Essay on Higher Education in India

Higher Education

In India, higher education is an important aspect in anyone’s life it gives students to learn more about anything and to pursue in that field. However, there are some challenges that Higher Education in Indi is facing and it need to be discussed. Since, India has one of the oldest education systems and is considered to be the pioneer in higher education in the world as it had Nalanda University.

Short and Long Essay on Status of Higher Education in India in English

Here is a long essay mentioned which tells about Higher education system in India including good, bad and what needs to focused to improve and other aspects.

10 Lines Essay on Higher Education in India (100-120 Words)

1) Higher education is considered the last stage of academic learning.

2) Higher studies are done after the successful completion of secondary education.

3) Colleges and universities are responsible for providing higher education.

4) India possesses a low level of about 23.6% higher education.

5) Many universities in India are unable to fulfill the criteria set by UGC.

6) Central, State, deemed, and private universities are the four higher education sectors in India.

7) Associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral are the four higher education degrees in India.

8) India stands 59th among 64 countries in terms of the education system.

9) Political interference, unavailability of facilities, lack of faculties, etc are the barriers to higher education in India.

10) India’s higher education condition can be improved by setting up good private institutions or through a partnership with foreign countries.

Long Essay on Higher Education in India – 1500 Words


Higher Education for any student in the world are as important as basic important. It not only gives student to learn more about any specialization, but also makes understand student the practicality of that subject. Higher education in India means a degree learning and understanding more about a particular subject. Higher education in India includes Bachelors, Masters, Diploma and Doctorate program in a particular discipline.

Various institutes offer higher education in India and they are called Colleges and Universities. A record of 2015 mentions there are 760 universities and 38,498 colleges in India. These colleges provide education in various fields and works on practical development of students.

National Education Policy and Higher Education

To increase the GER to half continuously by 2035, NEP 2020 wants to make it continuous for half a century. It’s estimated that 3.5 crore or significantly more spots can be allocated to higher education organizations to make this agreement a reality.

A multi-disciplinary curriculum can be combined with courses in professional fields. One or both of the UG projects may last 3 or 4 years. There will be a variety of leave alternate options, and appropriate “certificates” will be issued to the understudies during their residency. The first year of study will conclude with a certificate, the second year with a preliminary confirmation, the third year with a Bachelor’s degree and the last year ending with a degree that demonstrates research insight at the end of the fourth year. A credit bank for academic development will be set up to track credits students acquire over the length of their academic journey.

Different classes of colleges will appear in accordance with the vision and mission of instructional organizations, such as educating serious colleges, research-centered colleges, and universities that grant degrees autonomously. Organizations will be granted independence in 15 years as the school association methodology is gradually eliminated.

Higher Education versus Skill Acquisition

Generally we don’t consider on skill acquisition in India. We are totally focused on theoretical part of education. This has been an issue. This issue causes a lot of students to be inferior while telling about their SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats).

Skill acquisition means to accomplish any specialty. It can be in studies or in any field. But, when we put the skills in front of higher education, things seem to be little bit different. People are busy with their curriculum so that they cannot find what their skills are. This disturbs them while choosing a job or figuring out their career field.

Studies that require skill development are not generally conducted by institutes. Finding and incorporating skills can provide chances of discovering yourself in your field. Even, in engineering people need to focus on presentation and speaking but they are not part of their curriculum. This leads to people doing jobs in a call centre and it discourages many students to stop themselves from growing.

Apart from all these, Indian education system is quite different especially in North India. The roots of this starts from class 10th, parents decide student’s future and tells them what to do. If they score well in class 10th then they are asked to either go with science. If their marks are average then they are asked to go for commerce and below average students are supposed to go with humanities stream. Sometimes these streams feel like a caste system in India. Parents never give time to understand what students want to do, what is their hobby and what do they want to pursue.

During the time of placements or job interview, people do not know what a SWOT analysis is. SWOT denotes Strength Weaknesses Opportunities and Threats. It allows any person to identify their negative and positive parts and work on it so that they can deliver their work. Many institutions don’t do that ultimately leads to drastic failure of students.

Skill acquisition and know strengths are important part of life. In the higher education field we should not study only getting a degree or to get a job but we should look completely over the skills so that we can utilize our strengths into what it suits us.

