Essay on Chhath Puja

Chhath puja is one of the biggest festivals in north India and is specially celebrated in two states. People living far from their motherland also celebrate this festival where they live, so nowadays it can also be seen across the world. Bihar is very famous for Chhath puja.

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Short and Long Essays on Chhath Puja in English

Find here some essays of 100 – 120 Words, 250 Words, 500 Words and 600 Words on the topic to get benefited:

Chhath Puja Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) According to the Hindu calendar, Chhath Puja is observed on Shukla Paksha of Kartik.

2) Chhath Puja is an important festival in UP and Bihar state of India.

3) During this Puja people observe three days fast.

4) People worship Chhati Mata to seek her blessings.

5) The rules of performing this fast are very tough.

6) Khasta and Thekua are the two main Prasad of this puja.

7) Chhath Puja is organized in the bank of river or water bodies.

8) During this puja, the rising sun and setting sun is worshipped.

9) It is believed that all wishes of people are fulfilled who observe this fast.

10) People wait every year for this puja and celebrate the day with great joy.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – Chhath Puja: A Hindu Festival


Chhath puja is one of the most important festivals of UP and Bihar which lies in the North-East part of India. It is celebrated in the Shukla paksha, 6th of Kartika (a Hindu month). It is an auspicious occasion and is celebrated every year. In this puja, people keep fast for 3 days. It can be done by either male or female. Who so ever wants to fulfill their wish they pray to Chhati Mata.

An Occasion of Faith

There is a belief that Chhati Mata fulfills all the wishes of the person who accepts this fast. It is celebrated on the 6th of Kartika so it is known as Chhath which means 6th. There is also a belief that Lord Surya had a sister naming Chhath Mata, so people pray Lord Surya to impress his sister.

People keep this fast and fulfill their wishes and nowadays people across the world can be seen celebrating this festival. People have a lot of beliefs for this special occasion and there are many rules and restrictions that should be followed while performing this fast.

These rules are very tough still people follow them with joy on their faces. They don’t eat for 3 days still they have smiling faces. Really it is a festival of faith that helps them to keep fast for these many days.


There are many festivals celebrated in India and each of them has a different belief. Similarly, Chhath puja is one of them. This is celebrated on the 6th day after Diwali every year and we feel glad to take part in this occasion.

Essay 2 (400 Words) – Why Chhath Puja is Celebrated?


October and November are the festival months in India. There are many continuous festivals celebrated in between and one of them is Chhath puja. It is celebrated just after Diwali, as Diwali is celebrated on the Amavasya of Kartika (a Hindu month). And Diwali is followed by many festivals starting from Dhanteras, Naraka Chaturdashi, Diwali (Lakshmi Puja), Govardhan Puja, Bhai Dooj, Tulsi Vivah, and then comes the 6th day with Chhath puja.

Why Chhath Puja is Celebrated?

There are many beliefs for celebrating this auspicious occasion. The very first one is;

There was a King Priyavrat who had no children and once a kid was born, but he was born dead. As a result, the king took the child in his arms to the crematorium, but his grief was also killing him at the same time. Suddenly a devkanya appears and she asks the king to pray the goddess Shashti because she can help him. She was Devsena, daughter of God and she herself was the goddess Shashti. The king followed Devsena and finally, he had a son and, in this way, keeping this fast and puja got famous.

There is another belief that when Lord Rama and Goddess Sita returned after 14 years of exile. They also performed this puja.

Following the same tradition, people love offering prayers and keep fast on this day and celebrate this occasion.

Most Fascinating thing About Chhath Puja

It is a traditional festival and the traditional prasad which is specially cooked on this occasion is one of the best ones. People love eating Khasta and Thekua which are the two main Prasad of this occasion.

It seems like a very big festival because all the family members celebrate it together, they help each other in the preparations. One should wear clean and fresh clothes on these three days and the main thing is you cannot eat the prasad until the puja is finished i.e. after three days.

Lots of people gather near a river, pond, or a lake, to celebrate this occasion and I love being its part. Really it is an amazing experience and one of the most awaited festivals.


