Essay on India

India is the land of diversities. There is diversity in religion, culture, race, language, festivals, climate, and biodiversity. In spite of these differences, the people of India live with the spirit of togetherness.

Short and Long Essays on India in English

These essays on the topic will help you to understand better about India.

India Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) In the world, India is ranked as the seventh-largest country.

2) India is situated in the Asian continent as considered the second largest.

3) India shares its border with Nepal, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Myanmar.

4) People from different countries visit India to enjoy its beauty.

5) India was ruled by the British for a long time and got independence on 15 August 1947.

6) India has 28 states and 8 Union Territories with Delhi it’s capital.

7) Tiger is the national animal and the peacock is the national bird of India.

8) Traditionally women wear Saree and men wear Dhoti-Kurta in India.

9) India is a very populated country that ranks second in the world.

10) India is a mixture of diverse cultures and religions.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – India: Specific Attributes


India is a country located in south-Asia and it is the second-largest country in the Asian continent. India ranks as the seventh-largest country in the whole world. India is surrounded by the Indian Ocean on the South, the Arabian ocean on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east. The neighbouring countries are Pakistan (towards West), China, Nepal and Bhutan (towards North), and Bangladesh and Myanmar (towards East).

Specific Attributes of India

People of India speak different languages, follow different religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Islam, and Christianity. The National flag of India is tricoloured with Ashok chakra in middle. Each colour has a specific significance. The Saffron colour at the top signifies Strength, White in the middle signifies Peace, and Green colour signifies Growth and Fertility. The national animal and national bird of India are ‘Tiger’ and ‘Peacock’ respectively.

India is a blessed nation with different kinds of natural resources and minerals. This nation is the birthplace of many great scholars, scientists, reformers, saints and incarnations of God. Taj Mahal in India is a monument that is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. There are many historical monuments in India like Qutub Minar, Red Fort, India Gate, Hawa Mahal etc. It cannot be denied that India is bestowed upon with beautiful landscapes. These landscapes and monuments are famous tourist spots.


India is a country of “Unity in Diversity”. The people of the country have love and respect for different religions, cultures, and festivals.

Essay 2 (400 Words) – India: A Democratic Country


India was said to be the “The Golden Bird” and it is totally true it is a land blessed with several natural resources, minerals and the unbounded beauty of the landscapes. India is a country that is known for its distinct cultures and traditions. These cultures and traditions are being followed since ancient times. The culture varies as the different parts of the country exhibit different cultures. The stone carving on the caves and manuscripts gives a great idea about our culture. The great epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana have their origin in form of manuscripts. India is also popularly called Bharat.

India: A Democratic Country

The country India is a secular democratic nation. There is a parliamentary type of government where the President is only the nominal head of the country however Prime Minister becomes the real head. All the powers are conferred on the Prime Minister.

In this country, people are having the right to elect their own representative. The freedom of speech, to live, to speak any language and follow any religion is enjoyed by the people of India. The citizens of the nation are having all the basic rights.

Villages: as Strength of India

Villages depict the picture of real India. More than 60% population of India resides in our villages. Many people although they are living in cities but have their main origin from villages. They come out for education and better opportunities. The farmers are the real pride of our country. They do a lot of labour to grow crops. The entire nation is getting food to eat because of our farmers who are continuously working hard in the fields.

The culture we have is being followed from ancient times. It is carried on from generation to generation. The vast Indian culture and traditions are best depicted by the Villages of India. People living in villages perform different rituals which have a connection with their ancestors. There are different festivals celebrated by the people of the village according to the tradition. They wear traditional Indian attire like sari and dhoti kurta.

The economy of India is greatly dependent on the agricultural sector. People visiting India from other countries as tourists become fascinated by our culture. They also wear dresses which are worn by people of India.


India has been a land of several freedom fighters like Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Mahatma Gandhi, Pt. Jawaharlal Lal Nehru, etc. Their sacrifices and deeds in making our country an independent nation are speechless.

