Constitution Day is observed on 26th November every year. It is observed to commemorate the adoption of the constitution by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26th November 1949.
Short and Long Essay on Indian Constitution Day in English
I am giving below three essays of varying lengths such as 120 words, 250 words, 400 words and 600 words on the Constitution Day of India.
Indian Constitution Day Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)
1) In India 26 November is celebrated as National Constitution Day.
2) This day marks the adoption of the Indian Constitution.
3) On 26 November 2015, the first National Constitution Day was observed in India.
4) On the 25th birth anniversary of B.R Ambedkar, the observance of this day was announced.
5) This day highlights the importance of the constitution in India.
6) This day also honors great personalities like B.R Ambedkar, who drafted the constitution.
7) The constitution of India was accepted officially on 26 November 1949.
8) The idea of celebrating National Constitution Day was given by PM Narendra Modi.
9) Many government departments celebrate this day by organizing different events.
10) Schools also highlight this day by conducting various competitions among students.
Constitution Day of India: History – Essay 1 (250 Words)
Constitution Day in India is widely known on the 26thof November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India on the same date in 1949. It was first observed in the year 2015 and since then is regularly celebrated each year.
Constitution Day of India – History
The Constitution Day of India was first observed in the year 2015 which also marked the 125th birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. The contribution of Dr. Ambedkar in drafting the constitution of India was unparalleled to anyone else. He was also the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee. His tremendous hard work in the drafting of the constitution has also earned him the sobriquet ‘Father of the Constitution’.
Hence the government of India took a historic decision in November 2015 to celebrate Constitution Day every year on 26th November. An official gazette notification in this regard was released on 19th November 2015.
Importance of Constitution Day
Constitution Day is celebrated to commemorate the adoption of the Indian constitution by the Constituent Assembly. The constitution is the supreme governing document for the people of India; hence, it holds much significance.
Also by celebrating the constitution day, the people and children, not only realize the importance of the constitution but also remember stalwarts like B.R. Ambedkar and others.
The decision to celebrate Constitution Day was a welcoming decision by the Government of India. It not only commemorates the adoption of the constitution but also honors those who were involved in the laborious task of drafting it.
Why is Constitution Day Celebrated – Essay 2 (400 Words)
India commemorates constitution Day on 26th November annually. It commemorates the adoption of the Constitution of India post-independence, by the Constituent Assembly. The Constitution of India is the fundamental governing document for the people of India.
Why is Constitution Day Celebrated?
On 26th November 1949, the Constituent Assembly officially adopted the Constitution of India. It was presented by the Chairman of drafting Committee Mr. B.R. Ambedkar to President Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 25th November 1949 but the same was adopted on 26th November 1949. Though the constitution came into effect on 26th January 1950 (Republic Day); it is to celebrate its adoption that Constitution Day is observed on 26th November.
Constitution Day of India – Background
The thought of observing a Constitution Day in India was the brainchild of Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. The year 2015 marked the 125th birth anniversary of the father of the constitution – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. The then NDA (National Democratic Alliance) Government, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, wanted to celebrate the occasion in a big way. Subsequently, several events were held throughout the country as a part of the year-long observance.
It was during one of such events in Mumbai while laying stone for Ambedkar memorial in October, which the Prime Minister announced that 26th November will be observed as the Constitution Day. Hence an official gazette was released by the government on 19th November, declaring 26th November as the Constitution Day.
First National Constitution Day Celebration
The first constitution day of India was celebrated widely by many government departments and schools. Department of Education had issued directives to the schools mandating the reading of preamble of the constitution, by the children.
Essay competitions were held on the subjects of the constitution of India. These competitions were held in both online and offline platforms. Many universities across the country had organized mock parliamentary debates.
Even the Indian schools operating abroad were issued directives by the Ministry of External Affairs for observing Constitution Day on 26th November. Embassies were also given the responsibility of translating the copy of the Constitution in local languages and distributing them in libraries and other relevant places.
Celebrating Constitution Day connects us to our very fundamental roots and let us realize the value of the Constitution that governs the country. It must be celebrated with unparalleled zeal and enthusiasm from all sections of the society, not just only by the government departments.
Indian Constitution Day: Observance and Significance – Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words)
Constitution Day of India is observed on 26th November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution on 26th November 1947 by the Constituent Assembly of India.
Constitution of India
The Constitution of India is the final governing document for the Republic of India. It defines the powers vested in the government institutions and also the fundamental rights and duties of the citizens.
When the British left India on 15th August 1947, there was formed a Constituent Assembly with the responsibility of drafting a Constitution for the Dominion of India.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the appointed Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee. It took three years after independence to draft the Constitution, which was presented to the President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 26th November 1949. It is to commemorate the same day i.e. 26th November 1949, when the Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly, we celebrate the Constitution Day.
Institution of the Indian Constitution Day
The official gazette declaring 26th November to be observed as the Constitution Day was released on 19th November 2015. The declaration for the same had been made by the Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi while was laying the foundation stone for Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s Statue of Equality in Mumbai in October, the same year.
2015 was the year of 125th birth anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar, whose contribution to drafting the constitution was unparalleled. Mr. Modi thought that announcing an annual celebration of Constitution Day will not only honor Dr. Ambedkar but also let people know his work and the importance of the Constitution.
Though it is widely observed in government offices throughout the country; Constitution Day is not observed as a holiday. The first Constitution Day was also extensively observed in schools and offices.
Children are told about the constitution and what does it contain. They are also briefed about the importance of the constitution for establishing India as an independent, socialist, and democratic Republic. Several essays and drawing competitions are held to involve children and enhance knowledge about the country and its history.
In offices, commemoratory events are held in which Dr. Ambedkar is felicitated for his exceptional role in drafting the constitution. Officials pledge their allegiance with the Constitution and vow to follow it in word and spirit.
The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of the world and functions as the ultimate governing document for the Republic of India. It lays the guidelines for the functioning of three pillars of the democracy – Legislature, Judiciary, and the Executive.
It also enshrines the fundamental rights and privileges of the citizens of India. When people of India celebrate Constitution Day, they better understand the constitution and its importance. They also get to know the people who were in the drafting committee that drafted the constitution.
The efforts of the leaders, drafting committee members, and freedom fighters are more recognized and the people of India develop more respect for them as well as the institutions of India.
It brings an opportunity to brief the children about the principle governing document of the country, which is the constitution. It is after all in the hands of the children of today to uphold the dignity of the constitution and hence the nation when they grow up. As long as the people of India know and follow the constitution, the country will progress and prosper.
Constitution Day must be celebrated with complete involvement from all the sections of the society. The observance must not only be restricted to government offices and schools but also must be celebrated by common citizens from all walks of life as well.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on National Constitution Day
Ans. Sachchidananda Sinha presided over the first meeting of the Indian constitution assembly.
Ans. The constituent assembly of India started working in 1946.
Ans. Prem Behari Narain Raizada wrote the original constitution of India.
Ans. The first amendment was made in the Indian constitution in 1951.
Ans. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.