Essay on Earth

After getting tired from work, the place where we go and relax is our home. Home is not only a physical space it is a place where we get comfortable. Apart from our brick and stone houses the global house that gives shed to every living thing is our Mother Earth. We think that we cannot live without food or without sleep but do we live without Earth? Not only home, Earth provides us with all the necessity to survive. To know more about this planet and its importance, let us discuss Earth in detail.

Earth Essay in English

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Earth in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays will also be helpful for students preparing for different competitive exams.

10 Lines Essay on Earth (100 – 120 Words)

1) Planet Earth is positioned third from the Sun in solar system.

2) The only known planet to support life in solar system is Earth.

3) It looks bright blue and green in color.

4) It ranks fifth in size among the planets of our solar system.

5) The shape of Earth is sphere.

6) The core, crust, and mantle are the three layers of Earth.

7) About 71% of Earth’s surface is covered by water.

8) It takes 24 hours for the Earth to complete one rotation on its axis.

9) The Earth takes about 365.25 days to orbit the Sun.

10) We should protect our Earth to live a healthy life on it.

Essay on Earth (250 – 300 Words)


Earth is said to be the fifth largest planet in our solar system. It is the only planet which is capable of supporting life. According to scientists, Earth was created many millions of years ago. With its vast and diverse ecosystems, Earth is a unique and beautiful planet that has been home to a wide array of species for billions of years.

Earth: Supporting Lives

Earth is a planet like no other, uniquely capable of supporting a vast array of life forms. On Earth, the conditions necessary for life are provided by elements such as air, water, and land. Our planet’s atmosphere works as a protective shield, keeping the exact balance of gases required for breathing. The planet Earth is inhabited not just by humans but also by millions of other plant and animal species.

Layers of Earth

There are three main layers of the Earth. The topmost or the outer layer is the crust made up of minerals and rocks. The mantle is made up of solid rock that is hot and full of iron and magnesium. Lastly, the Earth’s core is at its heart. This layered structure keeps the Earth stable and helps natural processes like plate tectonics and volcanic activity happen.


The Earth is a unique and amazing planet that has all the right conditions for life to grow. But as we all know that life is not possible on any of the other planet, it is our duty to conserve Earth. We should take proper steps to ensure a sustainable future for ourselves and the coming generations.

Long Essay on Earth (500 Words)


Earth is the ultimate mother, nurturing and supporting all life on this planet. Just like a mother provides nourishment to her children, the Earth provides the resources and conditions necessary for life. It offers us food, water, and shelter, just as a mother does. Just as a mother sacrifices her own needs for the well-being of her children, the Earth has endured countless changes and challenges to ensure the survival of the diverse species that call it home.

A Look at Mother Earth

The term ‘Earth’ originated from the Germanic word meaning “the ground,” and millions of years ago, it was formed in a corner of the Milky Way galaxy. Our home planet, Earth, is the fifth largest of all the planets in the solar system. It is located in the third position from the Sun. The earth makes a full rotation around the sun in the course of 364 days and 6 hours. In 24 hours, the planet rotates on its axis just as it does in revolution. Approximately 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water, which encompasses oceans, rivers, and seas, among others. The Earth consists of three layers – the core, mantle, and crust – with the outermost layer being the one we inhabit, composed of rocks.

What Makes Earth Unique

Among the planets in our Solar System, Earth is unique in its ability to sustain life. It’s ideal positioning relative to the Sun, neither too close nor too far, along with the presence of essential elements, has allowed for the formation of landforms and bodies of water. The atmosphere works as a shield, blocks harmful radiation from the sun, and keeps temperatures stable. Consequently, life on Earth has thrived, with water bodies housing aquatic creatures like fish, whales, and seahorses, while landforms provide habitats for plants, animals, and insects.

Human Impact on Earth’s Environment

Human activities have had a damaging impact on the Earth, disrupting the natural balance with nature. Overexploitation of resources has negatively affected the planet and its inhabitants. Unfortunately, human activities, such as pollution and environmental damage, are causing rapid harm to the Earth, posing a threat to our own survival. From the burning of fossil fuels to deforestation and industrialization, humans have significantly altered the Earth’s ecosystems. Moreover, the extinction of animals and birds and the degradation of our surroundings suggest that we are heading towards a bleak future. To ensure the survival of humanity, it is crucial to protect and care for the Earth.


It has always been our duty to safeguard the planet we inhabit, but rather than fulfilling our responsibilities, we often act selfishly, contributing to the pollution of our environment. It is crucial for us to collaborate in efforts to plant more trees and reduce the use of plastic. All living organisms rely on the Earth for their existence, so we should use the resources provided by nature responsibly. Additionally, we must limit our reliance on non-renewable resources to provide a better planet for the generations to come.

I hope the above provided essay on earth will be helpful in understanding the Earth and its importance.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Earth

Q.1 Which planet is called a Blue Planet?

Ans. Earth is called a Blue Planet due to the presence of about 71% water in it.

Q.2 When Earth Day is celebrated?

Ans. Every year 22 April is celebrated as the Earth Day.

Q.3 How old is Earth?

Ans. Earth is about 4.54 billion years old.

Q.4 Why Earth is called mother?

Ans. Earth is referred to as mother Earth because just like a mother, Earth gives us life and everything to survive.

Q.5 How long will Earth survive?

Ans. It is expected that Earth will survive more four billions years from now.