Most of the population of India depends upon agriculture for their livelihood. A farmer is the main keychain between the public and the food. But wait, do we really think about the farmers and the condition of their livelihood anymore? Presently the grip of farmers is getting worse. Farmers are unable to fulfill their basic needs in the present situation. Sometimes government remembers that farmers are also part of society. To justify this very often they take some steps towards farmers.
In terms of this government has introduced a "Farm Bill 2020" for the farmers. In this essay, we will take a look at various topics related to the farm bill; what this bill is all about? Pros and cons of this bill, reasons of the bill being opposed, is this really in favor of farmers? And so on.
Is New Farm Bill 2020 in Favor of Farmers - Long Essay
1300 Words Essay
The government has introduced New Farm Bill 2020in front of the public with the intention of increasing and doubling the profit and income of farmers than before. The provision of this bill is passed by the law to save farmers from the brokers or agents and not binding them to Mandi only, they can sell their crops anywhere in the country and get additional benefits through this. The government with full assurity said in front of the public that this bill will definitely change the situation of farmers.
What is Farm Bill 2020?
The year 2020 has a remarkable month September when the three new agriculture bills has been passed by the Indian parliament by amending the agriculture law, which is generally said to be 'Kisan Bill'. This bill is passed by the Lok Sabha on 17th September and by Rajya Sabha on 20th September. As it is introduced to improve the agriculture rules, it is also said as the 'Agriculture Reform Act 2020', there are three bills as follows:
- Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020
- The farmers can sell his crop outside the registered market or Mandi also. No taxation will be imposed on them.
- Allow setting up of electronic trading system, which has a good impact on agriculture marketing.
- E-commerce will be promoted.
2. Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020
- An improved version of contract farming is introduced, which is already practicing in 20 states.
- In case of crop failure, not only farmers but the company authority will have to compensate.
- Agribusiness firms are restricted to an assured price to be paid which is signed under the agreement of dealing.
3. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020
- This modification predicts that government to invoke ECA (Essential Commodities Act) based on price triggers.
- Edible oils and foods like cereals, onions, and potatoes will get removed from the list of essential commodities.
- Government can regulate this stuff only under certain circumstances like war, famine, and emergency.
- Stock limit will be applicable only when there is a sharp increase in the price.
Is Kisan Bill Necessary?
Well, the answer to this question is definitely yes, but the way of implementation of this bill is not fully justified. The government has introduced some points that are already in use within the country. Let’s understand in simple words, a meaningful message is getting delivered but if we do change the way of delivering the message, the meaning of the message will remain the same, so just like this government has also changed the method of delivering the Agriculture Reform Act but the act is not completely fulfilling the expectations of the public.
The bill should fulfill the requirement of the farmers and their demands. The bill should not exploit the right of the farmers and should not affect their livelihood in the future and many more points that should be considered in this bill.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Kisan Bill 2020
- There will be an increase in private investments in agriculture.
- Through the electronic medium, farmers can sell their products anywhere in the country without any second thought.
- Investments from private companies or business firms will bring revolution in this field; technology of this field will be improved.
- This bill is beneficial for those farmers who have less than five hectares of land.
- Trading of intra state and interstate will be promoted.
Every coin has two faces, it is not necessary that always the two faces of coins will be the same. The same points are involved in this bill if it has advantages then it has disadvantages also, maybe this bill has more disadvantages than advantages. Let’s see some points:
- Middlemen who work in a way to sell the crops of the farmers will be unemployed.
- The digital platform E-NAM will become a needless buddy.
- In the absence of a legal mechanism, the farmers can be exploited by the agribusiness firms.
- Black marketing will be promoted than before, which can indirectly harm the public in a form of raised price of produces.
- Not only farmers there are more chances of exploitation of the public also.
Why this Bill is being Opposed by the Farmers
Farmers of this age have become so concern about their rights, it is not easy for the government or anyone to engulf their rights and move on. In terms of this farm bill farmers are in opposition to the government being concern about their future. There are many points that are lacking in this bill. There are many reasons but the first one is not mentioning anything about MSP (Minimum Support Price) in the bill.
Due to this, there is a prediction of farmers that it can be stopped in the future and it should not be stopped at all. Secondly, the mediators/middlemen will be unemployed and the godowns built by them will become useless. The farmers are also getting a vibe of getting exploit in the future by agribusiness firms and companies. According to farmers if in the future they will not get the price and proper income of their produce and the Mandi system will also get snatched from them, then what will happen to them?
The above-mentioned question has now become so much necessary. Even the Supreme Court being concern about the Farmer's Rights has also stayed about this Farm Bill until the dispute between farmers and the government is solved.
What is MSP?
The expanding form of MSP is the Minimum Support Price which is fixed by the government for a crop. This MSP is applicable to the crops, at present the MSP is applicable on 23 crops. Sugarcane, cotton, barley, gram, lentils, paddy, wheat, mustard rapeseed are some of them. The price of the MSP is fixed by the commission for agriculture cost and prices on the basis of the cost of cultivation over time and it is then delivered to the government.
After taking under consideration this the government announces the MSP. It is something for farmers that raise a ray of hope in farmers because in the given year, even if the price falls in the market due to more crops, the farmer will get a fixed price from the government through MSP.
Is New Farm Bill 2020 in Favor of Farmers?
If we have to justify the question then the answer will be No, because the farmers are the pillars of our society. If they only face the consequences of this bill, then what will happen to the general public? Due to the lack of terms demanded by the farmers, this bill requires too many changes which should be according to the farmers. Questions that arise from the farmers should be answered by the government and by making the essential changes, the bill should be reintroduced.
Conclusion (Solution for the Conflict on this Bill)
The new agriculture bill has too many disadvantages also. This new agriculture law can be made successful by making some changes by the government that can end up the conflict between the farmers and the government. Some steps in terms of this bill should be taken as a committee should be formed in advance regarding contract farming, whose rule can be simpler and helpful for the farmers so that if farmers will get exploit a committee should conduct a fair investigation. As some crops like sugarcane have fixed MSP, then other crops should also get recognized as MSP fixed price crops.
Understanding all the aspects of the New Farm Bill 2020 government can take steps in the interest of farmers, after all, they are the basic structure of our society.
FAQs: FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Ans. Under article 249, the Central Government has interfered in the right of the state and passed the bill.
Ans. The full form of MSP is the Minimum Support Price.
Ans. No, Kisan Bill 2020 is not yet been implemented in the country.
Ans. Three bills were passed by the parliament related to Farm Bill 2020.
Ans. Presently, there are twenty-three crops that have a fixed MSP.