Essay on Bhai Dooj

Bhai Dooj

Bhai Dooj, one of the most awaited festivals of sisters. They eagerly wait for two occasions, one is Raksha Bandhan and the other one is Bhai Dooj. It is an occasion in which sisters pray for the betterment of their brothers.

Essay on How I Celebrated Diwali || Paragraph on Dev Deepavali

Short and Long Essays on Bhai Dooj/Bhai Dooj/Yama Dwitiya/Bhai Tika in English

Get here some well-written essays of 100 – 150 Words, 250 Words, 500 Words and 600 Words limit in a very easy language to have a better knowledge of this Hindu Festival.

Bhai Dooj Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Two days after Diwali, we celebrate Bhai Dooj.

2) Besides Bhai dooj, it’s also called Bhaubeej, Bhai Tika, and Bhai phonta.

3) Aarti is performed by sisters on their brothers’ foreheads by applying tika or tilak.

4) In a fable, Lord Krishna is said to have visited his sister on this precious day. 

5) This is the end of celebrations for Diwali.

6) On this day, Yamraj is said to have visited Yamuna (his sister).

7) In Nepal, Bhai Dooj is just as popular as it is in India.

8) It is represented by the name Bhai Tika in Nepal.

9) The festival of Bhai Dooj can be described as a family reunion celebration.

10) Every year, sisters pray for their brothers’ well-being, progress, and success on Bhai Dooj.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – The Story Behind Bhai Dooj Celebration


Bhai Dooj, a festival which I really like a lot, actually I get gifts from my brothers. It is a festival of love, protection, and to strengthen the bondage of a brother and sister. It is celebrated every year after 2 days of Diwali. We also called this day ‘Yam Dwitiya’.

The Story behind Celebrating Bhai Dooj

There are many stories famous for the celebration of Bhai Dooj/Bhai Dooj/Yama Dwitiya/Bhai Tika , one of them is:

Yam and Yamuna were the two children of Surya and once upon a time Yamuna invited his brother at home for having a meal with her. But Yam refused in the beginning due to his busy schedule but further realized that he should go because her sister has invited him with lots of love.

Finally, he visited her and she welcomed him and also applied tilak on his forehead. Yam really felt happy with her hospitality and asked her to make a wish. Then the Yamuna said that whosoever will visit his sister on this day will not be afraid of death. Then, her brother happily said ‘Tathastu’ and this is the reason that we celebrate Bhai Dooj.


There are different festivals celebrated in India and each of them has its own Importance. Some of them are for celebrating and some for strengthening the bonds. We are built-in lots of relations; a man can be a son, a brother, husband, father, etc. All of us celebrate different occasions for their betterment.

Essay 2 (400 Words) – Celebration and Mythological Beliefs of Bhai Dooj


We celebrate different festivals and all of them are different from each other. Some are famous for its lights whereas some are famous for its colours. There are also festivals for siblings and one of them is Bhai Dooj. This festival is celebrated all over India on the second day of Diwali. It has different names in the different parts of the nation.

How and When Bhai Dooj is Celebrated

It is Diwali which is followed by 4 more festivals so Diwali is also known as five days festival. Actually, all of the other festivals have different historical importance but they come just one after another coincidentally. And we celebrate a continuous 5 days festival mostly in the month of October or November.

Kartika month is considered as an auspicious month in the Indian calendar and most of its days are auspicious. Similarly, there is a day naming Yam Dwitiya which is observed on the 2nd of Kartika month in Shukla Paksha. This day is celebrated as Bhai Dooj.

On this day sisters invite their brothers and make different and delicious recipes for them and also apply tilak. People in different parts of the nation apply different types of tilak. Some of them apply Roli (a red colour powder), Kumkum, Chandan, Haldi, Kajal, etc. And brothers also give some gifts to their sisters. In this way, they enjoy the whole day together and celebrate this occasion.

Mythological Beliefs of Bhai Dooj

When Lord Krishna defeated Narakasura, he visited his sister Subhadra. She welcomed him and also applied the vijay tilak on the occasion of defeating the daemon. She made different food items and served him and Lord Krishna also liked her hospitality.

Another story is about Surya Dev, he had a daughter and a son. They were Yamuna and Yama and after Yamuna’s marriage, once she wished his brother to visit her because it was very long since he visited her. In the beginning, Yama declined but after some time he realized and visited her. The Yamuna was very happy and she welcomed his brother by putting a tilak and also made different food items as well as sweets for him. Yama got happy and asked her sister to wish a gift. She was so happy on his arrival that she only asked his brother to bless this auspicious day. So, whoever will put tilak on his brother’s forehead will be safe from death.


