Chandrashekhar Azad is a famous name in the list of Indian revolutionaries, who sacrificed their all for the cause of independence of the motherland. In the essays below, we will know many interesting facts about the life and struggle of Chandrashekhar Azad.
Short and Long Essays on Chandrashekhar Azad
Essay 1 (250 Words) - Chandrashekhar Azad: A Revolutionist
Chandrashekhar Azad was a brave heart and a revolutionary born on Indian soil, who will always be remembered for his revolutionary activities. His daredevil acts have made him a hero among Indian youths. True to his name, he was never captured by the British after a series of activities against the Empire.
A Quick Reckoner of Revolutionary Activities
Chandrashekhar Azad was associated with the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which was later named as Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928. Both organizations carried out a series of revolutionary activities against the British Rule and Chandrasekhar Azad was at the helm of activities. Some of the major revolutionary activities involving Chandrasekhar Azad are listed below -
- Kakori Train Robbery
The train robbery was held on 9th August 1925 at Kakori near Lucknow, by Chandrasekhar Azad and other members of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA). The aim was to fund the revolutionary activities of the association.
- Blowing up Viceroy’s Train
Chandrasekhar Azad was also involved in blowing up the train carrying viceroy, Lord Irwin on 23rd December 1926. Though the train was derailed, viceroy escaped unhurt.
- Saunders Murder
Chandrasekhar Azad along with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru was involved in the murder of a probationary police officer John Saunders on 17th December 1928, to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.
Chandrashekhar Azad was confronted by the police while hiding in Azad Park, Allahabad. He fired shots at police in retaliation but took the last bullet himself, as he didn’t want to be captured.
His name was Azad and he died free. Refusing to be captured and treated in an inhuman way by the British Empire.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - Azad: A Young Revolutionary
The name of Chandrasekhar Azad in the Indian freedom struggle needs no introduction. He is a well-known and well-respected name in the list of Indian revolutionaries. His young age and fearlessness made him instantly popular with the youths of India.
Azad – A Young Revolutionary
At a very young age, Azad got motivated to take part in anti-British movements. While he was studying in Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi, and was only 15 years old, he actively participated in the non-cooperation movement, formulated by Mahatma Gandhi. He was among the few youngest participants jailed for participating in the non-cooperation movement.
Just 15, is a too young age for a boy to take part in freedom movements, but Azad was adamant about fighting his way to make his country free. Azad wasn’t very happy when Gandhi called off the non-cooperation movement in 1922, following the Chauri Chaura incident.
HRA, HSRA and Supports
After Gandhi called off the non-cooperation movement in 1922, Azad came in contact with Ram Prasad Bismil who had founded Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), an association involved in revolutionary activities.
Chandrashekhar Azad was supported by many veteran leaders like Motilal Nehru who regularly gave money for the support of HRA. He also enjoyed the support of many other Congress leaders of that time, especially when he was living with a changed identity as Pundit Harishankar Brahmachari near Jhansi in United Province, present-day Uttar Pradesh.
Six years down the line, Chandrashekhar Azad formed Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) along with Bhagat Singh, Ashfaqullah Khan, Sukhdev Thapar, and Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee.
Kakori Train Robbery
Kakori train conspiracy is a train robbery that was carried out on 9th August 1925, between Kakori and Lucknow. The robbery was conceived by Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan with the intent to fund the revolutionary activities of HRA and to purchase weapons for the organization.
The train carrying money for the government treasury was looted by Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan, Chandrashekhar Azad, Rajendra Lahiri, and other HRA members. Only the money, around Rs 1 lakh, present in the Guard’s coach was looted.
Betrayal and Death
On 27th February 1931, Azad was hiding in Azad Park in Allahabad. One of his old accomplices named Virbhadra Tiwari, turned police informer and informed it about Azad’s presence. Confronted by the police, Azad fired from his Colt pistol, but when he was left with only one bullet, he shot himself.
