Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship

Democracy vs. Dictatorship

Democracy and dictatorship are the two forms of government. Both forms of government have their unique features. Many times we have observed that the dictatorship type of government is not fruitful. People are devoid of their basic rights. The life of people becomes just like the life of animals. They have to nod their heads in front of their leader. On the other hand, people in a democratic nation enjoy the right to speak about any problem.

Short and Long Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship in English

There are many more differences between both forms of government that have been presented in form of a long essay. It might be helpful to schools, colleges, and university students in understanding and learning.

Democracy vs. Dictatorship Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) The people of the world experience different forms of government.

2) In a democracy most of the power is experienced by the people of the country.

3) People are responsible for choosing their representatives through the electoral process.

4) People can enjoy many freedoms in a democratic government.

5) In a democracy, the government keeps changing every five years.

6) In a dictatorship, all the power lies in the hands of the ruler.

7) No person other than the leader is involved in decision-making.

8) Many freedom and rights of people are restricted in a dictatorship.

9) India, the USA, etc experience democratic government while China, Egypt, etc experience dictatorship.

10) When compared to dictatorship, democracy is a more favorable form of government.

Short Essay on Democracy vs Dictatorship (250 words)


Government is the governing body that has the power to make rules and laws to control the people of the nation or a region. Democracy, monarchy, and dictatorship are the three major types of government. The system of government is not the same in the entire world but is different in different nations.

Democracy and dictatorship are the two types of government. Most often we hear that democracy is better than dictatorship but it is not fair to say this. Everything in this world has positive and negative sides. In the same way, democracy and dictatorship both have their own positives and negatives.

Democracy vs Dictatorship

  • The power of forming the government is in the hand of the people in democracy while the powers are vested in a ruler or single leader in the dictatorship.
  • The representatives of the government are chosen by the people through the process of election in democracy while there are no elections in a dictatorship form of government.
  • Citizens are free to express their opinions in democracy but the freedom of speech is not restricted in democracy.
  • In a democracy, the country is shaped according to the people’s choice but in a dictatorship, it is shaped according to the choice of the dictator or ruling authority.
  • The government is changed after every five years in democracy while in dictatorship the government can remain for as long as the dictator wishes.
  • There is freedom of equality, liberty, and justice granted to people in democracy while the people where there is a dictatorship form of government do not enjoy these rights.


Democracy no doubt is regarded as an excellent form of government. The people enjoy every type of freedom in democratic nations. They are granted some fundamental rights that are necessary for their development. Dictatorship is not always bad but it depends upon the ruling authority. A good dictator who focuses on the problems of the people will never be bad. The working of the government defines its efficacy as either it is democracy or dictatorship.

Long Essay on Advantages and Disadvantages of Democracy and Dictatorship (500 – 600 Words)


Democracy is the form of government that respects the ideas and views of the people. The basis for the formation of the government depends upon the judgment of the people of the democratic nation. Rather Dictatorship is the form of government in which the power is vested in a single person. Both types of government came into existence in the 19th and 20th centuries and were regarded as two major forms of government in the whole world.

Explanation of Democracy vs. Dictatorship

The most accepted and popular form of government is termed democracy. The government is formed by the people of the nation. They cast votes for the representative of their choice. The political party receiving the higher number of votes wins by attaining a majority. The leader of the democratic nation is among the people only. He/she can belong to any community or religion.

Democracy provides liberty to the people of the nation. They are free to express their ideas and views regarding any decision. The people can speak up for the negative deeds of the government. The government can be dissolved on the consent of the people. Democracy grants liberty and fundamental rights to the citizens of the nation. They are not subject to discrimination on any grounds.

The example of democracy is best represented by India, England, the United States of America, etc.

Dictatorship is characterized as a form of government in which the total power lies in the hand of one person or party. The government formed is without the consent of the people. The power further is transferred on in the family of the ruling person called a dictator. There is no stand of the people in this type of government. The people are like puppets and they just have to follow the decision of the leader. They are not having any kind of liberty to speak about the wrong deeds of the government. They do not enjoy any power in the formation of the government. The decision of the leader of the party is final. The leader imposes his choice upon the people of the nation. Everybody follows what has been advised. There is no choice rather than accepting the same.

Examples of countries that have been under dictatorship are Egypt, China, and Italy.

Advantages of Democracy and Dictatorship


  • Every citizen of a democratic nation is treated equally. There is no discrimination on basis of caste, sex, religion, creed, etc. If discrimination is carried, then it is subject to the law.
  • Every citizen is equal before the law. The position or designation does not matter.
  • Democracy provides liberty, equality, and freedom to the citizens of the country. They can express the wrong deeds of the government through the press and newspapers. Therefore media is said to be one of the prominent pillars of a democratic nation.
  • The ultimate powers are in the hands of people in a democratic nation. People can point out the drawbacks of the leaders and government.


  • In this type of government if the dictator proves to be a good leader and works for the betterment of people, will make the country progress.
  • The decision of the leader becomes final and therefore there are fewer chances of crime and corruption to take place. Any rule or decision can be taken by the leader without any opposition or fear.
  • The successors are from the family of the leader or the blood relation. Therefore there is no burden of the election.

Disadvantages of Democracy and Dictatorship


  • The government formed is on basis of the majority. In this way, the interest and decision of the minority are subsided.
  • The working of the government is quite slow as there are many officers whose consent is required. It requires a longer duration for any decision to be taken.
  • If citizens are bribed by the members of the political parties, they cast the votes in the favor of the same party which may not be much efficient in working.


  • People do enjoy any liberty or freedom.
  • A leader can make a decision that is not in the favor of people.
  • The people are suppressed and do not have the right to speak or express themselves.


Democracy is having supremacy over dictatorship. Democracy involves the development of a nation along with considering people’s welfare. The main aspect lies in the system and working of the government in both regimes.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 What is the basic difference between democracy and dictatorship?

Ans. The power is in the hand of people in democracy while in dictatorships the people follow their leader i.e. the power is in the hand of a single person or the party.

Q.2 What are the best examples of dictatorship?

Ans. The Nazi Germany of Adolf Hitler, Fascism of Italy of Benito Mussolini, and The Empire of Japan of Hideki Tojo are the best examples of Dictatorship.

Q.3 Who was the first dictator?

Ans. Aulus Postumius Albinus of Rome was the first dictator appointed in the 5th century BCE.

Q.4 Who is stated as the father of democracy?

Ans. Cleisthenes is regarded as the father of Democracy.

Q.5 When did democracy and dictatorship emerge as the main forms of government?

Ans. Democracy and dictatorship emerged in the 19th and 20th centuries as the main forms of Government in the world.

Q.6 Is a weak democracy better than a good dictator?

Ans. A good dictator will be implementing good policies and work for the nation and people and therefore a good dictator is always regarded as a good system rather than a weak democracy.