Essay on Bank

All of us have seen a bank and most probably have also visited them. But very few of us know about their types and all of their functions. I have brought these essays containing all the details about a bank and will also help you in wiring your essays.

Short and Long Essays on Bank in English

Essay on Bank for students of class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and class 12 in English in 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 500 words. Also find short Bank essay 10 lines.

Bank Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Banks are the place where people keep their money.

2) Works related to money like loans, transactions, etc are done in banks.

3) In 16th to 19th centuries, modern banks came into existence.

4) Banks keep our money, ornaments, important papers, etc safe.

5) The loan facility of banks provides great help to the people.

6) There are many government and private banks in India.

7) In India all the banks are controlled and managed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

8) Banking sector employs a huge population.

9) The first bank of India was the Bank of Calcutta which was later named as State Bank of India.

10) Today internet and technology have made banking easier.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – Bank


Banks are the places where we keep our money or do all our money-related work. Either it is getting a loan or something else. This type of place has been addressed as a bank. Although the word has various meanings, all of them mean the same. It is a place where you feel relaxed. When we are in pressure or have to solve some money-related problems we visit a bank.

How Banks Came into Existence

The existence of a bank was seen for the first time in Mesopotamia in 8000 BC. The evidence of bank and temples were seen in this civilization. These banks were not made for lending money because the money came afterword. These banks were made for lending seeds and agricultural stuff. They also used to keep records of trading.

Modern banking came into existence between the 17th to 19th centuries. It is said that Goldsmiths were the first bankers and they use to lend money to people and people use to keep their valuable things near goldsmiths.

The first-ever bank which offered bank noted was the Bank of England. It further developed and today we have well-established banks. We also have ATMs and Credit cards, etc. All these things have made banking easy.


Everything established in this world slowly. Either it was a man or a bank. Things develop and progress as per time. Today things seem so simple to us but they were not so simple and easy years before. A bank is one of the best examples which show development and change in society.

Essay 2 (400 Words) – Bank and Its Importance


Banks are denoted as one of the most important pillars of our economy. People keep their savings in these banks and this helps our nation to progress. Banks help people in various ways; they lend money for different work. Like if you have to buy a house, a car, even a laptop, banks give us money on certain interests and we can easily pay it in different instalments. Apart from this, there are many more uses of a bank.

Importance of Banks

Banks are important and useful in many ways and I have mentioned some of the most important uses below;

  • Provides Safety

We feel safe when we keep our money in a bank. Not only money people also keep other valuable things in banks like ornaments, important papers, etc. They provide overall security and many of our parents really feel thankful that they can safely keep their money somewhere. It will be not wrong if I say that we sleep peacefully because we have banks to protect us.

  • Saves our Money

It is a human tendency that if we have money in our pocket, we will definitely spend it. Whereas if they are in a bank, we feel a bit lazy to use and also banks provide interesting profits and sometimes they also double your money in some schemes. This saves our money and we develop a good bank balance.

  • Develops Employment

There are more than thousands of employees working in a particular bank and there are 34 banks and all of them have more than 3 branches in a particular city. They are also available in villages, really one of the hottest sectors which provide employment. Many of us just love to be a part of a bank because it is a reputed job.

  • Provides Loan Facilities

It was a time when people use to help each other and families use to do everything for their near and dear ones. But time has changed how people live in nuclear families and they do not have many contacts. People in cities hail from different places as a result they won’t trust. Then who will help you financially, who will trust you and give you some money when you need it. It is a bank which provides loan and helps you financially.


Banks are important parts of our life and have become very necessary for us. We can’t imagine a society without a bank. We can’t trust others, but we can trust a bank and they are our true friends who never ditch us and also protect our money.

Essay on Bank

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – Types of Banks


We go to school for education, we visit a temple for prayer similarly there is a place where we visit to solve our money-related problems. We save our money, valuable things and also get a loan. A one-stop solution for all types of money related problems. There are many banks in India and some of them are government whereas some of them are private. All of them do the same job and help people in different ways.

The First Bank

Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena or Berenberg Bank holds the credit of the world’s oldest bank and it was established in the year 1624.

Whereas Bank of Calcutta was the first bank of India established in the year 1806. The name was further changed as Bank of Bengal and also today known as SBI.

Types of Banks:

Banks are of different types some help people in their agricultural problems whereas some help us in our day-to-day problems. I have defined them below;

Central Banks

Banks that are controlled by legislative bodies are central banks. It can be a central bank or reserve bank. We can also state them as the main bank which decides the interest rates as per inflation in the country. They are not only a bank but they also keep an eye on other banks and controls the overall money supply. They also take care of any kind of foreign exchange as well as government bonds. We can call them as the head of all banks.

Commercial Banks

A bank, that is, specially designed for the development of business. They provide loans and some business benefiting offers. They especially support middle to big size business.

Retail Banks

Another name of Retail bank is consumer bank; these banks provide all kinds of facilities to costumers. They won’t lend money to companies or other institutions. People save their money in these banks and they have their easy access to their accounts. They can take or deposit money whenever they want. They provide credit cards, debit cards, ATM facilities, etc to the customer.

Private Banks

Private Banks are also banks having people with personal profits. They provide all facilities like other retail banks just they are not authorized by government agencies. Although the government has an eye on every bank they have very few shares owned by government sectors.

Online Banks

Online banking or internet banking is one of the most convenient forms of banking. They are easily available where ever you want on your fingertips. It is also termed as virtual banking and is a branch of banking. Digital transactions are specially used in this mode of banking and it is most popular these days.

Savings Bank

That bank where we simply deposit our money and they provide us with some interest in our money is saving bank.

Regional Rural Bank

These banks are specially designed for people living in rural areas. They are commercial banks but they are operated at the regional level. They provide all kinds of financial facilities to people living in that area and work for their betterment.


Banks are the basic structures of our economy; they are very helpful in developing a nation. They secure our money and also invest that money in other sectors and generate new income. Really banks are very important and they also help normal people in developing a new business or even buying a house. They have multiple uses and they are available everywhere. We can easily find ATMs and have our money whenever needed.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 How many public sector banks are there in India?

Ans. There are 12 public sector banks in India after the merge of smaller banks into larger ones.

Q.2 Which is the largest public sector bank in India?

Ans. The State Bank of India is the largest public sector bank in India.

Q.3 What is the name of India’s first private bank?

Ans. IndusInd Bank, originated in 1994, is the India’s first private bank.

Q.4 Which bank is partnered by PhonePe for UPI transactions?

Ans. The ICICI bank is now partnered with PhonePe for UPI transactions.

Q.5 Who was the first governor of RBI?

Ans. The first governor of Reserve Bank of India was Osborne Smith.

Q.6 Which bank in India has recently started Whatsapp banking services?

Ans. The ICICI bank has recently started the Whatsapp banking services.

Q.7 Which bank is stated as the best bank in India?

Ans. The best bank in India is HDFC bank.

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