Essay on Martin Luther King

A social worker who was born to change the world, his whole life is an inspiration, how he earned so much at a young age. Life is not easy or simple, we have to make it and Luther King is the best example of this statement. His famous line; “Those who are not looking for happiness are the most likely to find it because those who are searching forget that the surest way to be happy is to seek happiness for others.”

Short and Long Essays on Martin Luther King in English

Essay on Martin Luther King for students of class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and class 12 in English in 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 500 words. Also find short Martin Luther King essay 10 lines.

Martin Luther King Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) It was 15 January 1929, when Martin Luther was born in Atlanta, United States.

2) He fought for the equality of African residing in America.

3) At the time when blacks were treated as slaves, he struggled for their rights.

4) Martin was the youngest person to receive the noble prize in 1964.

5) Martin Luther always followed the path of non-violence.

6) Martin Luther was a follower of Gandhi Ji and his Non-Cooperation Movement.

7) He struggled for removing discrimination based on caste and color.

8) He was renowned with many awards like the Spingarn Medal, Margaret Sanger Award, Grammy Hall of Fame, Presidential Medal of Freedom, etc.

9) Martin was put in jail many times while working for civil rights.

10) He died on 4 April 1968 but still is an inspiration for many people.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – Martin Luther King


Martin Luther King was born on 15 January 1929 in Atlanta, the United States, and his full name was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr; a black who accepted the path of Truth and Non-Violence. He stood for equality and brought freedom for the Africans living in America.

His Life and Motivation

He was the man who stood against the taboos in American society. Blacks were treated as slaves and they didn’t have their own identity and were not allowed to do anything else. People were badly tortured physically as well as mentally. They use to live in America but were not treated as a citizen.

The Washington Civil Rights March was called in 1963 with a demand for entitlements for the African American community. On August 28, 1963, he gave a speech standing on the stairs of the Abraham Lincoln Memorial, ‘I Have a Dream’. This was the turning point of his life and this speech was so effective that he won a lot of attention as well as was also nominated as Times person of the year. Further, he also won Noble prize in 1964. He also became the youngest person to win the Nobel Prize.


It is our true determination and hard work that makes us successful. Have patience and follow the path of truth you will definitely be successful one day. He learned from many people and applied in his life. In his speech ‘I Had a Dream’ he recited the last line as “Free at last! free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!”. Assuming the day we will become free and he will say these lines.

Essay 2 (400 Words) – Martin Luther King: the American Gandhi


Martin Luther King was born on 15 January 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. He was admired for Non-violence and always encouraged people to be polite and keeps the weapons aside. He is an inspiration and although he is dead, his thoughts are still alive between us.

How He got Inspired by Gandhi

Once upon a time in the city of Montgomery, the USA a woman denied offering her seat to a white woman. As there was a system in the city in which busses were divided into two categories and some seats were reserved for white. But that black woman whose name was Rosa Parks was sitting on a white reserved seat and as a result, she was arrested.

All the black in the city came together and boycotted the bus transport started in America and Martin played a very important role in this movement. He got this inspiration from India or we can say an Indian hero, Mahatma Gandhi, from his Non-cooperation Movement and Satyagraha Movement. He was a true admirer of Gandhiji and always wanted to meet him. After the agitation, the US Supreme Court declared this system of separate seats unconstitutional.

After the great success, one of his friends suggested him visit India and see how Gandhi, whom he was such a great admirer, has coined India? Martin also felt the same and thought to visit India. Martin with his wife and children planned to visit India, he also told that from his childhood days he had a wish to visit India and was very happy to see his dreamland.

Finally, he was in India and he was for a month here from 10 February to 10 March and it was an awakening trip for him. He visited many cities and Universities; he addressed many people, students, and also met with African students. Everywhere he just encouraged people to remove the bars of colour difference and casteism. He encouraged people to love, have peace, and adopt brotherhood by eradicating war and weapons.

When he was in India King Jr. would often go out on the streets for a morning walk in the cities and people used to recognize him, asked him – ‘Are you, Martin Luther King?’ He overwhelmed with the love and support he got in India.

