Essay on Hindi Diwas

Hindi Diwas is observed in India on 14th September to commemorate the adoption of Hindi as the official language of India on 14th September 1949. Thus Hindi Diwas is celebrated every year to promote literary work in Hindi and to encourage its use.

Short and Long Essay on Hindi Diwas

Why is Hindi Diwas Observed - Essay 1 (250 Words)

Introduction

Hindi Diwas is observed every year in India on 14th September, to promote the mother tongue and also to make people aware of its benefits and value. It was on the same day in 1949 that the Indian Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi in Devnagari script as the official language of India.

Why is Hindi Diwas Observed on 14th September?

14th September is the birth date of Beohar Rajendra Simha, a notable Hindi writer born on 14th September 1900.

Mr. Simha played a crucial role in crusading for the adoption of Hindi as the official language. He traveled throughout the country to garner support for Hindi. Efforts of Mr. Simha and others were finally rewarded when the Indian Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi (Devnagari) as the official language of India on 14th September 1949, the birth anniversary of Mr. Simha.

Opposition from the States

Adoption of Hindi as the official language faced stiff opposition from many Non-Hindi speaking states like Tamil Nadu, where English was widely used as the official language. Oppositions were also made against the government’s efforts of making Hindi a compulsory subject in schools. The agitations forced the government to withdraw a compulsory Hindi order and make it optional in schools.

Conclusion

India is a country rich in diversity with many languages, cultures, religions, and ethnicities. But, Hindi is the most popular and widely used language in the sub-continent. It not only deserves the status of an official language but also needs to be kept alive by promoting and encouraging new writers and poets.

Institution of Hindi Diwas - Essay 2 (400 Words)

Introduction

Hindi Diwas is observed on 14th September every year on the birth anniversary of a Hindi writer Beohar Rajendra Simha. Mr. Simha was instrumental in garnering support for the adoption of Hindi in Devnagari script as the official language of India.

Institution of Hindi Diwas

The idea for adopting Hindi as the official language of India was first made by Mahatma Gandhi in 1918 during the Akhil Bhartiya Hindi SahityaSammelan.

Subsequently, Beohar Rajendra Simha, who was an eminent Hindi writer, took the responsibility of campaigning for Hindi as the official language. He took others like Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt, and Hazari Prasad Dwivedi; along in his campaign for Hindi. He also traveled far and wide to other states of India, garnering support for the adoption of Hindi as an official language.

Efforts of Mr. Simha and several others finally paid off, on 14th September 1949, when the Indian Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi in Devnagari script as the official language of the Republic of India.

It was also a tribute to the contribution of Mr. Simha to Hindi literature and his efforts for making Hindi an official language, as 14th September was also his birth date.

Events and Awards

Several literary events are held on Hindi Diwas. Either they are sponsored by the government or other literary organizations. Essay competitions, speech, and poetry competitions are held in colleges and universities.

Some major awards distributed on Hindi Diwas are given below-

  • Rajbhasha Gaurav Award

This award is given for original book writing in Hindi in genre – knowledge, travel, science, etc. It entails a cash prize and a certificate for the encouragement of the writers.

  • Official Language Award

Official language award is given to an organization for making commendable efforts for the use of Hindi as an official language. The award is given by the Department of Official Languages that works under the Ministry of Home affairs.

  • Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar

This award is given to the offices under the central government, banks, and others for publishing yearly magazines in Hindi. However, there is no monetary award given and rather a certificate is provided to the concerned organization.

Conclusion

Hindi is the mother tongue of India and is among the widely spoken languages of the sub-continent. There is an urgent need to promote Hindi at the national and international level to give it its due respect. When Hindi diminishes, India too will lose its true identity.

Essay on Hindi Diwas

Hindi Diwas: History, Celebration and Significance - Essay 3 (600 Words)

Introduction

Hindi Diwas is observed on 14th September every year to commemorate the adoption of Hindi (Devnagari script) as the official language of India. The Legislative Assembly of India passed a resolution in this regard on 14th September 1949.

Hindi Diwas - History

Nearly four decades before the independence, Akhil Bhartiya Hindi SahityaSammelanor All India Hindi Literature Conference, was established on 1st May 1910. It was constituted to promote Hindi and also to encourage writers.

Attending a conference in 1918, Mahatma Gandhi had advocated for establishing Hindi as an official language of India as it is the language of the masses.

At the time of independence, choosing the official language was a bone of contention for the constituent assembly. Many freedom fighters, Hindi laureates, etc advocated for Hindi in Devnagari script as the official language. Some of the famous names crusading for Hindi to be adopted as an official language of the Republic of India were – Hindi literary writer Beohar Rajendra Simha, novelist Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, freedom fighter DattatreyaBalkrishnaKalelkar and Hindi poet Maithili Sharan Gupt among others.

The efforts of Beohar Rajendra Simha in this regard were the most notable of them all. He toured extensively to southern India collecting support for Hindi. He was also the President of Akhil Bhartiya Hindi SahityaSammelan.

The efforts of Beohar Rajendra Simha bore fruits when the Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi in Devnagari script as the official language of India on 14th September 1949, on the birth date of Mr. Simha.

Celebration

Many events are held all throughout India on the occasion of Hindi Diwas. Official language week is also held in schools, colleges, and offices. Events like poetry competitions in Hindi and essay writing, etc are held to encourage students and others for using Hindi as a communication language.

Masses are told about the literary richness of Hindi and the benefits of using it. Debates are organized by several Hindi organizations and the government, in which people are told to keep Hindi alive by using it often in vocal and written communication.

During the days of celebration, government employees are used to using Devnagari Hindi as the language for all communications. Several awards like the Rajbhasha Gaurav Awards, Official Language Award are distributed.

Several political leaders both from the ruling as well as opposition parties take part in several celebratory events to promote Hindi and encourage writers, poets, and laureates.

Significance

Hindi in Devnagari script is the widely spoken language in the Indian subcontinent. It is also one of the oldest languages, developed in 1st to 4th century CE.

According to a survey around thirty crore people in India use Hindi as their mother tongue. Another forty crores use any one of the fifty dialects of Hindi.

Despite being so popular a language Hindi is losing its hold and is dying slowly due to the increasing popularity of English. Today English is widely used in schools, colleges, and universities of India. It is also the only official language used by private organizations and business houses. Though English is the need of time, it should not be promoted at the cost of Hindi.

Hindi Diwas is very important for it keeps Hindi alive among the masses and is very significant in promoting it. People realize the value of their mother tongue and make efforts to elevate it and keep it alive.

Conclusion

Hindi is the mother tongue of almost 50% of the people of India and also Devnagari is one of the oldest and widely spoken languages. If Hindi loses its sheen, it would be equal to the nation losing its identity. Therefore, it is important to celebrate Hindi Diwas with complete dedication and honesty.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Which was the first state in India to adopt Hindi as the official language?

Ans. Bihar was the first state in India to adopt Hindi as the official language.

Q.2 When was Hindi declared as the official language of India?

Ans. Hindi was declared the official language of India in 1950.

Q.3 How many letters are there in Hindi varnamala?

Ans. There are 52 letters in Hindi varnamala.

Q.4 Which is the first epic in the history of Hindi literature?

Ans. The poem 'Prithiviraj Raso' written by Chand Bardai is the first epic in the history of Hindi literature.

Q.5 What was the name of the first Hindi newspaper published in India?

Ans. Udant Martand was the first Hindi newspaper published in India.