Essay on Indian Festivals

Indian Festivals

A diverse range of festivals is celebrated in India. Every festival has its own importance and is filled with a lot of fun and entertainment. People who are busy most of the time in working or businesses find the festivals as a break to spend a beautiful time with their family members. The females and children are most excited before the arrival of the festivals. They indulge themselves mostly in shopping activities and are busy buying new clothes and other essentials for the festival.

Short and Long Essay on Indian Festivals in English

The long essay provided below will enlighten you in detail about the topic. It might be helpful to the students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,10,11,12, and graduates to write essays, projects, or assignments.

Indian Festivals Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) People in India celebrate many festivals together with great joy and happiness.

2) Each festival has a different significance and varies in the method of celebration.

3) National, Religious, and seasonal are the three main categories of festivals in India.

4) The national festivals celebrated in India are Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti.

5) Holi, Diwali, Dussehra, etc are religious festivals mainly celebrated by Hindus.

6) Some famous religious festivals celebrated by Muslims are Eid-ul-Fitr, Muharram, etc.

7) Christians celebrate Christmas, Easter, etc as their main festival.

8) People of different regions celebrate seasonal festivals like Chhath, Vasant Panchami, etc.

9) As agriculture is the main occupation in India, people also observe different harvest festivals.

10) Other festivals of India include Pongal, Bihu, Shivratri, Janmashtami, Gurpurab, Lohri, etc.

Short Essay on Indian Festivals (250 words)

Festivals are the major source of enjoyment and relaxation for people in any of the nations in the world. This is the prime time when people love to celebrate with their family and close ones. Every country in the world celebrates different types of festivals according to its culture and beliefs.

India is a nation that is populated by people following different cultures and customs. There are a variety of Indian festivals that is celebrated by the people in different parts of the nation. Every festival celebrated by the people has a significant reason behind its celebration.

The Diversity of Indian Festivals

India is a country where people celebrate a large number of festivals. There might be no month in a year in which there is no festival. It is not surprising that there are hundreds of festivals celebrated in this nation. It is because of the rich diversity of people living in the nation.

Indian festivals celebrated by the people in the nation have been divided into three categories.

National Festivals – These are the festivals that are celebrated to memorize the national events, our great leaders, and the contribution of freedom fighters to the nation. It fills the people of the nation with patriotism and love. Example – Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti, and Republic day.

Religious Festivals – These festivals are celebrated by the people of different religions. These festivals have a religious significance behind its celebration. Example – Diwali, Holi, Eid, Christmas, etc.

Seasonal Festivals – These festivals are celebrated according to different seasons in India. Example – Pongal, Bihu, Basant Panchami, etc.


Festivals are celebrated by the people of India with great enthusiasm and joy. It brings happiness and love among the people in the nation. Festivals also promote unity and peace among the people in the society. It teaches us to live and celebrate together.

Long Essay on What are Different Types of Indian Festivals (500 – 600 Words)


India is the country of festivals. There are different types of festivals celebrated throughout the nation during the whole year. The country harvests a rich religious diversity. The people of different religions have different festivals. They celebrate these festivals in their own way.

Categories of Indian Festivals

In India, we observe the celebration of different types of festivals. There are many festivals that are confined to an area whereas some are celebrated nationally. Therefore it can be grouped under three categories which are enlisted below.

Religious Festivals – As the name itself sounds, it is related to a particular region. Examples are: Holi Diwali, Dussehra, Raksha Bandhan, and Janmashtami are the biggest festivals of Hindus. Eid-ul-Fitr, Barawafat, Muharram, etc are some of the festivals of Muslims. Christmas, Easter, Good Friday are festivals of Christians. Some of the religious festivals are explained below:

  • Diwali – It is also known as the festival of lights. It is one of the greatest festivals of Hindus. The festival is said to be celebrated as on this day Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya with his wife Sita and brother Lakshman after completing the exile period of 14 years. He also killed Ravana and freed Sita from his clutches. This festival is celebrated to welcome Lord Ram back to his kingdom. Diyas and candles are lighted to remove darkness and ignorance. People of all religions celebrate this festival with great excitement and joy.
  • Christmas – This is one of the biggest festivals of Christians celebrated to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. People decorate Christmas trees and offer prayers in churches and exchange gifts and wishes with each other. The Santa clause gives gifts to the children on the occasion of this festival.
  • Eid-ul-Fitr – This is one of the biggest festivals of Muslims. it is celebrated after completing the fasting of the holy month of Ramzaan. People offer prayers and exchange wishes and greetings. Different kinds of lavish dishes are prepared on this occasion.

National Festivals – The national festivals are celebrated to owe our gratitude and respect to the great personalities and freedom fighters of the nation.

  • Gandhi Jayanti – It is celebrated on2nd October each year to celebrate the birth ceremony of Mahatma Gandhi. There are speeches and programs organized in different institutions and colleges in the memory of our father of the nation.
  • Independence Day – The day is celebrated to pay our tribute and honour to our great freedom fighters. The national flag is hoisted in New Delhi by our Prime minister every year. There are different programs conducted to mark the significance of the day.
  • Republic Day – This day is also celebrated by hoisting our national flag. The constitution of India came into effect on this day only i.e. 26th of January 1950.

Seasonal Festivals – These festivals are celebrated by the people of different regions of the nation. Some of them are enlisted below:

  • Vasant Panchmi – This festival is celebrated in the northern parts of India which marks the onset of spring season. Goddess Saraswati considered being the goddess of knowledge and wisdom is worshiped on this day. People wear yellow colored clothes and yellow dishes are prepared.
  • Bihu – It is celebrated by the people of Assam. They offer prayer to god for the good harvest of the crops and therefore a good yield. The dance Bihu is of major concern and it is performed in different ways.
  • Pongal – This festival is celebrated by the south-Indian people on the 14th of January. The festival is celebrated on the harvest of the rice crop and therefore a sweet dish with rice, sugar, and milk is prepared and offered to god.
  • Chhath – This is the festival which is celebrated by the people of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh. The most fascinating facet of this festival is that along with saluting the rising sun people salute the setting sun. People worship God Surya and his wife Usha on this day.


The enriched culture of India is shown by the festivals. The number of festivals celebrated in India is the largest in the whole world. Every festival is celebrated with great excitement and joy.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 What is a festival?

Ans. It is the celebration of an event by the community or people with great happiness and joy.

Q.2 What does a festival teach us?

Ans. Festival teaches us to love everyone and live with peace and harmony. It keeps us connected with our culture and traditions.

Q.3 Why India is stated as a land of festivals?

Ans. The rich diversity of India with people belonging to different religious backgrounds, sentiments, and cultures celebrate a variety of festivals which make India a land of festivals.

Q.4 Are all Indian festivals representing the Indian culture?

Ans. Yes, most of them represent the rich culture and tradition of India.

Q.5 How many festivals are celebrated in India?

Ans. There are numerous religious, national, and seasonal festivals celebrated in India.

Q.6 Which Indian festival is famous for boat racing all over the world?

Ans. The regional festival Onam celebrated in Kerala is famous for boat racing events.

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