Cow is the most widely domesticated animal all over the world. It has tremendous economical significance. In Hindu majority countries, it is even revered and considered sacred. Their governments have also prohibited cow slaughter under law.
Short and Long Essay on Cow
Essay 1 (250 Words) - Cow Breeds in India
Someone who is part of the Indian society realizes the significance of cow. It is very common in Indian households to find milk and milk products. Many Indian families sell the milk and also keep a supply for their own consumption.
Indian Cow Breeds
There are presently over 30 cow breeds in India, out of which five are well regarded for their ability to produce milk. Indian cow breeds are known for their distinguished ability to produce milk are – Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Gir, Rathi, and Tharparkar.
Sahiwal originated in the parts of central Punjab and is today exported to other parts of the world. Sahiwal cows are very strong and give birth to stout bulls. The udder of the Sahiwal breed is also well developed.
Red Sindhi variety originated in Pakistan’s Sindh province and is today widely domesticated in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. They are known for their typical characteristics like tick resistance, resistance to disease and a distinct ability to reproduce in harsh climatic conditions.
Gir Cows are used to improve the other local breeds such as the Sahiwal and the Red Sindhi. Due to their resistance to disease and the ability to survive in relative higher temperatures, Gir cows are exported to other parts of the world.
The Rathi is an indigenous cattle breed of India, originated in the western state of Rajasthan. It is as better known for its milk as it is for its draught prowess.
There are several other varieties of cows in India, and all of them are useful in their own ways.
Essay 2 (400 Words) - Cows in Hindu Mythology in India
Cow is a highly useful animal that is widely domesticated mainly for milk. They have been an integral part of human civilization for thousands of years and are almost revered for their significance and usefulness.
Cows in India
Cows in India are considered sacred by the Hindus and are revered for their usefulness and resources they provide. Hindus believe cows are godly creatures and therefore, give them the status of a mother. Since a cow produces milk which is consumed widely throughout India. Many of the families depend directly on the milk and its byproducts for their livelihood. Cow is also mentioned as a sacred animal in several Hindu epics and scriptures. Any kind of harm or insult to the cow is prohibited in the Hindu religion.
At present there are many non-profit, non-government organizations in India, those tend and feed sick cows or the cows left by their owners due to expenditure and other issues.
Cows are an integral part of the Indian village’s economy. Many of the families in villages depend completely on milk and its products for their livelihood. Milk is widely consumed in India, not only in villages but also in urban settlements. Every Indian household has a daily minimum requirement of milk. They also rely heavily on milk by-products like curd, butter, cheese, etc. In India, several sweets are prepared using milk.
Believe it or not but cow dung cakes constitute a significant fuel resource in India. Cow dung in rural India isn’t wasted but is patted in a circular shape and left in the sun to dry up. Once it is completely dried up, it is used as fuel for cooking food and other purposes.
Cows in Hindu Mythology
Cows are considered sacred by the Hindus. While the rest of the world sees cows as just a productive animal, Hindus, revere it and often worship it during religious events. Cow has a reference in Vedas, the oldest Hindu epic. Cows have been an integral part of the Hindu society and have been closely associated with many Hindu Gods and Goddesses. Cows are herbivorous and enjoy a sacred status in Hindu society, so much so that even cow dung is used in many religious rituals.
Cows in India are considered extremely sacred and revered for their resources. It is difficult to imagine an Indian society without cows. They are an integral part of the socio-economic culture of India.
Essay 3 (600 Words) - Cow: Behaviour, Appearance and Uses
Cow is a domesticated animal of the family Bovidae, which includes other hollow horned animals like sheep, goat, etc. Cow is by far the most widely domesticated animal. It is domesticated for meat, milk and hide etc.
Behaviour and Appearance
Cow is a hoofed animal and has two distinct toes in each leg. It is a large quadrupedal mammal that is a mammal with four legs like the zebra, horse, deer, sheep, goat, etc.
Most of the species of cow have horns, while some may not have, depending on the region and genetic lineage. There is a lot of variance in cows’ appearance, throughout the globe. In some parts of the world, cows are relatively shorter while in others they are larger with long horns.
A cow is a very calm herbivore; it could be anything but aggressive. Mostly cow displays a little aggression only while protecting its young. Due to its peaceful and non-aggressive nature, cows are very easy to domesticate and are widely used as farm cattle, throughout the globe.
Uses of Cow
Cow is by far the most widely domesticated animal due to its usefulness. It is found as a domesticated animal in almost every human settlement, across the globe. Cows are widely domesticated in rural areas than in urban settlements.
The estimated global population of domesticated cows is over 40 million heads. India, China, and Brazil constitute nearly 30% of the global cow population.
Cows are domesticated for various purposes as listed below-
- For Dairy Products
This is one of the most significant reasons for such large scale domestication of a cow. Cows produce milk to feed their young. Milk is a very useful product for humans also. Many other products like butter, cheese, curd, etc. are produced from milk and are widely consumed. The estimated volume of the dairy market is expected to reach 231 metric tons by the year 2021. Liquid milk occupies around 54% share of the dairy market, while the rest is taken up by other dairy products like curd, cheese, butter, etc.
- For Meat
Nearly a million cows are slaughtered for meat every day. These are the animals that have served their productive years and are no longer useful. When the cows stop producing milk, due to old age or some other reasons, they are taken to a slaughterhouse for meat. However, trading cows for meat is prohibited in countries like India and Nepal, with a majority Hindu population. Hindus revere cows as a mother and any kind of harm to the animal are forbidden by the religion. Though, in the western world, killing cows for meat, once they become redundant, is quite common practice.
- For Hide
The leather industry today is a multi-million dollar industry and millions of cows are killed globally for their hide. The meat industry generates a good amount of its profit by skin sales. The United States is the largest producer of skin accounting for an annual supply of 1.1 million tons. Such animals live in a poor environment in leather factories and are also fed less, just enough to keep them alive for a few days. The skin is then used for producing leather, which in turn is used for making several consumer goods like shoes, belts, jackets, purse, etc.
Cow is a highly useful animal for humans. Cows, through milk and other by-products, sustain billions of families throughout the world. Cows have become so integral to the human settlement at some places that it runs the economy. Many rural families in India, China and Africa depend solely on milk and milk products for their daily needs.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The gestation period in cows is of nine months.
Ans. Madhya Pradesh state in India has the highest population of cows.
Ans. Holstein Friesian breed of cow is the highest milk producing breed in the world.
Ans. Yes, they have good memorizing power thus can recognize faces.