Festivals add happiness in our life so, should be celebrated with lots of enthusiasm. Every year we repeat the same festivals still we eagerly wait for it. We plan and have lots of shopping and happily celebrate a festival. Actually, the entire nation celebrates a festival and share some happy moments with their family and friend. Chhath Puja is also one of them.

Essay on Chhath Puja

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – Chhath Puja: My Favourite Festival


Festivals are the reasons to smile again, to have some shopping, some change in our wardrobe, some change in our drawing-room, etc. Festivals bring a lot of work as well as joy together. We celebrate different festivals in the entire year. Similarly, there is a festival naming Chhath puja and it is celebrated on the 6th day after Diwali.

What is Chhath Puja?

It is a festival that is specially celebrated in northeast India in the states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, some parts of Assam, West Bengal, etc. Nowadays people move to different states for livelihood as a result it can be seen in the entire nation. Even North Indians living abroad also celebrate this puja.

In this puja, people pray Lord Sun to impress his sister Chhath Mata. They keep fast for 3 days and offer prayers. They worship the rising sun as well as the setting sun every day and celebrate this festival.

Chhath Puja is My Favourite Festival

I love this festival very much because every year we visit our native place where my grandparents live, my cousins also visit them to take part in this occasion. My grandmother, aunt, and my mother every year keep fast for 3 days and it does not look as if they are hungry.

They sing traditional devotional songs, make maha prasad and we also help them, by arranging mango wood sticks for preparing the maha prasad. The maha prasad is cooked separately on a handmade stove. We enjoy three days, we are actually free these days to do anything, I play with my cousins and we visit Ghats to offer prayer with other ladies. Really it is an amazing experience and I wait for this festival every year.

Stories behind Celebrating Chhath Puja

There are many stories behind celebrating this occasion; I have mentioned some of them below;

  • It is a belief that when the Pandavas lost everything, it was Draupadi who performed this fast and was blessed with everything.
  • The Surya Putra Karna also use to offer prayers to Lord Surya and as a result, he learned those useful lessons.
  • Ramji and Sita Ji also kept fast for 3 days and prayed Chhath Mata when they returned from exile.
  • There was a King whose name was Priyavrat and he was very disappointed because he had no kids. Then, it was Maharshi who performed a Yagya and asked the king to give the Yagya’s kheer to his wife. Her wife ate that but when they had their child, it was born dead. The king got totally disappointed, when he visited the crematorium for the last ride of his son, he also wanted to kill himself. Suddenly a woman came, she was Devsena also known as Shasti or Chhati, and asked the king to pray Chhath Mata, instead of killing himself. He just thought to give the last chance. Soon he was blessed with a boy and was really happy in his life.

Why People Pray Chhath Mata?

Chhath Mata blesses people with prosperity, money, children, everything. She fulfills all of our wishes and blesses her devotees. People have a very strong belief, that’s why every year they celebrate this occasion very sincerely. She fills our life with joy and happiness which all of us love.

When people see others happy after performing this puja, they also wish to celebrate this occasion from the next year and this is another reason why it is getting so popular these days.


Our festivals are based on some historical events and they matter a lot for us. We pray to different Gods and Goddesses and wish for our betterment and celebrate an occasion. Chhath puja is also one of the most traditional festivals of north India and the new generation should really learn the rituals and follow our traditions.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 When is Chhath pooja celebrated?

Ans. Chhath pooja is celebrated 6 days after Diwali on Kartik Shukla Shashthi.

Q.2 How many days of the festival is Chhath pooja?

Ans. Chhath pooja is a four-days festival.

Q.3 Which God is worshipped by people on Chhath pooja?

Ans. Lord Surya and Chhathi Maiya are worshipped by people on Chhath pooja.

Q.4 What is the first day of Chhatha pooja called?

Ans. The first day of Chhath pooja is called ‘Nahay-khay’.

Q.5 What are the women who fast on Chhath pooja called?

Ans. The women who fast on Chhath pooja are called ‘parvaitin’.

Q.6 How many hours of fasting are observed by the worshipers in Chhath pooja?

Ans. The worshipers observe 36 hours of fasting in Chhath pooja.

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