Essay on National Pollution Control Day

National Pollution Control Day is commemorated on the 2ndof December every year in India. The day commemorates those who have lost their lives in the infamous Bhopal gas tragedy that occurred on 2-3rd December 1984.

Short and Long Essay on National Pollution Control Day in English

I have given below three essays of varying lengths such as 120 words, 250 words, 400 words and 600 words on National Pollution Control Day for school and college students in English Language.

National Pollution Control Day Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Every year in India, 2nd December is marked as National Pollution Control Day.

2) This day honors victims of the infamous Bhopal Gas Tragedy.

3) It was 2-3 December 1984, when this tragedy happened in Bhopal.

4) The Bhopal Gas Tragedy was an example of the harmful effect of pollution.

5) This day raises concern regarding the growing pollution.

6) Many awareness camps and campaigns are organized on this day.

7) The National Pollution Control Board is responsible for organizing this day.

8) On this day, many NGOs and government organizations take steps to educate people about the hazards of pollution.

9) Department also conducts inspections in industries on this day for ensuring safety.

10) On this day, many industries organize safety training sessions for their employees.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – National Pollution Control Day and Bhopal Gas Tragedy


Every year on 2nd December, India observes national pollution control day in the memory of all those who lost their lives in the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy. It was one of the worst manmade disasters of all time and affected millions of lives.

Pollution and Tragedy

On the night of 2-3rd December, there occurred a gas leak in Bhopal that had silenced thousands in their sleeps. The gas was poisonous methyl isocyanate (MIC) leaking from a tank in the pesticide production unit of Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL).

Within a matter of hours, the gas had polluted the air and was carried to the nearby residential areas with the wind. Those who couldn’t outrun the air were choked to death. Thousands of others suffer severe respiratory ailments.

The Bhopal gas tragedy was a harsh reminder that man-made pollution could do tremendous damage to the lives of humans.

Importance of the Day

The day brings to fore the most significant issue of pollution that concerns the health of not only humans but also the environment as well. Industrial growth and human activities are inevitable; therefore, there is a need to draw new policies so that no more Bhopal gas tragedy occurs in the future.

Also, people are made aware and educated about taking self-precautionary measures in case of emergencies relating to pollution.


It is for the benefit of the nation and its people to celebrate National Pollution control Day. As more people are made aware there will be fewer lives lost due to pollution.

Essay 2 (400 Words) – Why and How is National Pollution Control Day Observed?


National Pollution Control Day is observed on 2nd December every year to commemorate the victims of the 1984 Bhopal Gas Disaster. It is mainly organized by the National Pollution Control Board, a statutory organization under the Ministry of Environment, forest, and Climate change.

Why is the Day Observed?

The day is observed in the memory of nearly four thousand victims of Bhopal gas tragedy, those lost their lives. It also commemorates thousands of others who were left temporarily or permanently injured due to the effects of the gas.

The incident occurred in a pesticide production plant run by Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL). On that fateful night of 2-3rd December one of the tanks containing toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas, leaked, releasing around 40 tons of the gas in the atmosphere.

Within two to three hours, the gas has traveled by air in the south-west direction, compelling millions to flee. Those who were unable to outrun the gas fell to the ground.

The disaster had caused around four thousand casualties and left around half a million people injured.

Pollution – A Growing Concern

Pollution today is a growing concern for the world. It is not only a concern for India only but the whole world is suffering from several types of pollution. Air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, and others, seriously affect the lives of millions.

Also, the people who are living close to the industrial area are exposed to all types of toxic smoke and gases produced as byproducts. Such pollution seriously degrades the quality of life and makes people sick.


National Pollution control day is widely observed by the relevant government organizations to spread awareness about types of pollution and their impact on life and health.

People living in disaster-prone areas, that is, those living in close vicinity of a chemical plant or a nuclear plant are briefed about the precautionary safety measures to be taken.

