Essay on National Science Day

In India, National Science Day is widely known on 28th February every year to commemorate the discovery of ‘Raman Effect’ by great physicist, Sir C.V. Raman on 28th February 1928. Here I have shared below some easily written essays on National Science Day for my readers. You can go through these to have more knowledge about the event in an easy way and less time.

Short and Long Essay on National Science Day in English

Short and long essays on National Science Day are given below in different word limits for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 in very easy language.

National Science Day Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Every Year on 28 February, India observes National Science Day.

2) This day commemorates the discovery of the “Raman Effect” on 28 February 1928.

3) Dr. CV Raman discovered the ‘Raman Effect’ and received Nobel Prize in 1930.

4) National Science Day is observed at the request of the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC).

5) Schools celebrated this day by organizing various events related to science.

6) This day holds an important place in engineering and science colleges.

7) On this day, the government also distributes awards and prizes to science enthusiasts.

8) In 1987, India celebrated the first National Science Day.

9) This day also promotes the importance of science in our daily life.

10) The day also encourages people to contribute more to scientific research.

Essay 1 (250 Words)


National Science Day is observed in India on 28th February every year to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ by Sir C.V. Raman in 1928. Sir C.V. Raman also received the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics for this discovery.

Why the Day is Celebrated?

On 28th February 1928, one of the greatest Indian physicists, Sir C.V. Raman announced his novel discovery on the scattering of light, which came to be known as the ‘Raman Effect’. It was a very important discovery that earned him a Nobel Prize in 1930.

The National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) requested the Government of India in 1986 to observe 28th February as National Science Day.

How is National Science Day Celebrated?

National Science Day is widely observed throughout India. Schools and colleges participate with extreme zeal and enthusiasm. Mainly in engineering and science colleges, exhibitions are held and students discuss the development and use of science and technology.

Government also hands out commemoratory awards and monetary prizes to the individuals and organizations involved in the promotion of science and technology in some way or the other.


National Science Day promotes science and technology and its feasibility in our daily life. It also encourages scientists, writers, students, and others who are involved in the promotion of science and technology.


National Science Day must be observed with the same diligence every year. It should not be limited only to the science fraternity but also must have participants from various walks of life.

Essay 2 (400 Words)


India celebrates National Science Day on 28th February to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ by a great Indian scientist Dr. Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman or C.V. Raman. He had invented the Raman Effect on 28th February 1928.

Raman Effect – A Great Discovery

Raman Effect was an important discovery in the field of scattering of light. The discovery states that when the light traverses through a transparent object some of it gets dispersed and the dispersed light changes its wavelength and amplitude, though slightly. The discovery was made by Sir C.V. Raman on 26th February 1928. He was also awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics for this important discovery. It is to commemorate Sir C.V. Raman and his discovery, the ‘Raman Effect’ that we celebrate National Science Day.

National Science Day – History

The first National Science Day was celebrated in 1987. Nearly six decades after Sir C.V. Raman made the important discovery, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC), requested the government in 1986, to designate February 28th as the National Science Day. Hence, beginning from 1987, National Science Day is observed every year in Indian schools, colleges, universities, and other relevant places.

Special Events/Activities

One of the main events of the day includes ‘National Science Popularization Awards’ handed over to the people and also institutions for outstanding contribution in the field of science or for the popularization of science and communication.

Several activities like debates, talk shows, science exhibitions, etc. are held to celebrate National Science Day.


Celebration of the National Science Day is very important in the way that it promotes the institution of science and its implementation in our daily lives. It also encourages the people, scientists, writers, etc. who are doing the commendable job of promoting and researching science.

It provides a platform for the scientific fraternity to interact with the people as well as the government and inform them about the usefulness of science and possible expanse of its growth. Science presents limitless possibilities of growth and makes day to day living more comfortable and convenient.


National Science Day not only commemorates a great Indian scientist and one of his great discoveries but also promotes science as a part of our everyday living. When the approach of the society becomes scientific in every aspect – growth and prosperity will follow as the outcome. Therefore, the day must be observed with full support from the government and concerned departments.

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words)


National Science Day is commemorated on 28th February every year in India. It marks the day of a significant discovery made by a great Indian scientist Dr. C.V. Raman. It is widely celebrated in schools and colleges as well as by the scientific fraternity and the government.

The Reason behind the Celebration

National Science Day commemorates the discovery of a phenomenon of light scattering by Dr. C.V. Raman. This effect came to be known as the ‘Raman Effect’. The discovery was made by Dr. C.V. Raman and one of his students named K.S. Krishnan on 28th February 1928.

Raman Effect was a significant discovery in the field of light scattering. It establishes that when the light traverses through a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes amplitude and wavelength.

The discovery made him the first non-white Indian to be conferred with the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.


National Science Day is widely celebrated in India on 28th February. It is observed in schools, colleges, and universities across the country. Events are also widely covered in print and electronic media – newspapers, radio, television, social media, etc. Every year a theme is decided and the events are centered on that theme.

Awards are handed over to the individuals and institutions for making science popular in India. Science fairs and exhibitions are held to promote science and innovations. Also, books and journals on science and technology are published and promoted.

Monetary awards are also handed over to individuals and institutions involved in promoting science.


The main objective of the day is to promote science and encourage people to adopt scientific methods in daily use, so as to make their lives convenient and comfortable.

It seeks to project science as a tool of development and welfare of the masses and humanity as a whole. It is also very significant in promoting and commemorating the efforts of an individual in the field of science.

Young scientists, inventors, writers are awarded and felicitated to keep up their good work. All in all the main objective of National Science Day is to encourage people related to science and technology and to promote science in whatever way possible.


Every year a theme is decided for celebrating National Science Day. Theme plays a significant role in the celebration of events. Themes of some of the years are given below-

Theme of 1999 – Our changing earth

Theme of 2000 – Recreating interest in basic science

Theme of 2001 –Information technology for science education

Theme of 2002 – Wealth from waste

Theme of 2003 – 50 years of DNA and 25 years of IVF-The blue print of life

Theme of 2004 –Encouraging scientific awareness in community

Theme of 2005 – Celebrating physics

Theme of 2006 – Nurture nature for our future

Theme of 2007 – More crop per drop

Theme of 2008 –Understanding the planet earth

Theme of 2009 – Expanding horizons of science

Theme of 2010 – Gender equality, science & technology for sustainable development.

Theme of 2011 – Chemistry in daily life

Theme of 2012 – Clean energy options and nuclear safety

Theme of 2013 – Genetically modified crops and food safety

Theme of 2014 – Fostering science temper

Theme of 2015 – Science for nation-building

Theme of 2016 – Scientific issues for the development of the nation

Theme of 2017 – Science and technology for specially-abled persons

Theme of 2018 – Science and technology for a sustainable future

Theme of 2019 – Science for the people, and the people for the science

Theme of 2020 – Women in science


National Science Day is a significant event that commemorates a great scientist and also promotes science and technology for a better future of India.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on National Science Day

Q.1 Who is regarded as the “Father of Modern Science”?

Ans. Galileo Galilei is considered the “Father of Modern Science”.

Q.2 What is India Science Award?

Ans. India Science Award is one of the highest national honors awarded by the government of India for outstanding contribution to science.

Q.3 Which is the oldest branch of science?

Ans. Astronomy is the oldest branch of science.

Q.4 When science was introduced as a subject in India?

Ans. In India, Science was introduced as a subject in 1953.

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