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – India: Attire, Foods, Climatic Conditions and a Nation with Mega Biodiversity


India is a developing nation. It ranks second in the whole world according to its population. It is the seventh-largest nation in terms of area. The country is known in the whole world for its cultural diversity. India consists of 28 states and 8 Union territories.

It is a nation blessed with varied climatic conditions and resource abundance. India is known for its beautiful architectural monuments which are the main attraction point for tourists from worldwide. One of the beautiful Indian monuments “Taj Mahal” is included among the Seven Wonders of the World.

Indian Attire

There are various kinds of dresses worn by people in different parts of India. The main traditional dress of India can be described as: a long 5-6 metre cloth called saree is the attire of Indian women. We can observe that women’s in different regions wear saree in a different ways. A long piece of cloth tied as Dhoti and kurta is the attire of Indian men.

Saree for Women and Dhoti-kurta for men is the traditional attire of India, but the clothes worn by people of different regions in India differs. The people living in hilly areas usually wear a woollen dress and long coats. The women’s cover their head by a scarf.

Variety of Food in India

There are different kinds of food recipes served in different regions of India. It is because of the varied climatic conditions, soil composition and texture in different parts of India. It is not necessary that everywhere in India rice can be grown. Thus, the food recipe depends upon the availability of the crops grown in that particular region.

There are many fruits also grow well in certain climatic conditions. Example- Apples grow well in a cold climate. Indian food is spicy and tasty. People use the local spices grown by them to add a taste to the food.

Climatic Conditions in India

India experiences varied climatic conditions. It is the country which is blessed by six types of seasons. The northern areas of India have a colder climate. The southern part is having a tropical climate. The winters are cold and summers are hotter.

India as a Birthplace of Great Saints

India is laden with feelings of spirituality from ancient times. Many great saints were born in this country. They enriched us with spirituality and moral teachings. Some names are Saint Ravidas, Sant Kabir Das also great Indian poet, Guru Nanak, Sai baba. Their teachings emphasized worshipping one god and living with peace and harmony.

There are many poems of Kabir Das in form of Kabir Ke Dohe, which gives us principles and moral lessons of life.

India: A Nation with Mega Biodiversity

India is rich in its biodiversity. It provides a home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. The pleasant climatic conditions and geographic location of the country make this nation suitable for supporting the variety of plants and animals.

The wide range of biodiversity makes India as one of the mega biodiversity nations among 17 mega bio-diverse countries. The Himalayas, Western Ghats, Indo-Burma region are the biodiversity hotspots in India.

India with an Abundance of Minerals and Beautiful Landscapes

The mother earth of India is rich in mineral deposits. There are various minerals found in larger quantities. India has been the largest producer of mica according to data in 2012. Bauxite, iron ore, aluminium, and coal also found in larger quantities.

The north-eastern part of India is bestowed with landscapes of immense beauty. The beautiful valleys of the Himalayas, Kashmir called the “Paradise on Earth”, Nainital, Shimla, are some of the beautiful places in India. The temples of south India are magnificent. Anyone of us will be charmed by the beauty of these places. These places are signified by their own culture, dressing, language, food and festivals.


India’s different regions exhibit a unique culture. There are different types of art and forms of music observed in different parts of India.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 What is the origin of the word India?

Ans. The word India has been derived from the name of the river Sindhu (Indus).

Q.2 What is the oldest name of India?

Ans. The oldest name of India was Jambudvipa which means Berry Island.

Q.3 How old is the country India?

Ans. India is about 250000 years old.

Q.4 Which river is stated as the national river of India?

Ans. Ganga River is the national river of India.

Q.5 What is the highest civilian award in India?

Ans. It is Bharat Ratna.

Q.6 Which monument of India is listed in the Seven Wonders of the World?

Ans. Taj Mahal is a beautiful monument in India that is listed in Seven Wonders of the World.

Q.7 What is the name of the first satellite of India?

Ans. Aryabhata is the name of the first satellite of India.

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