Essay on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Diwas

Every year on 6th December, India celebrates Mahaparinirvan Diwas to commemorate the death anniversary of the father of the Constitution – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. I am giving below three essays of different word lengths on Dr. Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Diwas, for my readers.

Short and Long Essay on Bhimrao Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Diwas in English

Here I’m presenting short and long essays on Bhimrao Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Diwas in different word limits of 120 words, 250 words, 400 words and 600 words for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 with easy language so that every student can understand these essays properly.

Bhimrao Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Diwas Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Mahaparinirvan Diwas is the death anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

2) Every year India observes this day on 6 December.

3) He was a great leader who is also known as the ‘Father of the constitution’.

4) On this day, many special events are organized in Maharashtra and Delhi.

5) Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar played an important role in shaping democratic India.

6) On this day, people commemorate his contribution and offer tribute to him.

7) Mahaparinirvan Diwas is observed in every locality to respect Babasaheb.

8) Many political leaders offer flowers to the statue of Babasaheb.

9) Many leaders give speeches on this day, highlighting the contribution of Dr. Ambedkar.

10) Mahaparinirvan Diwas honors the greatest social reformer and political figure born in India.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – Observation and Importance of Mahaparinirvan Diwas


Mahaparinirvan Diwas is celebrated on 6th December to commemorate the death anniversary of B.R. Ambedkar, also known as Babasaheb. He was a social activist, politician, and economist whose contribution in shaping up the future of independent and democratic India was unprecedented.


The day is widely observed in the political and social circles of India. Being the chief architect of the constitution, Dr. Ambedkar holds a place of respect and dignity among the masses and the political fraternity as well. Several commemoratory events are held throughout the country in memory of Dr. Ambedkar. Special events are held at Chaitya Bhoomi in Mumbai, Maharashtra where he was cremated. National capital Delhi also holds several events on the day. These events are attended by senior political leaders, bureaucrats, and others.

Importance of Mahaparinirvan Diwas

Celebrating Mahaparinirvan Diwas makes us as well as the future generation about the works of Babasaheb. The more we know about him the more we start respecting him.

It is very important that we recognize the vision of Babasaheb and strive for the equal and just society as he had envisioned. All in all, the celebrations play a significant role in maintains the communal harmony among the masses, as they remember and acknowledge the vision and thoughts of Babasaheb.


Although Mahaparinirvan Diwas is a commemoratory event, it is more for self-improvement than anything else. It teaches us to raise our voice against discrimination of any kind and also inspire us to make India an equal and integrated society.

Essay 2 (400 Words) – Mahaparinirvan: Nirvana after Death


Mahaparinirvan Diwas is observed in India on 6th December to commemorate the death anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar; an economist, politician, and social activist who fought for the rights of Dalits, women and oppressed. He was also the main architect of the Constitution of India, earning him the sobriquet ‘Father of the constitution’.

Mahaparinirvan – Nirvana after Death

To protest against the discrimination meted out to the lower castes, Dalits of India, by the upper caste, Dr. Ambedkar had converted to Buddhism along with thousands of his followers on 14th October 1956, at Nagpur in Maharashtra. Buddhism explains ‘Nirvana’ as a spiritual process attained by someone who has been released from the cycle of birth and karma, due to his Nobel deeds in human form. Therefore, after his death, Dr. Ambedkar’s followers celebrate his death anniversary as ‘Mahaparinirvan Diwas’, in his honor.

How is Mahaparinirvan Diwas Celebrated?

Unlike Ambedkar Jayanti observed on 14th April, Mahaparinirvan Diwas is not a public holiday; though, some state governments may declare a holiday at their own discretion. The day is observed in schools and public offices throughout the country, but especially in the state of Maharashtra. Chaitya Bhoomi in Mumbai where Dr. Ambedkar was cremated is the main center of events. Commemoratory events are held in cities and towns of India, where statues of Dr. Ambedkar are felicitated by paying floral tribute. Politicians across the party lines take part in the events and talk about the life and achievements of Dr. Ambedkar.

Significance of Mahaparinirvan Diwas

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was one of those rare personalities who played multiple roles, all of them significant in building the future of India and the Indian society as well. The status that Dalits enjoy today in India is only because he had painfully fought for them. Not only Dalits, but he also fought for the rights of anyone who was denied equal treatment. His good work didn’t stop here and he was also the main architect of the Constitution of India. The equality, fundamental rights, and the privileges that we enjoy today, have are all due to Babasaheb only.


