally dominated by men. Women were also totally dependent on men for their needs. The social evils like female infanticide, dowry, sati pratha, child remarriage were most prominent during this period. Women did not have an access to education. They were only meant to do the household works and look after their family.
- Present Status of Women Education
There have been a lot of changes after independence. In the 19th century, the status of women's education has improved, but still, it needs to be better. There are different programs and policies launched by the government for making women's education important. Many girl students are encouraged for going to schools and higher education. People themselves understand the need to educate the girl child. Then also the ratio of educated women is much less than men.
There is a need of making women's education important. This is possible only when women are no longer becoming the victims of the social evils in the society and are free from the obstacles in society as well as family. The government has launched many policies and programs for the betterment of women's education. It must be ensured that they are executed in a proper way that maximum people are benefitted.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - Women Education in India: History, Importance and Challenges
Women's education is still of no importance in some parts of India. If we observe the literacy rate of females in India, it is 65.46% according to the 2011 census that is very less than that of men 82%. We need to pay attention to educating women as also have an equal contribution to the development of our nation. According to the thought prevailing in society, women are meant to learn and do all the household work and raise their families.
History of Women Education in India
The women were given the liberty of education in the ancient period. There were a lot of restrictions imposed on women in the medieval period. Women’s had their limitations up to the household works and looking after the family. Girls were not allowed to attend a school or get educated by any means.
The great social reformers like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, and Jyotirao Phule did a lot of effort for the education of women and their betterment during the British rule in India. They realized the pain of women in society. It was a result of their efforts that sati system got abolished. Women's education was improved a lot in the 19th century. People are now aware of educating their girl child. There are a lot of changes we can see in this era. We could every year notice that girl students are giving their best in board exams than boys. Today women are excelling in each and every field. But still, there are many who are deprived of education.
Importance of Women Education
A woman deserves the same status as men in society. It is their right to get educated and live a good life. Education can change women’s unprivileged position in society. If a woman is educated then she will take good care of her family. She will be able to maintain the good health and hygiene of her family. She can teach her children too. An educated woman contributes to the social and economic development of society and the nation.
Challenges to Women Education in India
- Hindering of Education at Different Stages - many girls have to stop their studies in between due to various reasons like marriage, could not afford the money, etc. Some of them could not go for higher studies. There are women who are compelled to leave their education or job after they get married.
- Dowry - Indian Hindu families believe in giving dowry to girl children when they are getting married. Therefore parents do not spend money on their education.
- Crime Activities - Many crime activities like rape, molestation, acid attacks, sexual abuse, and human trafficking, etc are at its extent. Parents do fear sending their children especially girls to other cities for higher studies. This creates a feeling of insecurity.
- Poverty - Girls belonging to a poor family are working somewhere to earn a livelihood for the family. They cannot afford to go to school as they have the responsibility of the family.
- Gender Inequality - Many families focus on educating their son only. Daughters have to learn household works and cooking. This is also leading to the low enrolment of girls in schools.
Government Initiatives for Women Education in India
There are many programs and policies initiated by the government at the national level for improving the status of women's education in India.
- Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao
- Sukanya Smariddhi Yojna
- Balika Smariddhi Yojna
- National Scheme of Incentive to Girls for Secondary Education
- Dhanlakshmi Scheme
Our Own Effort for Women Education
Apart from the initiatives taken by the government, we should also try to understand the importance of women's education. The girl and boy child must be treated equally. We should encourage poor people in our society to educate their children. Many of them are unaware of government schemes. Everything needs a start-up and that must be initiated from our workplace and locality. Girls must be taught various ways of self-defense and speak up for any wrong.
Men and women are two sides of one coin. Women should also enjoy the same right as men and hence it is necessary for both to be educated, in order to make our families, society, and nation prosper.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Jyotiba Phule was the pioneer of women's education in India by starting a school for girls in Pune in 1848.
Ans. The female literacy rate in India is 70.03% in 2020.
Ans. Kerala is the state in India with the highest female literacy rate.
Ans. Rajasthan has the lowest female literacy rate in India.