Essay on Why Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August

Everyone in this world wants independence because no one wants to be slave ever. At this point, imagine a country who was slave for more than hundreds years. This country is none other than India. After serving under the harsh colonial rule, the country got independence and this independence is not less than any celebration. On August 15, India marks its Independence Day. To know more about this important date and this celebration, let us talk today about Why Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August.

Why Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August Essay

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Why Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on Independence Day.

10 Lines Essay on Why Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August (100 – 120 Words)

1) Independence Day of India is observed on 15 August.

2) It commemorates the nation’s freedom from British rule on August 15, 1947.

3) It is a reminder of the sacrifices made by countless freedom fighters.

4) The day begins with the Prime Minister hoisting the national flag at the Red Fort.

5) Parades are held in different states, showcasing the country’s rich cultural diversity.

6) Schools and colleges organize programs where students perform patriotic songs, dances, and skits.

7) Many buildings, public spaces, and homes are decorated with the national flag.

8) Mountbatten chose August 15 since it was Japan’s second surrender anniversary.

9) This Day teaches younger generations the value of independence and the sacrifices of their ancestors.

10) Celebrating Independence Day fosters a sense of patriotism and love for the nation.

Short Essay on Why Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August (250 – 300 Words)


India’s fight for freedom from British rule is a significant part of the country’s past. Every year on 15 August, India celebrates Independence Day with great joy and enthusiasm. India’s past is full of rebellions and uprisings against Britishers. The 15th of August shows how determined, united, and strong the Indian people were in their fight for freedom and self-rule.

Celebrations of Independence Day

India has big celebrations every year on August 15 to show off its rich cultural history, diversity, and successes. The Prime Minister raises the country’s flag at the Red Fort. All over the country, parades, cultural programs, and other events are held to remember the sacrifices made by freedom fighters and pay tribute to their strong will.

Why 15 August is Independence Day?

British Parliament freed India after years of struggle. Louis Mountbatten, the last British governor-general of India, was ordered by Parliament to surrender powers to India by June 30, 1948. Mountbatten transferred control to India on August 15, 1947 officially. Mountbatten picked August 15 because it is the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender. Since then Independence Day is celebrated in India on 15 August every year to commemorate the country’s freedom from British colonial rule.


Independence Day not only celebrates freedom, but it is also a time to think about how far the country has come since it became independent. India’s Independence Day is a happy and important holiday that reminds people of the value of freedom, the spirit of being strong, and the power of being together.

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Long Essay on Why Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August (500 Words)


India’s fight for freedom took many years and involved many protests, movements, and sacrifices. Leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, and many more were very important in getting people together and leading the fight against British colonial rule. During the struggle, there were both nonviolent and violent protests, with the goal of gaining full independence from British rule.

Independence Day of India

Independence Day, celebrated on 15th August every year, is one of the most significant days in Indian history. It marks the day when India attained freedom from British rule after a long and hard struggle. This day holds great importance as it symbolizes the sacrifices made by countless freedom fighters who fought relentlessly for the nation’s independence. On this day, the entire nation comes together to celebrate the spirit of freedom and pays tribute to the leaders who led the country towards a new era of independence. The day is filled with various patriotic festivities, including flag hoisting ceremonies, parades, cultural events, and speeches that reflect the spirit of unity and pride in the country’s achievements.

Importance of Independence Day

Independence Day in India is a day of immense significance as it marks the country’s freedom from British colonial rule. It remembers the brave leaders and freedom fighters who risked their lives to fight for the rights and freedoms of their fellow citizens. Independence Day is a time to remember how strong the Indian people are, how united they are, and how determined they are to get through hard times. It is a day to honor the people who had a big impact on the country’s past. Independence Day is a time to celebrate the victory of the human spirit and to remember how important it is to keep our hardly earned freedom.

Why Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August

On January 26, 1929, Congress President Jawaharlal Nehru called for “Poorna Swaraj,” which means full freedom from British colonial rule. This was the first Independence Day. It was celebrated by the Congress party from 1930 until on January 26, 1950 when it came to be known as Republic Day. After fighting for years, the Indians finally got rid of the British rule. The British parliament told Lord Mountbatten that he had to give India freedom by June 30, 1948. Mountbatten was the last governor-general of India. Indian freedom fighters protested against the delay of independence. Mountbatten did not wanted fights or violence so he gave India its freedom on August 15, 1947 to mark the two-year anniversary of Japan’s surrender.


The 15th of August has a special place in the hearts of every Indian. It represents the day when colonial rule ended and a new era of freedom and self-government started. This day reminds us of the battles, sacrifices, and hopes of those who worked hard to make sure India had a better future. It is a day to celebrate the spirit of patriotism, unity, and the ideals that make our country great.

I hope the above provided essay on Why Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August will be helpful in understanding the importance of this special day.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Why Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August

Q.1 Who are some unsung heroes of freedom struggle of India?

Ans. Some unsung heroes of freedom struggle are Peer Ali Khan, Jhalkari Bai, Kamala Das, Birsa Munda, Khudiram Bose, Matangini Hazra, Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, etc.

Q.2 Which food is associated with Independence Day?

Ans. Boondi and namkeen is associated with Independence Day.

Q.3 Who was India’s first Prime Minister after it became independent?

Ans. Jawaharlal Nehru, a prominent leader in India’s independence movement, became the first Prime Minister of independent India.

Q.4 Who designed the national flag of India?

Ans. The national flag of India was designed by Pingali Venkayya, an Indian freedom fighter, in 1921.

Q.5 What makes India’s independence unique?

Ans. India’s independence is unique due to the fact that it was achieved through a non-violent struggle rather than armed rebellion. This approach became an influential example for many other nations seeking independence.