Essay on Earthquake

Life is very precious, not only for humans but for every living organisms. They care for their life very much. But there are many threats to their life. Some are created by them itself while other are caused due to natural causes. Humans can control their activities but can’t nature. There are many dangerous natural calamities that can affect life as well as property. One of them is earthquake. It can have life-threatening effect on every living creature. To understand earthquake, its effect, and prevention; today, we will discuss earthquake in detail.

Earthquake Essay in English

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Earthquake in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays will be helpful for students as well as to general public to know more about Earthquake.

10 Lines Essay on Earthquake (100 – 120 Words)

1) Earthquakes are natural events that occur when the Earth’s crust shakes.

2) It can happen anywhere on Earth and are unpredictable.

3) Earthquakes are more common near tectonic plate boundaries.

4) Earthquakes can vary in duration, from just a few seconds to several minutes.

5) It can make buildings, bridges, and other structures collapse.

6) People often feel a sudden jolt or shaking during an earthquake.

7) Some animals have the ability to sense earthquakes before they happen.

8) Earthquakes can be caused by natural processes or by human activities.

9) Earthquakes can also trigger landslides and tsunamis in coastal areas.

10) It can cause injuries and even death if people are not prepared or in safe locations.

Essay on Earthquake (250 – 300 Words)


The word “earthquake” comes from the Greek words “earth,” which means “land,” and “quake,” which means “to shake or vibrate.” Therefore, we can say that an earthquake is a sudden shaking of the Earth’s surface that is the movement of tectonic plates. Earthquakes are unquestionably a horrible natural calamity that can takes place anywhere on the Earth. It can also do a lot of damage to people and things depending on its magnitude.

Types of Earthquake

Earthquakes have been put into many different groups depending on their type and effects.  The four types of earthquake are:

Tectonic Earthquake: This type of earthquake happens when the slab of unevenly shaped rocks that lie under the earth’s crust moves. This causes friction, resulting in earthquakes.

Volcanic Earthquake: A volcanic earthquake is an earthquake caused by volcanic action. These types of shocks aren’t as strong. When lava moves, it puts pressure on and changes the rock around it, which causes earthquakes.

Collapse Earthquake: It is the third type of earthquake that can happen in mines and tunnels.

Explosive Earthquake: An explosive earthquake is the fourth kind of earthquake. This is caused by the testing of nuclear bombs.


Earthquakes are big natural disasters that have and will continue to cause devastating damage. Earthquakes only last a few seconds, but they can cause harm that is hard to imagine. Even though they can’t be predicted, there are some things you can do to be better prepared in case one does happen. Therefore proper precaution is necessary to minimize its effect.

Long Essay on Earthquake (500 Words)


Natural disasters are terrible things that happen to people. One example of this is an earthquake. Earthquakes happen instantly, usually with no notice, and can cause a lot of damage. Its roots can be found in the early days of earth’s creation. Our planet has had both big and small earthquakes for hundreds of years. But not all earthquakes are strong and damaging. These are sometimes small and weak. Some of these are so mild that people don’t even realize they’ve happened.

What is an Earthquake?

Earthquake is type of natural disaster causes immense destruction including huge loss of life. It occurs due to sudden release of high energy in the Earth’s crust. This energy is usually the result of tectonic plate movements. When these plates rub against each other, they can cause a build-up of pressure. Eventually, this pressure becomes too great and causes the plates to slip or break, resulting in an earthquake. The energy released travels in the form of seismic waves, which cause the shaking motion that we feel during an earthquake. However, earthquakes can also occur due to volcanic activity or human-induced causes, such as mining or the injection of fluid into the ground.

Consequences of Earthquake

Earthquakes can be incredibly hazardous and have the potential to cause devastating effects on the environment and human settlements. The shaking motion during an earthquake can cause buildings to collapse, destroying homes, schools, and other structures. This can result in the loss of lives and injuries to humans and animals. Significant losses can also be caused by fires started in electric and gas pipes as a result of an earthquake. Furthermore, earthquakes can trigger secondary hazards such as landslides, tsunamis, and aftershocks.

Precautions during Earthquake

As earthquakes are unpredictable and can occur at any time, it is crucial to take precautions to ensure the safety of individuals and communities. Some essential precautions include:

1. Have knowledge of safe spots within the house during an earthquake.

2. Ensure that heavy furniture, appliances, and other objects are properly secured can help prevent them from dropping over during an earthquake.

3. Practice the “Drop, Cover, and Hold On” method which means we must drop at the ground then get covered under any strong furniture, and hold on until shaking due to earthquake stops.

4. Avoid using elevators, choose stairs.

5. Don’t stand or sit near heavy object that can be drop.

6. If have time, run towards the open area.

7. If you feel an earthquake while driving, stay in the car and move away from buildings.


Scientists have tried their best to predict earthquakes, but they haven’t been able to figure out when they will happen. Understanding the causes of earthquakes and taking precautionary measures can help minimize the impact and increase safety. It is important for individuals and communities to be prepared and educated on how to respond during an earthquake, as it can save lives and reduce the long-term consequences of this natural phenomenon.

I hope the above provided essay on earthquake will be helpful in understanding different aspects of this dangerous natural disaster.

FAQs: Frequently asked Questions on Earthquake

Q.1 What is the highest magnitude of earthquake?

Ans. A magnitude 9.5 earthquake was the biggest one ever recorded. A magnitude 10 earthquake is not possible because of the faults in the earth.

Q.2 Which instrument is used to measure earthquake?

Ans. A seismograph is the main tool for measuring earthquakes. The seismograph makes a digital visual record of how the seismic waves move.

Q.3 Which was the dangerous earthquake happened in world?

Ans. The Valdivia Earthquake, also called the “Great Chilean earthquake,” was the strongest earthquake ever measured. The earthquake lasted about 10 minutes and had a magnitude of about 9.5.

Q.4 Which area is more earthquake prone in India?

Ans. The area most likely to have earthquakes includes Kashmir, the Western and Central Himalayas, North and Middle Bihar, North-East India, the Rann of Kutch, and the islands of Andaman and Nicobar.

Q.5 Which animal can sense earthquake?

Ans. Rats, weasels, centipedes, snakes, dogs, horse, birds, etc can sense earthquake.