It is very necessary that Mahaparinirvan Diwas is observed with complete devotion and with more participation from people from all sections of India. The future generation must be informed about the works of Dr. Ambedkar and how his vision has shaped the future of the world’s largest democracies.

Essay on Bhimrao Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Diwas

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – Mahaparinirvan Diwas and Babasaheb


Mahaparinirvan Diwas is observed on 6th December in India on the occasion of the death anniversary of Bharat Ratna Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. Mahaparinirvan Diwas is observed throughout India with religious reverence in some places.

Why is Mahaparinirvan Diwas Celebrated?

Mahaparinirvan Diwas is celebrated every year in India on 6th December. On the same day in 1956, one of India’s greatest social activist and political figures, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar breathed his last after a prolonged illness. He was flown to Mumbai and cremated at Dadar Chowpaty beach on 7th December, in the presence of half a million admirers. Today, that place is known as Chaitya Bhoomi and is one of the main centers of activities on Mahaparinirvan Diwas.

Babasaheb Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar – A Social Reformer

B.R. Ambedkar is a name that commands respect from all the sections of Indian society. He was respected and still is looked upon with much honor, by the higher castes as well as the lower caste of India. Born on 14th April 1891, in a poor low caste family at Mhow in present-day Madhya Pradesh; though, they were originally from Ratnagiri in Maharashtra.

Coming from a low caste, Dr. Ambedkar as a kid had faced severe discrimination at school and society as well. At school, there was a separate arrangement for lower-caste students and they were not even allowed to drink water from the same container, meant for the upper caste children.

The discrimination faced by him during his childhood might have molded his thoughts and shaped his personality. The boy grew up to become one of the greatest champions of Dalit rights, ever born on Indian soil. But, in the true sense, he was a champion of equality. He fought for the rights of not even Dalits, but also women, children, poor or any other oppressed person as well, irrespective of caste or class.

Mahaparinirvan Diwas Celebrations

Mahaparinirvan Diwas is widely observed in India, mainly by the people of the Dalit community. Special commemoratory events are held at significant places like Chaitya Bhoomi, Parliament, etc.

1) At Chaitya Bhoomi, Mumbai, Maharashtra

Chaitya Bhoomi is located in Mumbai Maharashtra and is the place where Babasaheb was cremated. That place is now turned into a Dr. Ambedkar memorial. Unlike any other memorial in the country, Chaitya Bhoomi is a place of reverence mainly for the lower caste as well as the Buddhists.

On Mahaparinirvan Diwas, millions throng to the place where special events are held, for almost a full week. The state government makes special arrangements for the transportation and convenience of the visitors. Several Buddhist gurus also visit Chaitya Bhoomi to interact with the masses.

2) At other Places

Special commemoratory events are held at several places, throughout the country. Every political party takes part in the events. Speeches are given and statues of Babasaheb are felicitated. Similar commemoratory events are held in New Delhi. Senior leaders, ministers, and bureaucrats take part in the events organized in memory of Dr. Ambedkar.

The statue of Dr. Ambedkar located in the Parliament house is felicitated. Prime Minister, senior cabinet ministers along with leaders of the opposition, pay floral tribute to Dr. Ambedkar’s statue. People from throughout the country tweet their views on how big a social activist, Dr. Ambedkar was. It is also common for the President and Prime Minister to address the people on this occasion.


Mahaparinirvan Diwas is a significant occasion that commemorates one of the greatest social activists and political figures, ever born on Indian soil. It is very important that the day be observed with religious reverence by the people of the country.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Bhimrao Ambedkar Mahaparinirvan Diwas

Q.1 What is Mahaparinirvan Diwas?

Ans. The death anniversary of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar on 6th December is celebrated as Mahaparinirvan Diwas in India.

Q.2 Where was Dr. B. R. Ambedkar born?

Ans. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was born in Mhow town of Madhya Pradesh in India.

Q.3 Which magazine was published by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar?

Ans. The weekly magazine ‘Mooknayak’ was published by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar in 1920.

Q.4 What is the name of the autobiography of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar?

Ans. ‘Waiting for a Visa’ was the name of the autobiography of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.

Q.5 What was Bahishkrit Hitkarni Sabha?

Ans. It was the name of the society founded by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar for the welfare of Dalits.

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