Inspections of industries are carried out by concerned departments to ensure that all the safety guidelines have been complied with. Industries with poor maintenance and safety measures are warned or served a notice to stop work immediately.


In the wake of the growing pollution and the damage it could cause to human life and health – National Pollution control Day is a welcome move. The true purpose of the observance will only be served when more and more people are made aware of the pollution and its effects.

Essay on National Pollution Control Day

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – Objectives and Significance of National Pollution Control Day


National Pollution Control Day (India) is observed on 2nd December in memory of all those who have lost their lives in the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy. It was one of the world’s worst industrial disasters, resulting in nearly four thousand casualties.

Bhopal Gas Tragedy

Bhopal Gas Tragedy or the infamous Bhopal disaster occurred during the night of 2-3 December 1984. The incident took place at the pesticide plant in Bhopal, operated by Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL).

The tragedy occurred due to the leak of methyl isocyanate (MIC), which is an extremely poisonous gas. The leak occurred as a consequence of the attempts to maintain pressure in one of the MIC tanks failed. It meant that the 42 tons of MIC gas could not be pumped out of the tank. In addition to that, most of the plant’s safety instruments and pipes were poorly maintained.

By the time senior maintenance officers responded, the pressure in the tank had increased to 50 psi resulting in the bursting of the safety valve and the leak to MIC. Nearly, half a million people in the adjoining areas were affected. The tragedy resulted in nearly 4000 deaths and half a million injuries.

Objectives of National Pollution Control Day

The main objective of National Pollution Control Day is to make the people aware of the pollution and its hazardous effects on health and also the environment.

Government agencies responsible to deal with unprecedented disasters are tested and mock drills held to check their responsiveness. The agencies also held several informative programs to teach people how to save their lives in case of gas leaks or other manmade disasters.

It is also aware of the people on various pollution control steps taken by the government.

How is the Day Celebrated?

Many events are organized by relevant government agencies on National Pollution Control Day. Seminars and discussions are held on topics of natural and human-induced causes of pollution.

People are briefed and made aware of the impacts of pollution on life and methods that should be adopted to eliminate pollution.

Manufacturing industries organize training sessions for the employees in which they are trained about maintaining safety procedures. They are also given guidelines for safety and precautionary measures in case of an emergency.


It is a fact that pollution takes more lives on the planet than any other disease. Today we live in a highly industrialized world where industries are found scattered all over the globe. Often, there are cities and towns in the close vicinity of these industries. Therefore, even small negligence could jeopardize the lives of thousands or even millions as was seen in the case of Bhopal tragedy.

Observance of the National Pollution Control Day is significant as it keeps the authorities on the toe for maintaining the utmost safety procedures as well as issuing timely guidelines to the industries. It gives a single platform to all the government and non-government agencies to address the issue of pollution.

In a broader prospect, the day, not only helps reduce industrial pollution, but also other types such as – air pollution, water pollution and others as well. It is an essential event that generates awareness among the people on as sensitive and as essential an issue of pollution. It helps contain the pollution from all the spheres of human activity.


Observance of the national pollution control day is very important given the fact that pollution every day is increasing at an unprecedented rate. The day must be observed with more involvement from the general public. Also, the government must issue guidelines and strict laws to control pollution.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on National Pollution Control Day

Q.1 Why is National Pollution Control Day celebrated on 2nd December?

Ans. It is celebrated on 2nd December to give tribute to people who died in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy on the same date in 1984.

Q.2 What is the motive behind celebrating the National Pollution Control Day?

Ans. It is celebrated to make people aware of the increasing pollution and its destructing effects.

Q.3 What is the best indicator of air pollution?

Ans. The best indicator of air pollution is Lichens.

Q.4 What is the highest source of air pollution in the world?

Ans. The highest source of air pollution in the world is automobiles.

Q.5 How can we determine the pollution of river water?

Ans. The pollution of river water can be determined by the amount of Oxygen.

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