Bhagat Singh was a young revolutionary who sacrificed his life at a very young age fighting for the independence of mother India. Though his ways might have been violent sometimes, nevertheless, his love for the nation was unquestionable. I am giving below three essays of varying word lengths on Bhagat Singh for my readers.
Short and Long Essays on Bhagat Singh
Essay 1 (250 Words) - Revolutionary Activities of Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh was a freedom fighter who was executed when he was only 23. By far he is the youngest revolutionary sacrificing his life for the freedom of mother India. His nationalism and patriotic zeal had no parallels.
At a very young age, Bhagat Singh was involved in many revolutionary activities. He got associated with the Hindustan Republican Association and formed Naujawan Bharat Sabha. Both were revolutionary organizations working for an armed rebellion against the British government.
Bhagat Singh was involved in the murder of a probationary police officer John Saunders in December 1928, to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai following injuries sustained in police action.
Later Bhagat Singh with his companion Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb in the Assembly on 8th April 1929, to protest against the atrocities of British Rule. Their intention was only to raise their voices and no one was hurt.
Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt were arrested and trialed in assembly bombing as well as Lahore conspiracy case (Saunders murder) and were sentenced to death in the latter.
Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were hanged on 23rd March 1931, a day before the decided date. Their bodies were secretly burnt and ashes were thrown in the Sutlej River. The last riots were so secretly carried out that no one except the jail authorities was present.
The defiant patriotism and sacrifice of Bhagat Singh for the motherland can never be forgotten and will always linger in the mind and soul of every Indian.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - Bhagat Singh and His Struggle for Freedom of India
Bhagat Singh is a popular name in India. He was a great freedom fighter recognized for his courage. He was also the youngest Indian freedom fighter hanged at a young age of 23. He enjoys the status of a hero among Indian youths and Diaspora.
Bhagat Singh’s Legacy
Bhagat Singh belonged to a family of freedom fighters and patriots. His father, grandfather, and uncles were associated with Ghadar Movement, which was a movement mostly by Punjabis to out throw the British from India.
His family disapproved of any kind of association with the British Government and actively participated in freedom movements. Birth of Bhagat Singh was lucky for his family as his father and two uncles were released from prison the same day he was born.
Patriotism and courage ran in the blood of Bhagat Singh. Today he is celebrated as a hero, someone like a war hero who is remembered for his courage and sacrifice.
Naujawan Bharat Sabha
Naujawan Bharat Sabha was founded by Bhagat Singh in March 1926. It mostly consisted of youths, to revolt against the British Rule in India. It was a faction of the Hindustan Republic Association, established in 1928 by Chandrasekhar Azad.
Revenge of Lala Lajpat Rai’s Death
On 30th October 1928 when Lala Lajpat Rai was leading a march against the Simon Commission, he was lathi-charged by then Superintendent of Police James Scott. Rai was severely injured and later succumbed to the injuries. The incident had prompted Bhagat Singh to take revenge of Lalaji’s death.
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Chandrasekhar Azad planned to kill Scott. They killed a probationary Police officer Saunders instead, in a case of mistaken identity. However, after the incident, they claimed Saunders as their actual target and evaded arrest by changing identities.
Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were booked in the Saunders murder case. The case became popular as the Lahore Conspiracy Case. The three were handed death sentences and were ordered to be hanged on 24th March 1931.
Fearing public outcry and resentment, the authorities hanged them 11 hours before, that is, on the night of 23rd March 1931. Their bodies were secretly taken out and cremated on the bank of River Sutlej. Their ashes were thrown in the river.
Bhagat Singh was a freedom fighter with exceptional courage and patriotism. He was only 23 when hanged. He left a legacy like no other freedom fighter and is a revered figure among the youths of India.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - Freedom Struggle of Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh or Sardar Bhagat Singh was an Indian revolutionary, who enjoys exceptional respect and recognition for his courage and velour, especially among youths. When Sardar Bhagat Singh was hanged by the British Government, he was only 23.
Bhagat Singh’s Childhood and Motivation
Bhagat Singh was born on 28th September 1907 at Banga village in Punjab Province of British India. His village today lies in present-day Pakistan. He was born a Sandhu Jat and in a family of Independence activists. In fact, the day Bhagat Singh was born, his father and two uncles were released from jail. They were the members of the Ghadar Party, running the Ghadar Movement to overthrow the British Rule in India.
Singh’s grandfather didn’t let him enroll in Khalsa High School at Lahore as he disapproved of their loyalty to the British. Bhagat Singh, therefore, studied in an Arya Samaj Institution and hence was greatly influenced by the Arya Samaj Philosophy.
As a child, Bhagat Singh had visited the Jallianwala Bag in Amritsar, just hours after the tragedy on 13th April 1919. The site of the massacre had a great impact on his mind.
Similarly, when he was young, the death of Lala Lajpat Rai following injuries sustained in a baton charge had filled his heart with anger and retribution.
Bhagat Singh along with two of his accomplishes, Rajguru and Chandrasekhar Azad, had planned to murder the Superintendent of Police, James Scott, who was responsible for baton charge on Lala Lajpat Rai; however, they mistakenly shot dead a probationary police officer, John Saunders.
Saunders was shot by Rajguru and Chandrasekhar Azad shot dead a police constable when he tried to confront the trio. This incident made Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Chandrasekhar Azad, cult heroes. After the incident, they regularly changed their identities and evaded arrest for years.
On 8th April 1929, Singh along with Batukeshwar Dutt, gained access inside the Assembly, posing as news reporters. They threw two bombs in the centre of the hall and started shouting ‘Inquilab Zindabad”.
Their motive was to oppose Viceroy’s biased decision to pass the Public Safety Bill and the Trades Disputes Act. The bombing was planned in such a way that it didn’t kill anyone; though, some people sustained minor injuries. The duo’s actual intent had been to get arrested and popularize their cause during the court trials.
Trial and Execution
On June 12th, around two months after the Assembly bombing, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt were awarded life imprisonment. There were many discrepancies in the trial and it wasn’t fair at all. Bhagat Singh was testified as holding a gun with an intent to harm; although, I reality he just played with it.
The prosecution witnesses were coached and the accounts they had presented regarding the incident were incorrect.
Following the assembly trial, police raided bomb factories operated by Naujawan Bharat Sabha. Arrests were made and some of the revolutionaries became witnesses, testifying for Singh’s involvement in Saunders’ murder.
Consequently, on 7th October 1930, the tribunal hearing the Saunders’ murder case, established that the involvement of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru in the murder was proven. The three were sentenced to death by hanging.
The order was to hang the three on 24th March 1931, but they were hanged on 23rd March instead, fearing public outcry and retribution. They were also secretly cremated in the dead of night and their ashes were thrown in the Sutlej River.
Early 20’s is an age when most of us are looking for a job or a life partner to spend life with. But at 23, Bhagat Singh was happy and proud to go to the gallows for the motherland. He and his two companions didn’t show any kind of fear and were smiling when they were hanged.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. 'Inquilab zindabad' was the slogan given by Bhagat Singh in April 1929.
Ans. Bhagat Singh founded the Indian nationalist youth organization in March 1929.
Ans. The Guru of Bhagat Singh was Kartar Singh Sarabha and he always carried his photo along with him.
Ans. The statue of Bhagat Singh was established in 2008 in the parliament of India.
Ans. Shaheed-e-Azad Bhagat Singh in 1954 was the first movie made on Bhagat Singh.