A New Education Policy has been sanctioned by our government in July 2020; after a gap of 34 years, for bringing the changes in the National Education System. The New Education Policy has its objective of making the learning process more efficient by enhancing students thinking and creative ability. The New Education Policy includes several changes in the school level as well as higher education. These essays on the New Education Policy will help you to understand in detail about this subject.
Short and Long Essays on New Education Policy
Essay 1 (250 Words) - New Education Policy: Necessity and Objective
The new National Education Policy came into existence on 29 July 2020, after replacing the existing National Education Policy. The change in education policy is made after a gap of a total of 34 years. But the change was necessary and the need for the time should have been made earlier.
The Necessity of New Education Policy 2020
The earlier system of education was basically focused on learning and giving results. The students were judged by the marks attained. This was a unidirectional approach to development. But the new education policy focuses on the relevance of a multi-disciplinary approach. It aims at all-round development of the student.
New education policy visualizes the formation of a new curriculum and structure of education which will help the students at their different stages of learning. The change has to be done in the existing education system in order to make education reach up to all, ranging from urban to rural areas. It will be towards meeting sustainability by fulfilling Goal 4- Quality Education.
The main motive is making a child learn along with becoming a skilled one, in whatever field they are interested. In this way, the learners are able to figure out their aim, and their capabilities. The learners are to be provided with integrated learning i.e. having the knowledge of every discipline. The same is applicable in higher education too. The new education policy also lays emphasis on the reformation of teacher’s education and training processes.
The present education system is the result of changes made in the existing education policy of 1986. It has been implemented to foster the learner and the nation’s development. The new education policy focuses on the child’s overall development. The policy is destined to achieve its objective by 2030.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - New Education Policy: Vision and Advantages/Disadvantages
Getting proper basic education is the birthright of each and every individual as per the Indian Constitution. Education is the key element in the development of a child for getting ready to lead a happy life. The change in the National education policy, after 1986 in the 21st century took place in July 2020 and emerges out to be the new education policy 2020.
The Vision of the New Education Policy
The new education policy is the reworking of the earlier national education policy. It is the change of the entire system of education by new structural outlines.
The vision laid in the New Education Policy is turning the system into a high-spirited and energetic one. There must be an effort in making the learner responsive and skilled.
Advantages and Disadvantages of the New Education Policy 2020
- The new education policy focuses on the integrated development of the learners.
- It replaces the 10+2 system with 5+3+3+4 structure, which states 12 years of schooling and 3 years of pre-schooling, thus kids with the experience of schooling at an earlier stage.
- The examinations will be conducted in 3, 5, and 8th grades only, others will go for the regular assessments. Board exams will also be made easier and, and held twice in a year so that each child gets two attempts.
- The policy envisages a multi-disciplinary and integrated approach to the under-graduate programmes with greater flexibility of exit from the course.
- The state and central government both will work together towards greater public investments by the public for education will give rise to GDP by 6%, at its earliest.
- The new education policy focuses on enhancing practical education instead of laying stress on books for learning.
- NEP allows for the development and learning of children by general interaction, group discussions, and reasoning.
- The NTA will conduct a common entrance exam for universities at a national level.
- The students will have the freedom to select the course they desire to learn along with the course subjects, thus promoting skill development.
- The government will be setting up new ways of research and innovations at the university and college level by setting NRF (National Research Foundation).
- The implementation of the language i.e. the teaching up to 5th grade to be continued in the regional languages is the utmost problem. The child will be taught in regional language and therefore will have less approach towards the English language, which is required after completing 5th grade.
- Kids have been subject to structural learning, which might increase the burden on their small minds.
There was a need for change to the existing education policy which was earlier implemented in 1986. The resulting change is the approval of the New Education policy. The policy has many positive features but the same can only be achieved by strictly making it happen. Mere consideration for the layout will not work efficiently instead of actions.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - Structural Transformations in New Education Policy
New education policy is formulated by the government of India aiming towards achieving the policy initiatives by 2030. It is a complete change in the existing education policy which was last implemented in 1986. It is focusing on the self-capabilities of child and concept-based learning, instead of rote learning procedures.