The day got famous for the sweet bond of siblings and their love and every year people celebrate this occasion of Bhai Dooj. India is all about mythological beliefs and stories but in other terms, it is also good because it gives us a chance to meet our near and dear ones at least once in a year.

Essay on Bhai Dooj

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – The Historic Importance of Bhai Dooj


‘Bhai Dooj’ the name itself tells a lot about the day, there is something special for brothers. Actually, it is a day when sisters pray for their brothers and wish for their long life and better health. It is a bit similar to Raksha Bandhan and it normally falls in the month of October and November. It is celebrated in India every year.

Correct Day to Celebrate Bhai Dooj

All festivals have their own historical benefits and Bhai Dooj is also celebrated on a special day. It is celebrated on the 2nd of Shukla paksha in the month of Kartik as per the Hindu calendar. Every year, we celebrate this occasion on the same day depending on the shubh muhurta. The correct muhurta is very necessary for celebrating any occasion because it gives an accurate time for a special ceremony.

How Bhai Dooj is Celebrated in Different Parts of the Nation

Apart from India, it is also celebrated in Nepal. It has different names in different parts of India but all of them have the same importance. I have mentioned some of them below;

  • Bhai Dooj in Nepal

It has been named as ‘Bhai Tika’ in Nepal. On this occasion, sisters apply tilak on bhai’s forehead and pray for their long life. Brothers in return also bring some gifts and celebrate this occasion. It is observed as one of the biggest festivals in Nepal after Dussehra.

  • Bhai Dooj in Bengal

It is observed every year after 2 days of Kali pooja (Diwali) in West Bengal. This state is also famous for its variety of sweet dishes and other recipes. That makes this occasion more special. Sisters prepare different types of food for their brothers and enjoy this event. They also apply tilak on their forehead and celebrate this occasion. It is known as ‘Bhai Phonta’ in Bengal.

  • Bhai Dooj in Andhra Pradesh

In Andhra, Bhai Dooj is known as ‘Bhagini Hastha Bhojanam’ and it is celebrated on the 2nd day of Kartika Masa, which is the 2nd day of Diwali. Also known as Yam Dwitiya and is celebrated with the same belief as in North India.

  • Bhai Dooj in Maharashtra

It is also one of the famous festivals of Maharashtra and it is known as ‘Bhau Beej’ over there. Every year on the same day sisters perform some ritual for their brothers and pray for them.

Similarly, it is celebrated in the entire nation with different names like Bhav Bij, Bhatru Dviteeya, Bharti Ditya, etc.

The Yama and Yamuna Story of Bhai Dooj

There is a famous story behind celebrating this occasion. It is a belief that Lord Sun had two children Yama and Yamuna and both were twins but soon their mother Devi Sangya left them to gain knowledge like their father. She kept her shadow for her children and her name was Chhaya. Chhaya also gave birth to a son whose name was Shani but his father did not like him.

As a result, Chhaya threw both the twins away from her home. Both parted and slowly when time passed once Yamuna called his brother to visit her, as she really wanted to meet him after a long time. And when Yama the God of death, visited her she happily welcomed him.

He felt really happy in her hospitality; she also put tilak on his forehead and cooked delicious food for him. He felt happy and asked her as if she wanted anything, then she wished to bless that day so that sisters could spend time with brothers. And those sisters who will put tilak on his brother’s forehead, the death God will not bother them. Yama agreed and said ok; as a result every year on this day sister never fails to celebrate this occasion with their brothers.


All of us just need an excuse to change our daily routine and our festivals provide us valid excuses. So, we should definitely celebrate a festival and should also encourage others. This is helpful in various ways, first, it gives you a break from your daily routine, also helps you to know the historical importance of the day and save our rich cultural and social heritage.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 When do we celebrate the festival of Bhai Dooj?

Ans. The festival of Bhai Dooj is celebrated after two days of Diwali celebration.

Q.2 Which festival resembles the festival of Bhai Dooj?

Ans. Raksha Bandhan is the festival that resembles the festival of Bhai Dooj.

Q.3 What rituals are performed by sisters in Bhai Dooj?

Ans. The sisters keep fast, apply tilak on the forehead of their brothers, perform aarti, and pray for the long and happy life of their brothers.

Q.4 What is Bhai Dooj festival called in southern India?

Ans. The Bhai Dooj festival is called Yama Dwitiya in southern India.

Q.5 Where do sisters apply seven colored tilak on Bhai Dooj?

Ans. The sisters apply seven-colored tilak on the forehead of their brother’s on Bhai Dooj in Nepal.

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