Higher Education Issues and Challenges in India

In India, Higher Education faces some challenges and issues that need to be seen by government. When compared with other agricultural nations, India has a very low level of advanced education, which is just 26.3%. In India, many schools and colleges do not meet the basic requirements set by the UGC, which renders them unable to position themselves from among top colleges around the globe.

  • Enrollment and Faculties

More than 670 colleges exist in India today, no less than 38,000 universities, 817000 instructors and educators, and more than 28000000 understudies registered. School, college, student, and instructor numbers keep developing every year. The courses available to understudies are diverse. The number of students applying for master’s programs across the country exceeds 140,000,000. More than 20490000 understudies are enrolled in post-graduate programs. The year 2014 was selected for both research and confirmation to cover around 1370000 understudies.

  • Quality Education

Attempting to expand new universities requires swindling money from understudies and their families. Long-term problems with quality training have been caused by deficiencies in staff and the inability of the state educational framework to draw in and retain good educators. Despite the abundance of job opportunities in advanced education, a large number of NET/PhD competitors are unemployed. Due to market opportunities and pioneering enthusiasm, numerous establishments are utilizing the carelessness of the administrative climate to offer ‘degrees’ not verified by Indian specialists, and a lot of foundations are obtaining funds by creating fake NGOs. Understudies from rural and semi-urban foundations regularly enroll in these organizations and universities.

  • Standards

However, in India, numerous colleges and schools have not met the UGC’s low standards. Consequently, we are not in position to place among the top universities in the world. Furthermore, reduced administrative financial assistance negatively impacts small and rural educational institutions. Thus, only a small number of first-class students can attend advanced education, reducing general access.

Higher Education as an agent of change

Higher education’s mission is to address large challenges and lead exploration in areas that are in need throughout the world, thereby supporting social values like welfare and social commitment. It is possible to be surprised to discover you are naturally talented in a certain area of math, to have a particular preference for moving, or to find a particular creator you enjoy more than others. Their time should be managed well, they should step up, and they should stay on top of things. It is these skills that can be applied to everyday concerns, from maintaining one’s living space to being a strong person to dominating at one’s job.

Today’s marketplace requires business people to have administration skills, progressive theoretical aptitudes, and development-improved learning abilities. Not just a couple of high school and college graduates are required. By doing this, it will enable schools to make the changes in curricular content, instructional methods, and task plans needed to ensure an undeniably strong link between what students in their institutions are learning and what graduates are reasonably expected to do. As a result, all understudies will have a better educational experience and prepare to function as managers with their multicultural smoothness.

Ideally, the new hire will possess the relevant experience, knowledge, and affiliations; this will allow him/her to stay on the cutting edge of the industry and interface such cutting edge practices to the development of the association. Aware of complex authoritative construction and implementing that information with discernment abilities and higher-request thinking, the hiring manager additionally expects that the new hire will develop a strong, encompassing, and flexible grasp of the organization.

Importance of Higher Education

Institutions today provide their students with various programs that prepare them to enter different economic areas, assist them with remaining in the work market for long, and keep pace with the changes in the worldwide economy and changes in technological advancements. Innovation and development are driven by advanced education. The majority of enormous universities suggest that students not settle on a space of focus until after their first year, or maybe even their sophomore year. While you might not be sure which employment you are interested in pursuing, you should remain mindful that academic environments are probably the best grounds to examine your options and settle on your choice.

Having the ability to distinguish and deal with issues in an appropriate way is beneficial for both personal and professional activities. This course teaches you basic reasoning skills no matter what you’re learning, from how to approach a scholarly thesis to how to operate a motor.


Higher Education in India needs to be emphasized in a good way. The matter is that it should not be limited to only getting a degree and getting a job. Institutes providing higher education should ensure that focusing on practical and skill based knowledge are quite important in the field. If this can be achieved then we won’t be having corporate slaves, rather than we would be having great leaders and productive candidates who would be delivering their best in their respective fields.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Which is the biggest university in India?

Ans. GB Pant University is the biggest university in India.

Q.2 Which was the first University to receive A++ NAAC?

Ans. Jawaharlal Nehru University was the first to receive A++ NAAC.

Q.3 What is the full form of UGC?

Ans. UGC stands for University Grants Commission.

Q.4 Which was the first university in the world?

Ans. Nalanda is considered to be the first University in the world.