Azad would say to his friends that he will never be caught and will always be free. In fact, he carried an extra bullet to kill himself just in case if the arrest becomes inevitable.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - Chandrashekhar Azad: Family and Revolutionary Activities
Chandrashekhar Azad or simply known as ‘Azad’ was an Indian revolutionary who was the contemporary of other revolutionaries like, Sardar Bhagat Singh, Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan, etc. He was involved in many revolutionary activities to out throw the British rule from Indian soil.
Azad – The Free
There is a short but very interesting incident that attached the title ‘Azad’ to the name of Chandrasekhar Tiwari, which is the birth name of Chandrasekhar Azad.
While, only 15 years old, Azad was jailed for taking part in the non-cooperation movement. When the young boy was presented in front of a magistrate and asked about his credentials; he replied saying that his name is ‘Azad’; father’s name is ‘Swatantrata’ (independence) and his residence is ‘jail’ (prison).
After this incident, ‘Azad’ became a title and Chandrasekhar Tiwari became popular as ‘Chandrasekhar Azad’.
Family and Influences
Azad’s forefathers were originally from Badarka village, situated on Kanpur – Raibareli road in present-day Unnao district. He was born on 23rd July 1906 in Babhra village, Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh. His mother’s name was Jagrani Devi Tiwari, who was the third wife of Sitaram Tiwari.
The family was initially living in Badarka village in Kanpur but moved to Alirajpur after the birth of their first child (Azad’s elder brother) Sukhdev.
Chandrasekhar Azad’s mother wanted him to become a Sanskrit scholar. With this pretext, she sends him to Kashi Vidyapeeth in Banaras, present-day Varanasi. While he was studying in Varanasi, in 1921, Gandhi Ji launched a non-cooperation movement and appealed to the youths to participate in the movement in large numbers.
Azad was influenced by the movement and participated in it with full enthusiasm. He was also jailed for actively participating in the movement. When Gandhi Ji called off the non-cooperation movement in 1922, in wake of the Chauri Chaura incident’ Chandrasekhar Azad wasn’t very happy with the termination of the movement and from there onwards his adopted a more revolutionary approach.
After the suspension of the non-cooperation movement, Chandrasekhar Azad came in contact with Ram Prasad Bismil, who was the founder of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), an association involved in revolutionary activities. Later HRA became HSRA – Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
Chandrashekhar Azad was involved in many significant revolutionary activities targeting British rule. He was the main suspect in Kakori train robbery, in which a train carrying money bags meant for the British government’s treasury. The money was looted to fund revolutionary activities against the British carried by the HRA.
He was also involved in an attempt to blow up the train carrying the viceroy of India, Lord Irwin; though the train was derailed, the viceroy escaped unhurt.
Chandrashekhar Azad along with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru was involved in the murder of a probationary police officer John Saunders at Lahore in present-day Pakistan. The conspiracy was hacked to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai in police action.
Death and Legacy
Azad died on 27th February 1931 at Alfred Park in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. The park was renamed ‘Azad Park’ after independence. Azad was hiding with one of his companions Sukhdev Raj in the park on a fateful day. An old accomplish turned traitor and informed police about the duo’s presence in the park.
Azad hid behind a tree and retaliated to the police shots by firing from his Colt pistol. He also let Sukhdev Raj escape. When only one bullet was left, Azad shot himself and attained martyrdom.
A life lived like a warrior and in the service of the nation, to get her free from British rule. There were very few who displayed the same courage as Chandrashekhar Azad.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Chandrasekhar Azad was born on 23rd July 1906 in Bhabhra village of Madhya Pradesh.
Ans. The 115th birth anniversary will be celebrated in 2021.
Ans. Chandrasekhar Azad became a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association in 1924.
Ans. Chandrasekhar Azad did the shooting practice in the forest of Orchha situated 15km from Jhansi.
Ans. Chandrasekhar Azad shoot himself as he did not want to die as a captive of Britishers.