Essay on World Population Day

Many countries around the globe observe World Population Day on 11th July to aware and educate the masses on the recent trend in global population growth and how it impacts or rather threatens the economy and development. The essays below deal with all the aspects of World Population Day.

Short and Long Essay on World Population Day in English

Essay on World Population Day for students of class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and class 12 in English in 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 500 words. Also find short World Population Day essay 10 lines.

World Population Day Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) 11 July is marked as World Population Day around the globe.

2) The United Nations General Assembly in 1990 passed a resolution regarding the observance of this day.

3) This day is observed to highlight the growing population in the world.

4) It was 11 July 1991 when the first World Population Day was celebrated.

5) The idea of observing this day was put forward by Dr. K.C. Zachariah.

6) Growing population will increase poverty, unemployment, lack of resources, etc.

7) It shifts people’s attention to the consequences of the increasing population.

8) On this day, many NGOs and volunteers show their active participation in generating awareness.

9) The day encourages people to adopt measures like family planning to control the population.

10) Government distributes brochures, booklets, contraceptives, etc among the public on this day.

Why is World Population Day Observed – Essay 1 (250 Words)


World Population Day is observed annually all over the globe on 11th July to raise awareness about and to attract global attention on the issue of population explosion.

Why is it Observed?

The need to observe World Population Day was first expressed by the Governing Council of the United Nations in 1989; two years after the global population reached approximately 5 billion on 11th July 1987.

Therefore, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution 45/261 in December 1990, establishing World Population Day as annual observance on 11th July.

The main objective of the day is to draw world attention on the issue arising out of uncontrolled population growth, and also to take necessary collective measures for their containment. Issues like poverty, unemployment and human quality index are directly linked to population.

How to Participate in World Population Day?

The best way to participate in World Population Day would be to make people aware of the impacts of population growth and educate them about family planning and other similar methods of population control.

You can either join any NGO working in this regard or can act voluntarily on your own, in your locality. You can also take the help of the entire social media platform available to spread awareness and education to the masses.


Uncontrolled population growth hugely limits resource availability and severely hampers the quality of life. It is not only the need for the time but also the responsibility of the world nations to take necessary collective and individual steps in this regard.

World Population Day in India – Essay 2 (400 Words)


Every year the world, under the guidance of the United Nations, observe the World Population Day on 11th July. The first-ever World Population Day was celebrated on 11th July 1991.

Why Is ‘World Population Day’ Required to be Celebrated?

The current world population as in the first quarter of 2020 is 7.8 Billion and the estimated global population increase is around 83 million every year. With this rate the world population is expected to reach 8.6 billion by 2030, reaching 9.8 billion by 2050 and 11.2 billion by the end of the century.

This growth in population, in addition to the fact that the pool of available resources remains the same, will put a never witnessed before stress on the latter. There would be far fewer jobs than the applicants; there would be less healthcare personnel than the patients needing medical care, etc.

This will most likely be a situation in every sphere like education, transport, consumption, etc. Also, this volume of the colossal population will also drain essential resources like water, food, fuel, etc. Sadly our natural resources cannot be produced at the same rate with which the population is growing.

The situation will be critically worst in developing countries like India, China, Sri Lanka, etc., not to mention the least developed countries like Pakistan and African countries like Angola, Burundi, etc.

World Population Day – India

Current Indian population stands at approximately 1.36 billion. That puts India as the second-most populous country in the world after China and is also most likely to surpass the latter in 2022.

India is a developing nation that falls in the medium category of Human Development Index according to data published in 2019. Despite on the verge of becoming the fastest growing world economy, India struggles with issues like poverty, hunger, unemployment, and corruption, etc.

Acknowledging the fact that uncontrolled growth in the population will only worsen the situation, the government of India observes the World Population Day, displaying a full commitment to the cause.

The government in coordination with NGOs and local administrative bodies gets in touch with the masses at the grass-root level. People are educated about the impact of the population on the quality of life and availability of resources. Workers and volunteers distribute contraceptives and family planning education material to the people.


Population growth is a significant issue that must be addressed immediately by the world. Countries like India, who are still into the developing phase, need to take it more seriously if they want to join the league of developed nations anytime soon.

Essay on World Population Day

World Population Day: Objectives and Observance – Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words)


World Population Day is observed every year on 11th July to raise awareness on the world population, its growth, and its impacts. It is observed globally to aware of the people about the stress on resources due to population and also to take up containment steps like family planning etc.


World Population Day was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989. At the root of it was the date 11th July 1987, when the world population reached five billion. It was to bring awareness about the population growth and its impact that the world population day was instituted.

World Population Day was suggested by Dr. K.C. Zachariah who worked as a senior demographer in the World Bank from 1971 to 1987. Dr. Zachariah hailed from the state of Kerala in India and is currently serving as Honorary Professor at the Centre for Development Studies.

In further development of events, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution 45/126 in December 1990, proclaiming that a World Population Day be observed every year on July 11th.


World Population Day was instituted to bring the world’s attention to the issues of population and how incessant population growth can drain our available resources. It is at the core of the observance that people across the globe realize impacts of population explosion and adopt various methods for its containment, like family planning, etc.

World population is growing annually at an approximate rate of 83 million. If the things are left to continue and also keeping in mind that the fertility rate is declining, even then the world population will be 8.6 billion by 2030, which would be a huge strain on healthcare, education, and other available resources. 2030 is also the same year that the world has decided to reach Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). It is to raise awareness on these issues arising out of population growth that the United Nations seeks through World Population Day.

Observance Around the Globe

World Population Day is observed across the globe with the objective of making the people aware of the population growth and the urgency to deal with it. The United Nations in co-ordination with its several agencies gets in touch with the world leaders and tries to bring them together for the cause.

United Nations Fund for Population Activities – UNFPA (now United Nations Population Fund – UNPF) takes active participation by supervising the events. It also collects and manages the funds to put into programs for containing population growth.

High-level conferences are held at prominent places across the globe where discussions on future prospects are done. Issues like the impact of population growth on factors like pollution, healthcare, education, unemployment, resource availability, poverty, etc. are discussed. The main objective of the observance is to send a message to the masses that the continuing population explosion isn’t good for the world’s development. People are helped in every possible way and inspired to take family planning in order to reduce population growth.

Several non-government organizations also take active participation, in making people aware of the effects of population, through talks and street shows. Free brochures, templates, booklets, and also contraceptives are distributed to the public for free. The government machinery also tries to use its available resources to make the people aware and conscious.


World Population Day addresses a significant issue that directly relates to the quality of life on earth and must be observed with complete participation from all the nations. A population explosion puts an extreme strain on our resources thereby either depriving us or disturbing the quality of the life we live.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 When did the celebration of World Population day begin?

Ans. The celebration of World Population day started on 11th July 1987.

Q.2 Who suggested celebrating World Population Day?

Ans. K.C. Zachariah had suggested celebrating World Population Day.

Q.3 Which country in the world has the highest population?

Ans. China is the country in the world that has the highest population.

Q.4 Which country in the world has the lowest population?

Ans. Vatican city is the country in the world that has the lowest population.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *