‘COVID 19’ or ‘novel coronavirus’ disease is a disease caused by acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus - 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which is a newly discovered member of the Coronaviruses family. In the essays below we will go through - detection and treatment of COVID 19, what causes it, preventive measures, its symptoms, and treatments, etc.
Short and Long Essay on Novel Coronavirus Disease - COVID 19
Essay 1 (250 Words) - How to Detect and Treat COVID 19
In November 2019, China was woken up by the spread of a mysterious disease with pneumonia-like symptoms. The only difference is that this disease was different from general pneumonia and the affected were not responding to usual pneumonia treatment. Since then the disease called COVID 19 has spread to the rest of the world causing 1.05 Million deaths globally.
COVID 19 Detection and Treatment
Symptoms of COVID 19 are similar to those observed in normal flu, making the detection of the disease more difficult. Symptoms like fever, cough, and shortness of breath, and chest congestion are observed. Often the infected person confuses the disease with flu, which further delays the treatment.
COVID 19 is detected by tests conducted by certified laboratories with a special COVID 19 testing kit.
There is no sure shot cure for the COVID 19 disease. The modus operandi is to treat the symptoms and the recovery, at last, depends on how the patient responds to the treatment. Once the treatment begins, the patient is tested for the strain of the virus every 48 hours. The treatment is continued, keeping the patient in complete quarantine, till the tests come negative. The patient is discharged only after two consecutive tests come negative.
COVID 19 is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus – 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which has a distinct ability to travel from one person to person through touch, surface contact, or through the air. If an infected person sneezes, in all possibility he/she spreads the virus in the air, which settles down on various surfaces and infect the person who comes in contact. Washing hands regularly and avoiding physical contact are important proactive measures to prevent COVID 19.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - COVID 19: A Global Pandemic
COVID 19 is a disease that affects the respiratory system of humans. It was first discovered after an outbreak in Wuhan, China in December 2019. Since then the disease has spread fast to the rest of the world.
COVID 19 – A Global Pandemic
Since the disease was first reported to the country office of the World Health Organization (WHO) in Wuhan, China on 31st December 2019, it has spread to over more than 180 countries, sending the world into a panic.
Due to its widespread globally, the World Health Organization had declared COVID 19 as a public health emergency of global concern. After the cases of COVID 19 were confirmed in a large number of countries, it was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11th March 2020.
All over the globe, a total of 7,863,044 active COVID 19 cases have been reported and so far the global death count is 1,055,644. India accounts for 9,10,275 cases and 104,591 deaths, of the global figures. The figures presented here are as of 7th October 2020.
What Causes COVID 19?
COVID 19 is caused by a virus of the Coronaviruses family. This virus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus – 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is known to the world for the first time. Since the virus is entirely new there is no cure for the disease it causes, and this is the most troubling truth that the world faces today.
SARS-CoV-2 is from the same family of viruses that have been responsible for diseases like SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome).
Preventive Measures for COVID 19
In wake of the information that there is no cure for COVID 19, at least for now, so it becomes very important to adhere to the guidelines issued by the World Health Organization to prevent the spread of the disease.
- The disease spreads from human to human contact; therefore practice personal hygiene at all levels.
- Social distancing is very useful in containing the spread of disease.
- Wash your hands regularly.
- The virus enters the body through the mouth, eyes, and nose; therefore, avoid touching your face with hands.
- If symptoms of flu are developed which get worsened with time; report immediately to the concerned authorities.
The cure for COVID 19 is yet to be found; therefore, prevention of the disease is the only method to contain it. It is our duty to adhere to the advice of the medical fraternity so that no more lives are lost to this global pandemic.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - What Makes COVID 19 So Lethal
COVID 19 is an abbreviation for coronavirus disease 2019. Coronaviruses are a group of a large family of viruses that have been responsible for respiratory ailments in mammals and birds. COVID-19 is a new virus of the family, which was discovered in Wuhan, China in December 2019.
What is COVID 19?
COVID 19 is a strain of the same coronavirus family that had been identified before for causing serious respiratory diseases in humans. The same family of viruses was responsible for the outbreak of SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) in 2000 and MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) in 2017.
However, in November 2019, a more lethal strain of the coronavirus family was discovered in Wuhan, China. This virus was genetically of the same coronavirus family but was not known before. It was thus named – severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus – 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the disease it caused is called the ‘novel coronavirus disease’ or ‘COVID 19’.
What Makes COVID 19 So Lethal?
The virus SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID 19 has been discovered for the first time. Though the symptoms of COVID 19 are similar to the seasonal flu; scientists and doctors have been studying flu for decades. There is no element of surprise in the flu as in the case of COVID 19. Less or absolutely no knowledge about its treatment or how long is it going to stay, makes COVID 19 make more lethal than any other disease.
Another most important factor that makes COVID 19 dangerous is that it is highly communicable from human to human. An infected person can transmit the virus to a healthy person by just a normal touch of a hand. The virus SARS-CoV-2 is also capable of settling over a surface for three to four days and for three to four hours in the air.
Symptoms of COVID-19
Many symptoms of COVID 19 are similar to that of the normal flu, so much so, that in the initial stages it is impossible to tell whether a person is infected by COVID 19 or has normal flu. It takes a specific test conducted by trained medical professionals to determine the strain of COVID 19 in a person. The symptoms of COVID 19 are given below-
- Cough with throat pain
- Difficulty in swallowing food
- Upset stomach and loss of appetite
- Mild fever usually a little above 100°F
- Difficulty in breathing
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- Other symptoms like confusion and immobility might be prominent in later stages.
Who is At Most Risk?
Though COVID 19 affects the persons of all age groups, those with a clinical history of respiratory or cardiovascular diseases are at the highest risk. The study of the number of worldwide reported cases of COVID 19 draws a pattern related to other diseases. People having diabetes, blood pressure, asthma, tuberculosis or any other disease are more susceptible to fall prey to COVID 19. Also, their response to the treatment becomes considerably lowered in the wake of existing ailments.
Steps To Be Taken in Case Symptoms Develop
There are certain guidelines issued by the government of India in case if you suspect that someone might be having COVID 19. In that case, you can follow the following procedures.
- First of all, quarantine the person immediately from the rest of the family.
- Sanitize the premises as soon as possible.
- If the symptoms are newly developed, watch further development for 3-4 days.
- If the symptoms worsened, inform the relevant authorities immediately.
There is no treatment for COVID 19 for now. More than 180 countries have been affected by it in just a little over nine months. Though the world is researching for a potent COVID 19 vaccine, it doesn’t seem available anytime soon. Till then, the best way to prevent the spread of disease is to keep ourselves as much away from probable carriers by taking measures like social distancing and personal hygiene.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The word corona is derived from a Latin word that means crown.
Ans. The genome size of coronavirus is 26-32 kilobases.
Ans. The human coronavirus was first discovered in the world in 1960.
Ans. The lungs in the human body are most affected by Covid-19 disease.
Ans. The RT-PCR test (Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) is performed for detection of Covid-19 infection.
Ans. The first case of Covid-19 was reported on 30th January 2020 in Kerala.