He adopted Gandhiji’s thoughts, views and was called as Gandhiji of America. He was really happy to be in India and he found that there was no discrimination on the basis of skin colour.


Martin Luther King was such a great person even he never felt shame to adopt someone’s idea or thoughts. It is a very big thing and we should really learn from him. His entire life was a struggle and he struggled for others, he lived for others and really brought a change.

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – Martin Luther King: a Hero


A hero is a person who has some extra abilities and always ready to help others. He worked a lot for black people. His main motive was to bring equality in the world. He strongly supported non-violence and promoted peace. He was from a middle-class family but it was his determination that he got Noble prize. He abolished slavery and brought equality and a new definition of independence for everyone in America.

A Man Who Stood for Equality

In Montgomery City, Alabama State, USA there used to be different seats in a bus for white and black. Once a black lady naming Rosa Parks sat on a seat which was reserved for white and she denied leaving the seat for a white woman. As a result, she was arrested quickly. From that day the boycott of the entire bus transport started by blacks. This historic boycott lasted for 381 days. Martin was one of the heroes of this movement in America and it was Mahatma Gandhi his inspiration he started such a big boycott. As a result, the court of America called discrimination unconstitutional. It was a historic achievement for blacks.

The Three Evils

Martin Luther King in his speech marked three evils of the society and they were racism, poverty, and war. The very first one racism, when the whites America were struggling for democracy, at the same time they were also in the favour of dictatorship on black Americans. At this time Luther King encouraged blacks to stay awaken. He inspired people to take steps for this.

Now the second evil was poverty, it was time to get rid of those slum areas, good education and some other factors affecting their society. These factors were badly blacks and were stripping their identity.

The third evil was a war, as it never gives satisfaction and always destroys either it is a place, loss of human, etc. Luther King was against war and violence. He always supported non-violence and promoted peace.

 His Achievements

  • Starting from the year 1957 he won many awards when he was alive as well as some posthumously;
  • Spingarn Medal in 1957
  • Anisfield-Wolf Book Award for Nonfiction in 1959
  • Nobel Peace Prize in 1964
  • Margaret Sanger Awards in 1966
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1966
  • Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album in 1971
  • Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977
  • Congressional Gold Medal in 2004
  • Grammy Hall of Fame in 2012

Some Facts about Luther King

  • Initially, his name was Michael and his father was a pastor at Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church.
  • He was just 15 when he started his college education and he completed his degree in sociology.
  • Luther was imprisoned more than 25 times and during the civil rights for acts of civil disobedience.
  • He was just 35 years old when he received Noble and one of the youngest at that time.
  • There is a national holiday in his name and Luther is only the non-president to hold this honour.
  • His mother was also shot dead by a shooter.


He was a Baptist leader who played a very important role in the American civil rights movement. He was so famous and powerful that many whites didn’t like him and his thoughts as a result he was assassinated in the year 1968. He was born to spread the message of brotherhood and love, not only in his nation but in the entire world. He was equally popular in India and in his visit to India he mentioned the love and affection he got from this country in his book.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 What is ‘Stone of Hope’?

Ans. It is the name of the sculpture of Martin Luther King built at the National Mall in Washington DC.

Q.2 What is the name of the most famous speech of Martin Luther King?

Ans. The name of the most famous speech of Martin Luther King was ‘I have a dream’.

Q.3 Where did Martin Luther King deliver his famous speech?

Ans. Martin Luther King delivered his famous speech in Washington DC the capital of the USA.

Q.4 When did Martin Luther King get the Nobel peace prize?

Ans. Martin Luther King was awarded the Nobel peace prize in 1964 at the age of 35.

Q.5 Why is Martin Luther King known called a hero in America?

Ans. Martin Luther King is called a hero in America as he fought for the equality and rights of African Americans.

Q.6 Which famous boycott was organized by Martin Luther king?

Ans. The famous boycott organized by Martin Luther King was the Montgomery bus boycott.

Q.7 How many times Martin Luther King was imprisoned?

Ans. He was imprisoned 29 times.

Related information:

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

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