Subhas Chandra Bose, the name needs no introduction. He was a nationalist and a patriot beyond comparison. He gave up all the comforts of life to the service of the nation. I am giving below three essays of varying word lengths on Subhas Chandra Bose for my readers.
Short and Long Essays on Subhas Chandra Bose
Essay 1 (250 Words) - Subhas Chandra Bose: a Fearless Patriot
Subhas Chandra Bose was a highly respected Indian freedom fighter born on 23rd January 1987. He was as fearless as he was patriotic. He had set a new standard of Indian nationalism that was fearless, confident, and global as well. In this essay, we will discuss some of the most important traits and achievements of Subhas Chandra Bose.
It is not that Subhas Chandra Bose didn’t approve of other methods of freedom struggle, like non-cooperation; in fact, he was even jailed for taking part in the non-cooperation movement.
While, in Indian National Congress, Subhas, worked in close coordination with both, Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. Somewhere down the line; however, he found Gandhi’s methodology too lenient on British. In his opinion, there was a need to gain freedom on our own terms and conditions, even if it required an armed uprising.
He had warned Gandhi and others, which freedom gained on the terms of the British, will have many drawbacks. However, because of Gandhi didn’t approve of his ideology, Subhas Chandra Bose had to resign as the President of Congress, despite having a majority of supporters. The congress was split and Subhas formed the faction – All India Forward Bloc.
Bose died in a plane crash in Japan on 18th August 1945. He was only 48 then. The great son of the soil who gave up his all to see the country free, died just two years before Independence. Never the less, he will always be remembered for his unwavering courage and nationalism.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - Subhas Chandra Bose’s Struggle for Independence
The name of Subhas Chandra Bose needs no introduction. He was a patriotic freedom fighter of India, who had spent his whole life in the struggle against the British, fighting for complete independence of India. There had been many freedom fighters, but no one equaled him in courage and passion for independence.
An Exceptional Patriot
Subhas Chandra Bose was an exceptional freedom fighter for more than one reason. Despite at times, being a contemporary of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, he wasn’t satisfied with their policy of soft struggle against the British. He opined that, this way we wouldn’t be able to gain complete Independence, and will also have to compromise on terms of British.
Freedom could only be rightfully gained by an armed uprising against the British. He had the courage to travel to Afghanistan, Russia, and Germany, concealing his identity and changing get up, wherever he went. He was the first freedom fighter in the history of India, to meet world leaders and asking their support in the fight for India’s freedom.
Rift with Gandhi
Subhas Chandra Bose was chosen twice as the President of Indian National Congress, in 1938 and then in 1939. He had to soon resign from his second term, due to a rift with Mahatma Gandhi. Although, Subhas won with a majority, defeating Gandhi’s candidate Pattabhi Sitaramayya; Gandhi was uncomfortable with the patriotic zeal of Subhas Chandra Bose. Hence he resigned to form an All India Forward Bloc.
Struggle and Death
Later on, Subhas traveled to Afghanistan, Russia, and Germany to gather support in the fight against the British. He was the first Indian leader to meet Hitler. Later on, he also went to Japan and formed the Indian National Army there. Indian National Army in collaboration with the Japanese Forces successfully obtained the possession of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Subhas Chandra Bose died in a plane crash in Formosa, Japan on 18th august 1945. Immediately after takeoff, his plane crashed with a loud sound and broke in two halves. Though not fatally injured, Bose was soaked in gasoline and was burnt up to 80% while trying to escape through a door that was on fire. His burns were deep and only survived for some time at a hospital.
Subhas Chandra Bose was a freedom fighter with exceptional courage and enthusiasm for India’s independence. The circumstances of his death add more mystery to his defiant patriotism. He will always be remembered as the bravest son of India ever born on its soil.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - Subhas Chandra Bose and Azad Hind Fauj
Subhas Chandra Bose was a great Indian freedom fighter whose contribution in providing a global platform to the Indian freedom struggle and in gathering the support of world powers, will never be forgotten. He had spent many years touring the world to gather support for the Indian freedom struggle.
Bose was born in a Kayastha family in Cuttack, Orissa on 23rd January 1897. His father, Jankinath Bose was a lawyer and his mother Prabhavati Dutt Bose was a homemaker.
Born ninth among fourteen siblings, Bose’s childhood was comfortable, as his father earned enough to look after his family. Bose was a good student and a rank holder. He did his schooling from prestigious schools – Stewart High School and Ravenshaw Collegiate School.
Bose briefly studied in the Presidency College before getting expelled for assaulting a professor for his anti-Indian views and manhandling of Indian students.
Later he went to Calcutta and joined Scottish Church College under the University of Calcutta and graduated in philosophy in 1918.
The nationalistic sentiments in Subhas Chandra Bose started showing during his childhood. When he was only 16 years old, he had read the works of Swami Vivekananda and his mentor Ramakrishna Paramhans. Their writings and thoughts influenced him to a greater extent. Some historians are also of the opinion that he thought that religion was more important than studies.
Nationalistic fervor also started brewing in Subhas Chandra Bose at an early age. While he was staying in Calcutta in the early 1900’s, he witnessed oppression and insult of Indians by the British. This insulting behavior of the British and also the outbreak of World War I, filled young Subhas’s heart with patriotic zeal.
Bose was expelled from the college once, for a rift with his professor named Oaten, who had deliberately insulted and manhandled some Indian students.
Escape to Nazi Germany
Subhas Chandra Bose resigned from the lucrative Indian Civil Services post and started a newspaper named Swaraj. His first responsibility was to look after the publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee.
Subsequently, he gained popularity and became a national fame leader associated with Mahatma Gandhi. Bose was chosen as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1938, with the majority; however, Gandhi didn’t approve of this, resulting in a split in Congress. Bose formed the All India Forward Bloc, which was powerful in the home state Bengal.
While under house arrest in Calcutta, Bose managed to escape with the help of associates in the dead of night. He had planned to go to Germany and meet Hitler, asking for support in the Indian freedom struggle.
He left Calcutta on 16th January 1941 and reached Peshawar. From there on 26th January he began his journey to Russia and finally reaching Germany. There he created Indian Legion consisting of around 4500 Indian prisoners of war. Subhas Chandra Bose subsequently met Hitler in 1942.
Formation of Azad Hind Fauj
The Azad Hind Fauj was formed in Japan to fight alongside the Japanese forces against the British. While in Burma, Bose urged Indians to join Azad Hind Fauj, by giving the slogan “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom.”
The alliance of Japanese forces and Azad Hind Fauj was successful in taking over the possession of Andaman and Nicobar Island in 1942; however, the island remained in complete possession of the Japanese forces only.
Subhas Chandra Bose was an uncommon freedom fighter born on Indian soil. His unwavering confidence and defiant patriotism set him apart from the bunch of other freedom fighters. His contributions and efforts in this regard can never be forgotten.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Subhash Chandra Bose qualified the Indian Civil Service exam in England.
Ans. He was popularly known as 'Netaji'.
Ans. Subhash Chandra Bose founded a party named Forward Bloc in 1939.
Ans. Chittaranjan Das is known as the political guru of Subhash Chandra Bose.
Ans. The title 'Desh Nayak to Subhash Chandra Bose was given by Rabindranath Tagore.