Essay on Nationalism

Nationalism is an ideology that fosters unity and a sense of responsibility towards the nation, among a group of people. Nationalism plays a significant role in the progress and prosperity of a nation.

Short and Long Essays on Nationalism in English

I have given below three essays of 100 – 120 Words, 250 Words, 500 Words and 600 Words limit on Nationalism, for my readers.

Nationalism Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) A nation’s loyalty and devotion to its citizens may be defined simply as nationalism.

2) Our nation’s unity and integrity are strengthened by nationalism.

3) Nationalism is putting the country above all else.

4) Nationalism was a major component of the Indian independence movement.

5) Nationalism initially sparked several movements and reforms.

6) New nations are built on the basis of nationalism.

7) Nationalism keeps peace, harmony, and cooperation between religious groups.

8) Nations with nationalism are less likely to battle within themselves.

9) Nationalism protects the country from globalization-related stuff like capitalism and colonialism.

10) Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was the nation’s greatest nationalist who integrated the princely states.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – Nationalism and its Types


Nationalism is an ideology that unites the people of a nation, who had the interest of the nation in mind. It is a feeling that fosters unity and encourages people to consider themselves as one unit and inspires them to keep the theory of nation before self.

Important Types of Nationalism

There are several types of nationalism. We will discuss below some important types of nationalism –

  • Civic Nationalism

This form of nationalism represents the political prowess of people. The ideals of civic nationalism are at the core of successful democracies, like America and India, to state few examples.

  • Cultural Nationalism

Cultural nationalism has been described as the nationalism originating from the cultural values of a particular ethnic group. People in a cultural type of nationalism share each other’s cultural values, keeping the overall interest of the nation in mind.

  • Revolutionary Nationalism

The second name of revolutionary nationalism is radical nationalism and it resembles people united for a noble cause or a future destiny in mind. People united to fight external aggression are an example of revolutionary nationalism. Another example is people united to fight against the unjust practices of their own government.

  • Liberal Nationalism

This kind of nationalism infuses liberal values among the citizens and foster mutual respect for the liberty of each other.


Nationalism is fundamental to a nation’s unity and progress. The nation is safe and will progress as long as nationalism fosters among its citizens. It is indeed at the core of the interest of the nation and values by nationalistic citizens.

Essay 2 (400 Words) – Definition and Key Features of Nationalism


Nationalism is an ideology that seeks to foster national interest in every citizen. It encourages them to keep national interest above self. People value national issues more than their own interests, in nationalistic sentiment. In the essay, we will know the true definition of nationalism and its key features as well.

Definition of Nationalism

Nationalism is at the core of any free nation and its governance. In fact, in a true sense, nationalism cannot be separated from independence or self-governance. It is a feeling that encourages people to consider their nation as the epicenter of their existence. They keep national interest at the helm of every activity.

It is also related to freedom. Some believe that nationalism is a state when a particular group of people stays free, away from external influences of any kind.

Key Features of Nationalism

Below are some of the important key features of nationalism –

  • Concept of Oneness

The unity of the masses is at the core of the concept of nationalism. Nationalism and unity are inseparable. For nationalism to exist, people from different backgrounds must be united together. The reverse also holds true, that is if the people are united then nationalism will foster among them, come what may.

  • Accountability

Nationalism develops a sense of responsibility among the people, for others as well as for the nation. The people hold themselves accountable for the state of the nation and its people. This in turn fosters a sense of responsibility that helps in the progress of the nation.

  • Clear Demarcation of Boundaries

Another important feature of nationalism is a clear demarcation of boundaries. Unless the boundaries i.e. limits of a nation are clearly defined, nationalism cannot be feasibly implemented. People need to have a clear picture of what constitutes their own land, for nationalism to foster among them.

  • National Interest at the Core

Another characteristic of nationalism is that it keeps national interest at the core of every activity. Citizens participate in their everyday activities keeping in mind the interest of the nation. Where there is nationalism, there has to the interest of the nation at the apex.


Nationalism is an ideology that must be fostered in the nations at all costs. It helps not only the nations to grow but also keeps them secure and people united. A nation progresses only when nationalism remains at the core of the principles of its people.

Essay on Nationalism

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – Nationalism and its Importance


The word ‘Nationalism’ is used widely whenever there is a need to evoke national sentiments among the masses and to unite them in the national interest. Today, in this essay we will understand the meaning of nationalism and its importance for a nation.

What is Nationalism?

Nationalism could be understood as a sentiment that binds people of land together and compels them to act in the national interest. It is a sentiment that makes people to keep service to the nation over self.

From a larger perspective, it could also be understood as the national sentiment that binds the people of different caste, creed, religion, and culture, together. They stay united to protect their nation from external threats as well as to contribute to its growth.

Nationalism fosters the citizens a responsibility to preserve their national heritage and culture. It encourages the preservation of national values and heritage.

Importance of Nationalism

Nationalism is a very important ideology that helps a nation stay secure and also make consistent progress. When the people of a nation are not united by nationalism, it becomes vulnerable to several threats. Below discussed is some importance of nationalism.

  • Fosters Unity

Nationalism binds the people of a country together. People of different religions, castes, and cultures are bind together for the national interest. They stay united and face any threat to the nation with unity. Nationalism is the ideology that binds the people together, in the national interest.

  • Preserves National Heritage

Nationalism also fosters a sense of accountability among the citizens towards their national heritage. People tend to preserve their culture and values, keeping in mind a larger objective of preserving their national heritage.

  • Keeps National Threats at Bay

Nationalism helps in keeping the external threats outside the country. When people are united for the cause of securing their nation, then no power can intrude into its boundary. National also helps to deal with internal conflicts and law and order situations. People who value nationalism will have fewer instances of religious or other conflicts.

  • Helps in Nation’s Growth

The concept of nationalism helps in the economical and cultural development of a nation. A country where people value nationalism progresses steadily. People understand their responsibility towards the country and fellow citizens; thereby, helping the nation grow.

  • Fosters Democracy

Nationalism plays a crucial role in preserving democratic principles. Democracy is successful only when people are united despite several demographic differences between them. People belonging to different religions and castes take part in the electoral process to form a democratic government that preserves their interests. Nationalism is at the core of democratic governance and its functioning.

  • Strengthen People

Nationalism is also the greatest strength of the people. There have been many revolutions in the history that were fuelled by nationalistic fervor. People who value nationalism are vocal about their own rights and privileges as well as the rights and privileges of others. Nationalism had proved to the game changer when it comes to independence and sovereignty. Many countries including India successfully toppled the colonial governments, only after nationalism was induced in the ideology of its people. India was able to gain complete independence from British Rule after two hundred years, only due to nationalism fostered into its people by political leaders and their movements.


Nationalism plays a significant role in the growth of a nation and its people. It is fundamental to democratic principles and ensures fair and people-centric governance. It also encourages national values and unites people from various backgrounds, for the growth of the nation as well as for it safety.

FAQs: Frequently asked Questions

Q.1 What is nationalism in simple words?

Ans. It is the strong feeling of patriotism and love by the masses for the nation.

Q.2 What is the importance of nationalism?

Ans. The feeling of nationalism promotes unity among the people of a nation.

Q.3 When did nationalism emerge in India?

Ans. The emergence of nationalism in India was in the 19th century.

Q.4 Who was the first nationalist in India?

Ans. The Moderates i.e. a group of political leaders was the first nationalist in India.

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