Essay on Human Rights Day

Several countries around the world celebrate human rights day on 10th December, with the objective of protecting and promoting human rights. It is widely observed with participants from various walks of life. I have given below three essays of varying lengths on Human Rights Day for my readers.

Short and Long Essay on Human Rights Day in English

Here I’m presenting short and long essays on Human Rights Day in different word limits of 120 words, 250 words, 400 words and 600 words for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and class 12 to help them in their studies.

Human Rights Day Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) On 10 December, India along with other countries celebrates Human Rights Day.

2) This day is aimed at protecting the rights of humans.

3) On 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the UN General Assembly.

4) This day ensures that the citizen must enjoy the rights provided to them.

5) This day also aware people of their fundamental rights.

6) The celebration of this day was decided in 1950.

7) In India, many events and activities are held in the capital city.

8) National Human Rights Commission along with other volunteers organizes this day.

9) For spreading awareness among children, many competitions are organized.

10) Many social, political, and human activists make this day successful and worthy.

Essay 1 (250 Words)


Human Rights Day is globally commemorated every year on the 10th of December. It celebrates the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations General Assembly on 10th December 1948. Since then many countries including India, celebrate their National Human Rights Day on 10th December.

Why is Human Rights Day Celebrated?

The main objective of observing human rights day is to protect and promote the human rights of an individual. These rights include- economical, social, fundamental, and other rights that must be given to an individual just because he/she is a human being.

The events of the day are centered on making the people aware of their own human rights. It also seeks to bring a sense of responsibility to the authorities and also to make them accountable for any human rights violation.

Importance of the Event

Despite more and more people getting educated and the progress of the world; there are billions who are oppressed and underprivileged in some way or the other. There are many who don’t equally enjoy the rights and privileges of the majority of us. Many still face discrimination on the basis of their caste, creed, religion, financial background, or ethnicity. Human rights day addresses the concern of such people in society and seeks to bring them to the forefront.


Human rights day is a significant event and must be observed with complete diligence by not only government departments but also by the people from different sections of the society.

Essay 2 (400 Words)


Human rights day is observed globally on 10th December every year. It marks the commemoration of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) by the United Nations General Assembly on 10th December 1948.


Three years after its formation, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ on 10th December 1948. It is a document elaborating on the legal rights of every individual as a human being.

The official recognition and the decision to celebrate human rights day was made in 1950 in the General Assembly’s resolution number 423(V). Since then the Human Rights Day is widely celebrated around the globe.

National Human Rights Commission (India)

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is a public body constituted on 12th October 1993. It is given the responsibility of protection and promotion of human rights in India.

It takes into account any report of human rights violations and is also authorized to seek clarification from relevant authorities. It also recommends necessary policy measures and the implementation of laws to protect human rights.

National Human Rights Commission of India also plays a vital role in organizing the events on Human Rights Day.

Observance in India

The day is observed throughout India by the National Human Rights Commission, volunteers, and other government bodies. The main focus is to spread awareness about the fundamental rights and also the rights given to any human being.

The head office of NHRC is located in New Delhi and so the events in the capital city are big and significant. The functions are attended by senior politicians and bureaucrats. The exchange their views on human rights and also brief about the government’s initiative in this regard.

Several competitive events like painting competitions, essay writing are also organized for the children. The theme is selected so as to spread awareness in the children about human rights.

Participation in the events isn’t only limited to the NHRC and political parties but also members from all sections of society and several government departments participate with zeal.


India is a country which has the concept of human rights in its core. Never in history, has India ever tried to subjugate others on the basis of culture, religion, or other factors. People of India respect human rights and are also pledged to protect them. Human rights are the basic rights that a human must be entitled to for the simple reason of just being a human.

Essay on Human Rights Day

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words)


Human Rights Day is celebrated every year on 10th December throughout the world. The day aims for addressing human rights issues. Conferences, debates, and discussions are held as well as significant laws protecting human rights are also proposed and implemented.

Human Rights Day – History

Human Rights Day commemorates the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations General Assembly on 10th December 1948. The United Nations General Assembly in 1950 had passed a resolution 423(V). In the resolution, it had called for all the member states to observe 10th December as Human Rights Day. After its establishment in 1945, this was one of the very first things that the United Nations did after its establishment.

The resolution for Human Rights Day was adopted with 48 states in favor and eight being absent.


The starting observations of Human Rights Day were a success. The popularity of the day could only be ascertained from the fact that the commemorative human rights stamps, sold by the United Nations Postal Department in 1952, received 200, 000 advance orders.

The day is observed today, in different parts of the world, with participants from politics, social work, and human rights activists. The primary aim is to discuss human rights and also make the people aware of it.

The poor and oppressed sections of the society who are more vulnerable to human rights violations are addressed. Several human rights organizations chart out constructive operational plans to ensure that every issue of human rights violation is addressed.

Dates around the Globe

Though the human rights day is widely observed throughout the globe on 10th December; some of the nations have a slight variation in the dates.

For example, in the United States, a human rights week is observed, beginning on 9th December. The week was proclaimed in a 2001 presidential order issued by the then-President George W. Bush.

Another example is that of South Africa, where the human rights day is observed on 21st March instead of 10th December. The date was chosen to commemorate the 1960 Sharpeville Massacre and its victims. The massacre took place on 21st March 1960 as a protest against the apartheid regime in South Africa.

The Republic of Kiribati located in the central Pacific Ocean observes human rights day on 11th December.


Human rights are the privileges that must be provided to every individual as a part of his/her normal day to day life. These may be understood as the fundamental rights to which every human is entitled. There isn’t any discrimination of any kind based on culture, skin color, religion, or what so ever. Human rights are equally applicable to all humans on the planet.

Sadly, despite the awareness about human rights, many incidents of human rights violations are also reported from across the world. The majority of those vulnerable to the violations are from the poor and deprived section of society. Factors like poverty and illiteracy force them at the mercy of others well to do and wealthy individuals. Therefore, it is very necessary to observe a day such as ‘Human Rights Day’ to raise the issue of these human rights violations and also to make more and more people aware of their own rights and privileges as human beings.


Observations like the human rights day not only protect the rights of individuals as humans but also help make the society equal and unbiased. It is very necessary for us to realize that as humans we need to protect each other’s rights. It is only if we respect human rights that we grow as a society.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Human Rights Day

Q.1 What are human rights?

Ans. Human rights are the fundamental rights and freedom that every individual has on this earth.

Q.2 When is Human Rights Day celebrated?

Ans. Human Rights Day is celebrated every year on the 10th of December.

Q.3 When was the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted?

Ans. The Universal Declaration of Human rights was adopted on 10 December 1948.

Q.4 How many countries are the members of the Commission on Human Rights?

Ans. 53 countries are members of the Commission on Human Rights.

Q.5 What is the motive of celebrating Human Rights Day?

Ans. This day is celebrated to make people aware of their rights and protect them from being violated.

Q.6 How many human rights are there?

Ans. There are 30 human rights that belong to us.

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