The framework of the National Education Policy
- The current policy replaces the National Education Policy 1986.
- The discussion regarding the New Education Policy was started in January 2015 by the committee under the leadership of cabinet secretary TSR Subramanian and a report was submitted by the committee in 2017.
- A Draft of National Education Policy, made on the basis of the report of 2017, was submitted by the new team led by former ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) chief Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan in 2019.
- The drafted New Education Policy was announced, by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, after consulting with the public and stakeholders.
- The New Education Policy then came into existence on 29 July 2020.
Structural Transformations in New Education Policy
The 10+2 module is replaced by 5+3+3+4 model. The execution will be carried out as:
- Foundational Stage - It will include three years of pre-schooling period.
- Preparatory Stage - It constitutes of classes 3-5, with ages 8-11 years.
- Middle Stage - It will constitute of class 6-8, with age 11-14 years.
- Secondary Stage - It will constitute class 9-12, with ages 14- 19 years. These four years will be linked with choice for multi-disciplinary study. It will not be necessary to study in only one discipline.
- The students have to give exams only thrice i.e. in 3, 5, and 8th class.
- “PARAKH”, an assessment body has to be established for assessing student’s performance.
- The bachelor's programme would be a 4-year programme with a flexible exit. Obtaining a year course will provide with certification, 2-year with a diploma degree, 3-year with a bachelor's degree, and 4-year will be integrated with the research work and finding related to the subject studied.
- Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for providing funds and finances to universities and colleges. This will replace AICTE and UGC.
- The responsibility of the national testing agency to hold common entrance for universities and colleges along with conducting NEET and JEE.
- Master of Philosophy courses to discontinue, as it was an intermediate course between Masters and Ph.D.
- National Research Foundation (NRA) to be developed to foster research and innovations.
- The foreign universities to set their campuses in our country and vice versa.
Teacher’s Education and Recruitment
- The 4-year integrated B.Ed programme made it essential for teaching.
- There must be workshops organized for the training of the teachers regarding various teaching aids.
- Transparency in recruiting processes of teachers as teachers are at a centralized role for the development of students.
Beneficial Impacts of the New Education Policy
- It lays stress on the self-capability, cognitive skills of the learner. It will help a child to develop their talents if they are having inborn talents.
- Earlier the students had the option of opting for only one discipline for studying but now different subjects can opt, for example – one can opt for art and craft along with mathematics.
- Emphasis on every subject to be treated equally.
- The main motive is to develop the power of interaction, critical thinking, and the ability to reasoning with the inculcation of innovative ideas among the students.
- The multiple exit option in bachelor’s courses will provide an opportunity for the students to benefit from the experience and attain skills by working somewhere in meantime and then continue later.
- The new education policy focuses on the practical aspect of learning any subject, as it is considered a better way of understanding the concept.
- All the institutions and higher education institutes to become multidisciplinary by 2040.
The new education policy is laid down with several initiatives that are really the need of the present scenario. The policy is concerned with attention on skill development along with the study curriculum. Merely dreaming of anything will not make it work, as proper planning and working according to that will only help in fulfilling the objective. No sooner the objectives of NEP are achieved, will propel our nation towards progress.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The National Education Policy was formed in 1986.
Ans. Dr. K. Kasturirangan is appointed as the chairman of New Education Policy 2020.
Ans. The new pattern of 10+2 in the New Education Policy 2020 is 5+3+3+4.
Ans. The Government has decided to spend 6% of GDP on education according to the New Education Policy 2020.
Ans. The Human Resource and Development ministry has been given the name of Education ministry in New Education Policy 2020.
Ans. The skill development course will start from class 6th for students in New Education Policy 2020.