Cricket is a game played with bat and ball over a rectangular piece of land. It is a simple game that requires exceptional sportsman skills and team spirit. It tests the endurance of players and brings out their best innovative playing techniques, which makes the game of cricket so popular today.
Short and Long Essay on Cricket
Essay 1 (250 Words) - Cricket and its Important Rules
Cricket is a popular sport played throughout the globe. It was invented in the late 16th century in England and since then has gained popularity with today over 2 billion fans spread across the globe. The game is played with very few types of equipment over a rectangular piece of land.
How is Cricket Played
The game of cricket is played with a ball and a bat. It is played between two teams having 11 players each. The teams take their turn to subsequently bat and ball. The team that chose to bat sends its two players (batsmen) to the field while the remaining waits for their turn, outside the field. The bowler of the opposite team bowls to hit the wicket, while the batsman hits the ball to score runs. The rest 10 players of the bowling team occupy the field. When the first inning gets over, the bowling team takes to batting and the batting team takes to field.
Some Important Rules
The rules of the game of cricket are specified in a code called the Laws of Cricket. There are 42 laws known to be drafted as early as 1744 and is presently maintained by the Marylebone Cricket Club in London.
In the center of the field, there should be a rectangular pitch measuring 22 yards from wicket to wicket.
Every over in cricket has six ball deliveries. After every over, the bowlers are rotated. Batsmen score runs until they are bowled and send off the field.
Cricket is an extremely popular game played throughout the globe. Played with simple equipment it has a definite set of rules yet the sheer talent of the players and fast-changing scenarios during the game’s progress have made it immensely popular.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - History of Cricket and Cricket Team
The game of cricket has become increasingly popular since its evolution centuries ago. The game is supposed to be originated in England during the 16th century and has since then spread to other parts of the world making it the second most popular sport after football.
History of Cricket
The earliest documented reference to the cricket was made during a legal case trial at Guildford, Surrey, England on 27th January 1598.
Contesting over a piece of land, John Derrick, who was a coroner by profession, testified that he used to play cricket on that piece of land with his mates, almost 50 years back. Obviously, he didn’t invent the game and it was probably being played before that time.
Amid all the uncertainty regarding the origin of cricket, one thing is certain that it was originated before 1550, probably played by the children in south-east England.
Initially, during the late 16th-century cricket was played by the children over a piece of land cleared by cattle grazing. In the coming century, it became popular and was now also played by adults.
The earliest known proper match was held at Circa, England in 1611. Evidence is also found to substantiate that in the next 11 years at least 30 matches were played between recognized teams.
With the invention of the newspaper industry, cricket gained more popularity during the 18th century. Gradually, the players started getting popular and became huge crowd pullers. Today, the popularity of cricket has reached its pinnacle with over 2.5 billion fans throughout the world.
Teams around the World
As of January 2020, there are 104 ICC members including 12 full members and 92 associate members.
All full member nations are qualified to play ODIs (One Day International) and the Twenty20. The 12 full member countries, in the increasing order of their year of membership, are – South Africa (1909), England (1909), Australia (1909), West Indies (1926), New Zealand (1926), India (1926), Pakistan (1952), Sri Lanka (1981), Zimbabwe (1992), Bangladesh (2000), Afghanistan (2017) and Ireland (2017).
Associate members, a group of 92 countries are eligible to play ICC World Cricket League. However, there are certain prerequisites for a country to qualify as an associate member. Firstly it must have at least 16 senior and 16 junior teams and secondly, it must have an access to at least 8 cricket grounds with 4 of them as permanent pitch.
Beginning as a ball and stick game played by the village children in England, some five centuries ago; cricket has progressed immensely in popularity. Though the rules and techniques of the game have evolved over years, the basic form of the game has stood the test of time and remains mostly unaltered.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - Cricket: A Globally Popular Sport
Cricket is a popular sport, and probably we all are very well familiar with its rules and regulations. Today, it has become so popular that it has grown to become a multi-billion dollar sport. The popularity of cricket is growing day by day and so is the revenue that it generates.
Various Formats of Cricket
Cricket is played mainly in three formats, namely test match, one day, and Twenty20. A brief description of these formats is provided below for you.
- Test Match Format
Test Match is probably the original form of the game, being played since 1877. It is played over a span of five days and has two innings. Each team gets a chance to bat and ball twice. A test match brings out the real talents of a team and its cricketers, as being played over longer periods; it tests their endurance, resilience, patience and sportsman spirit.
- One Day Format
The one day format of cricket is a one inning match with each team getting a single chance to bat and ball. One single inning lasts for 50 overs, with each over having six balls. The first One Day International (ODI) match was played on 5th January 1971 between Australia and England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. The most popular cricketing event ICC (International Cricket Council) World Cup is conducted every four years in a day format.
- Twenty20 Format
A cricket match in the Twenty20 format is played for 20 overs for each team. A match in twenty20 format usually takes three hours to conclude. The first cricket match in twenty20 format was played on 5th August 2004 between the women’s team of England and New Zealand. The first men’s international twenty20 match was played on 17th February 2005 between Australia and New Zealand. An ICC World Cup Twenty20 is held every four years.
Cricket – A Globally Popular Sport
Cricket is by far the second most popular sport around the world after football. The 2.5 billion fans of the cricket living in 180 countries, keep the passion kicking. ICC Cricket World Cup is the most popular cricketing event. Several private business houses also give a day’s leave to their employees to enjoy the finals of World Cup.
Speaking of cricket popularity and it would be inappropriate if I didn’t mention India. Cricket is so much popular in India that it has become a household name in the whole of the country. Cricketers in India are revered as legends and children idealize them. Cricket is played in every street and field of India, during the evening and weekends. Be you in any state of India, the chances of your coming across an ongoing cricket match in some street or ground are pretty much fair.
Cricket – A Rich Sport
As big is the popularity of cricket, so is the money involved. The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the governing body that conducts international matches such as the Cricket World Cup.
ICC generates billions of US dollars revenue through sponsorship and television rights. Star TV’s broadcasting rights for the ICC World Cup in 2019 had generated revenue of $143 million. The ICC paid $10 million to the winning England team.
The Indian Premier League (IPL) which is conducted in twenty20 format by the BCCI (Board of Control of Cricket in India) has a brand valuation of US $5.3 billion. The broadcasting rights of the IPL for year 2018 to 2022 were sold to Star India for US $2.55 billion.
Cricket is by far the second most popular sport after football with a global presence. It is a multibillion-dollar sports industry, which a main source of revenue through broadcasting rights and endorsements.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The game of cricket was originated from England.
Ans. The shape of a cricket bat during olden times was like a hockey stick.
Ans. The first Cricket World Cup was organized on 7th June 1975.
Ans. The International Cricket Council was established in 1909.
Ans. Shikhar Dhawan is regarded as Gabbar in cricket.
Ans. The Australian cricket team is referred to as Baggy Green as the cricketers wear baggy green caps in test cricket matches.
Ans. Garfield Sobers was the first player to hit 6 sixes in one over.