Essay on Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti

India has always been a country of great people or great scholars. There have been many prominent people born in this sacred place of our country therefore India is also called the country of scholars. Maharishi Valmiki was one of the greatest people in our country, India. He was a saint and he also believed in the school of simple living and high thinking. He was very knowledgeable as well as a great personality. He is famous throughout the country because he was one of the greatest poets of the ancient time period of India.

Short and Long Essays on Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti in English

So let us take look over the two different essays given below. I hope these essays under words limit of 120 words, 250 words, 400 words, 500 words and 600 words will help you in knowing more about Valmiki Jayanti or Pargat Diwas.

Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) The birth anniversary of saint Valmiki is celebrated as Valmiki Jayanti.

2) Valmiki was the oldest poet and a great saint of India.

3) He was born in the house of Charshani and Sumali as Ratnakkardah.

4) He was also honored as ‘Maharishi’ and ‘Adi Kavi’.

5) On this day, the statue and temple of Rishi Valmiki are decorated.

6) Maharishi Valmiki belonged to Bhrigu Gotra.

7) The great Hindu epic ‘Ramayana’ is written by Maharishi Valmiki.

8) This day is also known as ‘Pargat Diwas’ and falls on Purnima.

9) At an early age, he used to rob and kill people for food.

10) Later he understood the meaning of life and followed the path of liberation.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti

Maharishi Valmiki is one of the greatest poets of our country. He was the son of Charshani and Sumali. He was born in India but his date of birth is yet in controversies because there was no valid record found which can prove or show his exact birth date. But the time periods included in Ramayana that from the first century to the fifth century is devoted to him. His old name was Ratnakkardah but he was famous as Maharishi Valmiki because of his great works. He is the oldest poet in our country.

Saint Valmiki was also honored by the titles “Maharishi” and “Adi Kavi” where “Maharishi” means the ‘great saint or great rishi’ and “Adi Kavi” means the ‘first poet’. He is the one who found out about the first verses or shlokas of Sanskrit. He is also the author of our great holy book ‘Ramayana’ which is the epic of Hindus.

Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti (also known as Pargat Diwas) is one of the famous festivals of the Hindu religion. From the word Jayanti only we can conclude that it must be being celebrated on the occasion of the birthday of the great rishi Valmiki. It is celebrated on the full moon day that is on the day of Purnima. There are many Valmiki temples and Valmiki tirth sthals which are decorated on the occasion of Valmiki Jayanti. The statue of Valmiki is decorated with flowers and flower garlands. This festival is celebrated all over India with a lot of energy and zeal.

Essay 2 (500 – 600 Words) – Maharishi Valmiki: Life History and Valmiki Jayanti Celebration


Maharishi Valmiki is a prominent sage of Satyug. He is the first poet of our country. His first verses were invented on the bank of the holy river, the Ganges. He is also famous for his major role in Uttara Kanda. He also teaches us discipline and way of living through his life events.

Story of Rishi Valmiki from Being a Robber to Sage

Maharishi Valmiki was born in a Hindu family of Bhrigu Gotra. It is said that Valmiki whose previous name was Ratnakkardah was a robber in his early life. He used to rob and kill people without showing any mercy to them. He used to do this for the sake of his family as he had a poor family in which it was difficult to have two times meal.

Once he tried to rob and kill the great sage Narada for feeding his family. When Narada saw him doing this sinful act, he asked him the reason behind doing it. Ratnakkardah replied that he is doing this for his family. Then the great sage Narada asked him that, will his family share the result of the sinful act that he is doing. Ratnakkardah replies positively but Narada asked him to confirm it from his family. When Ratnakkardah went home, he asked his family that if they will share the fruit of his sinful actions but every member of the family denied taking the burden of his sinful acts.

Then Ratnakkardah understood the real meaning of life. He went to sage Narada and asked for his forgiveness then Narada taught him the mantra that can take him to the path of liberation. He said that he cannot say “Rama” as he is a sinner but instead he can chant “Mara”. Ratnakkardah chanted this mantra for so many years and finally, his prayers were heard by lord Rama who is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, and then Ratnakkardah turned into Valmiki.

Valmiki Jayanti ‘Pargat Diwas’ Celebration

Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti is celebrated on the full moon day that is on the day of Purnima in the month of Ashwin (September-October). It is celebrated by lighting Diya and offering flower garlands on the statue or portrait of great sage Valmiki. Few people also go to the temple of maharishi Valmiki to decorate it with flowers and other decorative materials. This festival is celebrated with a lot of love and affection towards the great sage Valmiki.

Invention of First Shloka

“मा निषाद प्रतिष्ठां त्वमगमः शाश्वतीः समाः।

यत्क्रौञ्चमिथुनादेकमवधीः काममोहितम्॥”

“mā niṣāda pratiṣṭhā tvamagamaḥ śāśvatīḥ samāḥ

yat krauñcamithunādekam avadhīḥ kāmamohitam”

“You will find no rest for the long years of Eternity

For, you killed a bird in love and unsuspecting”.

The shloka given above is the first verse which was written by maharishi Valmiki. He composed it while going to river Ganges for his daily meditation. When he went near the Ganges, he sees a couple of crane mating with one another. He became very pleased by seeing it and started enjoying the view.

But this could not go for long and a hunter hunted the male partner and the female partner shouted in the pain of losing her loved one and she died out of shock. By seeing this sage Valmiki became furious on the hunter and chanted the above-given lines out of anger.

Role of Valmiki in Ramayana

Valmiki has played a very vital role in the epic of Ramayana. He is the author of this great holy book. He is also the one who narrated the story of Ramayana to his disciples Lav and Kush who were the children of Sita.


Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti is the birthday of the great sage Valmiki. This festival is also known as Pargat Diwas. Valmiki is the author of the great epic of Hindus that is Ramayana. He is a great sage of ancient India.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Valmiki Jayanti

Q.1 Who celebrates Valmiki Jayanti?

Ans. Hindus especially the members of the Balmiki sect celebrate Valmiki Jayanti.

Q.2 Is Valmiki Jayanti a holiday?

Ans. Valmiki Jayanti is an optional holiday.

Q.3 Who wrote the first Sanskrit Shloka?

Ans. Valmiki wrote the first Sanskrit Shloka.

Q.4 How did Valmiki get his name?

Ans. The word “Valmika” means ant-hill, this name is given to Valmiki as he came out from the ant-hill after tapas.

Q.5 Is Valmiki form of God?

Ans. Valmiki is worshipped as the form of Vishnu by the members of the Balmiki sect.

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