Indian national flag is also called the Tricolor as it contains three colors – saffron, white and green, respectively from top to bottom. Designed by Pingali Venkayya the flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22nd July 1947. I am giving below three different essays of varying word lengths for my readers.
Short and Long Essays on National Flag of India
Essay 1 (250 Words) - Design and Color of National Flag
The Indian national flag was adopted by the constituent Assembly on 22nd July 1947. Since then it has become the symbol of India’s freedom and independence. The national flag is a matter of pride for the people of India.
Why is National Flag called Tricolor?
The national flag of India is also called the Tricolor because it contains equal-sized, horizontally placed stripes of three colors – saffron, white, and green, respectively from top to bottom.
Saffron represents the courage and sacrifice of the people of India; white represents the mutual trust and harmony between different religious groups of India and green represents the prosperity of India.
The is also a 24 spoke navy blue Ashoka Chakra in the middle of the center white stripe. The chakra represents the eternal wheel of law.
Who Designed the Tricolor?
The Tricolor was designed in its present form by Pingali Venkayya, who was an Indian freedom fighter hailing from the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Venkayya first designed the flag for the Indian national congress in 1931. That flag had a yarn spinning wheel or charkha in the middle; also the colors were white, green, and red.
Later, some modifications to the Venkayya’s flag were made and the spinning wheel was replaced by Ashoka Chakra taken from Ashoka symbol of Sarnath. The red color was also replaced by saffron.
The national flag of India is the pride of the people of India and represents their independence. They defend its honor even by sacrificing their lives.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - Appearance, Representation and Display of National Flag
The Indian national flag in its present form was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22nd July 1947, that is, just a month before Indian gained independence on 15th August 1947. Since then the ‘Tricolor’ has become the symbol of India’s democratic and republic status.
Appearance and Representation
Indian Tricolor is rectangular in shape with a length to breadth ratio of 3:2. That is the length of the flag is 1.5 times that of its breadth. From top to bottom it has three equal, horizontally placed stripes of saffron, white and green colors respectively. At the center of the middle white stripe, there is a 24 spoke Ashoka wheel in navy blue color. Also, the flag should be similar in all respect from both sides.
Each color in the Tricolor has its own significance and represents a specific value. The saffron represents sacrifice, of great leaders and revolutionaries of India; those have sacrificed their lives for the motherland. In a way it also represents their courage and disinterest in worldly affairs and material gains.
The center white portion of the Tricolor represents the peace and harmony between different religious and cultural groups of India.
The green color on the other hand represents the prosperity of soil and vegetation in India. It is symbolic of our relationship with the soil and how the soil of the motherland sustains our lives.
Display of the Flag
The rules and regulations for the display of the Indian national flag are governed by the Flag Code of India 2002. There are many rules dictating the display of the Tricolor in different situations. Let us discuss some of the important rules about the display of the flag.
The Flag Code of India maintains that the tricolor must be hoisted at a prominent location where it gets a clear view. For example – at the center top of a building or at the center of a table, or in front of a moving vehicle, etc.
Another rule states that the Tricolor should be taken down at the sundown and must not be hoisted in darkness. If ever the flag is to be hoisted after sundown, sufficient illumination arrangements must be made.
Tricolor represents the pride and freedom of the people of India and its display is a matter of immense pride and emotion for the people. It is in the best interest of the people of India to respect their national flag and display it with honor.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - History and Significance of Indian National Flag
The National Flag of India is also known as Tricolor due to its color pattern. The Tricolor is a very significant symbol of the Union of India. It represents the unity of the people of India and its sovereign and democratic state. The flag is the pride of the people of India.
History of the Indian National Flag
The Indian national flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22nd July 1947. It must be noted that the Tricolor remained the flag of the Dominion of India between 15th August 1947 and 26th January 1950, and as the flag of the Republic of India, thereafter.
The flag of India in its present state represents a symbol that has evolved through the freedom struggle. History of India is fraught with many revolutions and attempts to out throw the British Empire. Many of such revolutions had their own flags as a symbol of their ideology and whatever cause they were fighting for. These flags represented their patriotism to free their motherland. We will discuss about a few of national flags in the history of Indian independence.
The first national flag of India was hoisted in Calcutta on 7th August 1906. It was also rectangular in shape as its present form with three horizontal stripes of green, yellow and red, respectively from top to bottom. It was called the ‘Vande Matram Flag’ prepared with the objective of uniting the people of India for the Swadeshi Movement.
A major transformation in the Indian National flag came when Mahatma Gandhi expressed a need for one in 1921, in his journal ‘young India.’ He proposed a flag with charkha or the spinning wheel at the center.
Pingali Venkayya was given the task to prepare the flag. The flag had two colors – red representing Hindus and green representing Muslims, with the spinning wheel at the center. But soon this design was modified with a white strip in between, to represent other religions as well.
The flag was further modified with saffron, white, and green colors and adopted by the Indian National Congress as the Swaraj Flag in 1931. The flag had a spinning wheel in the center white portion. The spinning wheel was subsequently replaced by the 24-spoke Ashoka Chakra.
Significance of the Indian National Flag
Indian national flag is the symbol of the independence of the people of India. It holds immense value for them and represents the sovereign, democratic and Republic state of India. It is not only a piece of cloth but an honor that the people love to display or rather adorn with pride.
Tricolor is used as a symbol of the democratic republic of India. Wherever the Tricolor is hoisted, it represents the pride of the people of India. It is displayed in buildings, offices, and during significant national events. During the international events, the display of Tricolor indicates the participation of the people of India.
The Tricolor acts as a binding material that keeps the people of India united, despite their several religious and cultural differences. Muslims, Hindus, Christians, and several other communities identify each other through the Tricolor as a common symbol of unity among them. The flag represents their unity as well as communal harmony between them. The significance of the Indian national flag is incomparable to anything else.
A flag represents the free state of a country and the pride of its people. Tricolor is a symbol that the people of India are free and will remain so till the eternity. Indian population pridefully adorns the Tricolor. It also serves as a warning to other powers of the world that the people of India are going to defend any threat to the nation.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Khadi cloth is used in making the National Flag of India.
Ans. The ratio of length to width of the Indian National Flag is 3:2.
Ans. The National flag was adopted on 22 July 1947 by the constituent assembly of India.
Ans. A spinning wheel was there at the center of the National flag before Chakra.
Ans. The Indian National Flag was depicted on the first stamp of Independent India.