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Essay on Why Plants are so Important for us

Can you imagine what would happen if there were no plants on earth? There would be no survival of life possible without plants. Plants and animals are the two major forms of the biotic community on this planet. Almost every animal ranging from microorganisms to human beings is dependent upon the plants for their survival. We need to know much more about the importance of plants.

Why Plants are so Important for us - Long Essay

I have provided an essay on this topic that would make you aware of the importance of plants. Moreover, it might be helpful for students in getting an idea to write an essay, project, and assignment on this topic.

1150 Words Essay


There are wide varieties of plants present on this earth. Plants are the most important biotic factor on the earth. They are the precious gift that has been provided to us by Mother Nature. Plants in form of trees are home to various living organisms on this earth. The enormous destruction of this precious entity of nature is really saddening and of great concern.

Essay on Why Plants are so Important for us

Plants - A Precious Gift of Nature to the Mankind

When we are small children we never know that plants also have life. Later it is taught to us that plants are living organisms but are unable to express their feeling and emotions like human beings. They silently care for and serve the needs of entire groups of living organisms on this earth. Most of the plants are green plants and they are self-capable of manufacturing their own food by the process of photosynthesis.

Plants are living organisms that cannot move from one place to another and are fixed at one place by roots. They grow up to become large trees. Herbs, shrubs, and trees are different forms of plants on the earth. The characteristics of plants differ according to their place of origin. Plants are essential for us in every form they are present on this planet.

Importance of Plants

Plants are providing essential services to all the living organisms on this earth. It had been essential for us since the evolution of life on earth. The several importances of plants to us are enlisted below:

Food provider to all the living organisms - Green plants are called autotrophs. They can manufacture their food by themselves. Animals and human beings are totally dependent on the plants directly or indirectly for our food. Plants are also called as the producers. The varieties of plant crops are grown every year to fulfill the food requirements of human beings. The plants provide us different types of cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits, nuts, etc. The various types of plant products are the food for the living organisms on earth. If we talk about the carnivores they too are indirectly dependent on the plants as they eat the animals that are dependent on plants for food.

Oxygen provider to us - Oxygen is a gas that is most important for the survival of living organisms. It is the gas that helps in respiration. There would be no life possible without the presence of oxygen. Plants are the sole providers of Oxygen to us. They produce oxygen gas as the byproduct of their food manufacturing process of photosynthesis.

Provide timber and other products - The wood that we use for making a variety of furniture that enhances our lifestyle and luxury is obtained by the timber produced from trees. Different plants and trees also provide us oils, rubber, resin, cloth fibers, etc.

Used in making medicines - There are several varieties of plants in the forms of herbs, shrubs, and trees that have medicinal properties. The parts of these plants like leaves, bark, fruits, etc. are used as active constituents in preparing medicines for curing different diseases. In ancient times people used to apply plant parts or juices directly to cure wounds or several small infections in the body.

Helps in preventing Soil Erosion - Plants helps in binding the upper layer of soil and keeps the layers of soil intact. The roots of plants and vegetation bind the soil and prevent soil erosion. Moreover, plants help in absorbing the rainwater and stopping runoff and wastage. The rainwater absorption that is fostered by the plants and trees is helpful in raising the underground water level by recharging the underground water aquifers.

Spiritually important - Many plants are worshipped as considered sacred in many religions. Plants produce flowers that are used by the people for worshipping god. Along with spiritual importance, plants add beauty to the landscape. The scene of nature full of different variety of plants gives a sense of pleasure to our body and mind.

Plants as the Natural Air Purifiers

The smoke from industries, vehicular emissions, and other gases contribute to the deterioration of the quality of air around us. These gaseous pollutants make air unsuitable for the survival of living organisms. Carbon dioxide is one of the major greenhouse gaseous pollutants responsible for global warming that is released in pollutants that are stated above. The plants use carbon dioxide for manufacturing their food. In this way, the plants consume the maximum percentage of carbon dioxide gas present in the atmosphere. They naturally clean the environment by absorbing the gaseous pollutants causing air pollution.

Plants are the regulators of the Hydrological cycle on earth

The water cycle is continued by the evaporation of water from rivers, oceans, and other water bodies directly. The plants also contribute to regulating the hydrological cycle on earth. The water that is released in form of transpiration from plants evaporates in the air. This is the water that is present inside the earth and is absorbed by the roots of the plants. In this way, the underground water inside the soil also participates in regulating the water cycle on the earth. The phenomenon of transpiration also helps in cooling the atmosphere by resulting in precipitation.

Are Human Activities leading to the Extinction of Several Species of Plants?

Human activities like industrialization, urbanization, several projects, indefinite cutting of trees for the accomplishment of buildings and projects, etc. are leading to the destruction of plants. Many of the species of plants have become extinct due to the selfishness of human beings. How can we cause harm to plants and trees that have been silently fulfilling our requirements? The desire of humans for a comfortable life has lead to excessive cutting down of trees and clearing of vegetation areas for commercial purposes. Excessive deforestation is the major cause for making homeless and hungry to millions of living organisms that depend on plants for their survival. We must not forget that the earth is the home to several living organisms and plants. We have no right to resist the existence of other living organisms because of our greed.

The conservation of plants is the utmost need of the hour and it is the best solution left for reimbursement of our carelessness towards nature. It is required that we must realize the importance of the existence of plants for us. The loss of plants by deforestation and extinction will greatly affect the survival of living organisms on the earth.


The plants are rendering multiple services to the entire living organisms of the earth. They give us everything just for free with the hope that we will take good care of them. It is very sad to state that human beings have forgotten their responsibility towards nature. The equilibrium of the ecosystem only exists when every entity is in a balanced state. We need to protect the plants from cutting them or becoming extinct and planting more and more trees.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Which part of plant grows first in the seed of a plant?

Ans. The radical of the seed grows first as the root of the plant.

Q.2 Where is photosynthetic pigment located in plants?

Ans. The photosynthetic pigments are located in the thylalkoids of leaf of a plant.

Q.3 Which pigment in plants is responsible for flowering of plants?

Ans. The Florigen pigment in plants is responsible for flowering in the plants.

Q.4 Which tree flowers are used to make colors of Holi?

Ans. The flowers of Tesu tree are dried and used in making colors of Holi.

Q.5 Which group of plants does not have roots, leaves, and stems?

Ans. The Bryophytes are the group of plant having no root, stem and leaf.