Essay on National Festivals of India

There are three main national festivals celebrated in India, they are, Independence Day (15th August), Republic Day (26th January), and Gandhi Jayanti (2nd October).

Short and Long Essays on National Festivals of India in English

I am giving below three different essays of different word lengths like 100 – 120 Words, 250 Words, 500 Words and 600 Words on ‘National festivals of India’ for my readers.

National Festivals of India Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Our country India is renowned for its festivals and religions.

2) In India, three festivals are considered national festivals.

3) Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti, and Republic Day are the three of India’s National festivals.

4) Republic Day is observed annually on the 26th of January.

5) Independence Day in India falls on the 15th of August every year.

6) The last national festival Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on the 2nd of October.

7) India observes national holidays at the national festivals.

8) We Indians are proud to celebrate the occasion of national festivals.

9) India’s national festivals unify the entire nation as a whole.

10) All the citizens of India celebrate national festivals with great zeal and enthusiasm.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – Indian National Festivals


There are three major national festivals celebrated in India. In this essay we will discuss the meaning of national festivals and how should we celebrate them.

What are National Festivals?

We all know that India is a land of festivals. It is said that every day a festival is celebrated in some part of the country, but these festivals are either religion centric or region-centric, that is they are only observed by people belonging to a particular region or religion.

National festivals on the other hand are those festivals that are celebrated by everyone. Every state, every Union Territory, state and central governments, etc celebrate them. People of different religions – Hindus, Muslims, Christians, and all, celebrate these festivals together. They forget their differences and celebrate these festivals with unity.

There are three main national festivals celebrated in India – Independence Day on 15th August; Republic Day on 26th January and Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October.

How to Celebrate National Festivals

National festivals must be celebrated with unity and harmony. Pride for the nation and our values must be at the center of activities. National Flag and heritage must be preserved and respected. Children must be told about the significance of national festivals and the reason why they are celebrated.


National festivals are the backbone of democracy. They unite people and foster nationalism and patriotism among them. It is in the larger interest of the nation that these festivals be celebrated with unprecedented zeal by people from varied religions and cultures.

Essay 2 (400 Words) – National Festivals of India and their Importance


National festivals are the ones that are celebrated by the people of all the religion, culture, and state together, with unity. People from different religions and places celebrate these festivals with loyalty to the nation in their hearts. There are three main national festivals of India that we will know in this essay.

Three Main National Festivals of India

Though there are thousands of religious and cultural festivals celebrated in India, but they are only celebrated in a particular region by some close groups. National festivals, on the other hand, are celebrated by all the religious and cultural communities of India. These festivals are celebrated by everyone with just nationalism and patriotism in their hearts. There are three national festivals celebrated every year in India. They are the Independence Day celebrated on 15th August; Republic Day celebrated on 26th January and Gandhi Jayanti celebrated on 2nd October.

Why are National Festivals Important

India is a diverse country with four major religions, different cultures, and hundreds of ethnic languages. People live in such diverse circumstances, yet they live in unity and harmony. The people of India, despite their differences, understand the significance of unity and freedom.

The national festivals reinstate the sense of nationalism, togetherness, and patriotism, in the people, year after year. This is in fact the most important significance of national festivals. They infuse a sense of unity and belongingness in everyone. Celebrating national festivals reaffirms the faith of people in their motherland and its heritage. The festivals also encourage the masses to promote unity as a prerequisite of democracy and growth.

Also, the festivals let people face to face with the glorious past of their country and people who have given their blood for independence. The people recognize their freedom fighters and acknowledge their sacrifice. People adorn the national flag with pride and sing the national anthem. They talk and discuss about the rich cultural heritage of the land and the importance of unity. These festivals are an occasion to remember the great freedom fighters of India and honor them.


National festivals reinstate the philosophy of ‘unity in diversity’ which is very important for a diverse land as India. These festivals are of immense importance and play a vital role in making India a thriving democracy; perhaps the largest in the world. It is our duty as the citizens of India to celebrate national festivals with enthusiasm and patriotic zeal.

Essay on National Festivals of India

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – What are Important National Festivals and Significance


India is a diverse country with many religions and cultures living together. Every religious and cultural group has its own festivals, but there are few festivals of national significance that are celebrated together by everyone, beyond the differences of religion, caste, or region. These festivals are the national festivals and are celebrated with a patriotic and nationalistic zeal for the country. In this essay, we will know about important national festivals of India and their importance.

Some Important National Festivals

There are three major national festivals of India, celebrated with unparalleled zeal and enthusiasm. These festivals are celebrated throughout the length and breadth of India; therefore, they are called national festivals. We will go briefly through each of them, one by one below –

  • Independence Day

People of India celebrate Independence Day on 15th August, to commemorate the Independence of the nation that occurred on 15th August 1947. The British that have ruled India for over two centuries finally scuttled leaving the fate of Indian people in their own hands.

People of India value their freedom more than anything and that is a reason why they celebrate Independence Day, together with unprecedented patriotism and unity.

  • Republic Day

Republic Day of India is celebrated on 26th January to commemorate the day when India became a Republic, in which the real power is held by the people themselves. Though India gained independence on 15th August 1947, it became a Republic after around two and a half years, when the Constitution was adopted.

The Constituent Assembly adopted the constitution of India on 26th January 1950, thereby, completing India’s transition from a dominion to Republic. This day is celebrated as Republic Day, throughout India, by its entire people, irrespective of their caste creed and religion.

  • Gandhi Jayanti

Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter and a mass leader. His contribution to India’s freedom struggle was unprecedented. In fact, he was the harbinger of several revolutionary activities. His policy of truth and non-violence had charmed the world and is still relevant in today’s context. People loved him, respected him, and followed his every word. He was given the title of ‘father of the nation’, due to his popularity with the masses.

People throughout India celebrate his birthday on 2nd October every year as Gandhi Jayanti.

Importance of National Festivals

India is a country with diverse landscapes, cultures, and religions. There are several ethnic groups found within a range of 50 miles or so. Every state or the Union Territory has its own separate culture, cuisine, language, etc. It wouldn’t be wrong to say that India is like a union of several small countries (in this case the states and UTs) with their own culture and languages.

In such a diverse scenario, national festivals become important because they do the important job of uniting the people, fostering unity and nationalism in them. Only when the people of India stay united, omitting their differences, the nation will progress and stay safe.

Moreover, the national festivals let the people, mostly the young generation, to connect with their motherland’s glorious past and the great freedom fighters and leaders. They know about the past and value freedom and unity, understanding that unity is the prerequisite for freedom. Only when we are united, we are free. If we were not united, we would probably still have been a governed colony.


National festivals of India are significant events; those must enjoy full participation of the citizens. They are an occasion to enjoy but also to introspect the past and value independence and democracy. They are also an occasion to remember the great freedom fighters and political leaders of India.

FAQs: Frequently asked Questions

Q.1 Why is meant by national festivals?

Ans. National festivals are one that is celebrated by all the people of the nation.

Q.2 Why do we celebrate national festivals?

Ans. We celebrate the national festivals to pay tribute to all the great Indian leaders and freedom fighters for their sacrifice for the nation.

Q.3 What is the significance of celebrating national festivals in India?

Ans. National festivals inculcate the feeling of patriotism among all the people of India.

Q.4 Is there a national holiday on national festivals in India?

Ans. Yes, the government of India has declared national holidays on national festivals.

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