City Life vs. Village Life Essay

Life in a city and life in a village is in deep contrast with each other. They both have their pros and cons based on the availability of resources, the pace of life and social structure. Despite the differences, both cities and villages along with their residents are an integral part of Indian culture.

Short and Long Essay on City Life vs. Village Life in English

Find here some essays on the topic to compare city life and village life in short as well as in detail.

City Life vs. Village Life Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Due to industrialization the life of people is divided into city life and village life.

2) Village life is free from noise and pollution.

3) Facilities like hospitals, transportation, schools, etc are absent in villages.

4) Village peoples are mostly employed in agriculture.

5) Village life is more peaceful and prosperous than city life.

6) City life enjoys all the facilities at the door.

7) City life is more expensive than village life.

8) Big industries are giving employment to city people.

9) Amenities like theatres, parks, malls, etc are present only in cities.

10) City lives are benefitted from various government services.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – Pros and Cons of City Life vs. Village Life


If you are living in India, then you must be aware of both city life and village life, except the few who have never been to a village. The general perception of the people living in the cities is that life in a village is difficult and like punishment. Such views only arise out of ignorance and lack of information about the values that the villages hold.

City Life vs. Village Life

Life in a city has its own advantages so does life in a village. Though living in a city is more comfortable and convenient it is also expensive. Residing in a city cost you dearly in terms of maintenance, lifestyle and other needs. Most of such expenses are unnecessary and could well be waved off. This unnecessary expenditure is absent in villages.

The simple village life hardly requires anything more than a square meal two times a day. There is hardly any disposable income, and even if there is, it is spent wisely on many important things like marriages, houses, etc. Unlike the cities where people spend their precious savings on dining in hotels, buying clothes even without any function or festival, shopping precariously, etc.

Despite the convenience, life in a city is unnecessarily commercialized and influenced by external factors. Village life, on the other hand, is utterly simple to the core with no-nonsense attached. It has its own beauty – it gives real-life hands-on experience with life, labor, people, and relationships.


City life offers more comforts than the village but it’s also engulfed in many engagements that really don’t matter. In cities, people value things more than relationships. They judge each other and make relations based on mutual financial status and materialistic possessions. This self-centered attitude is absent in villages and villagers value humans and relationships moreover materials.

Quality of Life in a City and a Village – Essay 2 (400 Words)


Cities and villages both are areas where humans reside in colonies. However, both city life and village life differ on several parameters including education, health, employment, society, etc. Despite the differences, each life has its own value and significance. In the essay, we shall go through the quality of life both in cities as well as villages.

Life in a City

Most of us must be familiar with how is life in a city. Living in a city is more comfortable and convenient as compared to living in a village. A city offers better basic amenities and modes of a commute than a village. There is also an ample number of schools and colleges making cities a hub of education.

Also, the 24/7 availability of doctors and hospitals with trained staff, make the city life more safe and secure. Government bodies and public offices are more active in cities than they are in the villages. Police, municipality, PWD (Public Works Department) and other agencies work tirelessly for the general public, making the latter’s life more safe and comfortable. Life in a city also offers plenty of entertainment opportunities, both for the children and the elders.

Any city has big market places with cinema halls, restaurants, parks and what not. The mall culture is also thriving in Indian cities and there is hardly a city without malls. A city certainly offers a good quality of life with all the basic necessities and comforts.

Life in a Village

Village’s life is completely different from that of the city. It goes on at a really casual pace, without many events in the houses or in the village itself. Farming is the prime occupation of many, a normal village life entails, sowing the crops, taking care of the cattle and other similar jobs. The village life lacks the hustle-bustle of the cities and is lived in a very simple way.

However, life in a village has its own advantages. Villages have kept our religious and traditional values alive for ages. The festivals that we only superficially celebrate in the cities are celebrated in their real essence in the villages. Also, the village society is more closely linked together than in the cities, making life more socially secure than the cities.


Both city life and village life are in high contrast with each other. They have their own differences, advantages, and disadvantages. But, despite the differences, they are an integral part of human civilization.

Essay on City Life vs. Village Life

Difference Between City Life and Village Life – Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words)


Both cities and villages are places of human settlements; though, they differ hugely from each other in terms of quality of life and social structure. In the following essay, we will compare the life in a city with that in a village and discuss their respective advantages and disadvantages based on different aspects.

Difference Between City Life and Village Life

Life in a city or a village differs in several aspects like education, health facilities, basic amenities, social bonding, cultural values, etc. We will briefly go through the difference in city and village life on several parameters.

  • Education

The city presents good education opportunities than villages. A city has educational institutes from primary to graduation or post-graduation level. Villages, on the other hand, have few government-run primary schools. Though many villages in India today, have degree (graduation) colleges, still, they lack behind in terms of quality of education and post-education opportunities. Such is the situation that the villages’ youth are migrating to cities for education.

  • Health Facilities

This is one of the most significant fields on which the Indian villages lack behind the cities. Cities have a number of doctors, hospitals, dispensaries, pathologies, diagnostic centers, medical shops, etc. Some big cities with a sufficient population also have two to three government hospitals. Sadly, the situation isn’t the same in the villages. The government of India has mandated one Primary Health Center (PHC) with at least one doctor in every village, howsoever small.

But, the medical facilities available in a PHC have no comparison with that of any city hospital. Cities hospitals are more equipped to deal with emergencies with immediate facilities to conduct any kind of test if required. Many PHCs in villages also face staff crunch and lack of funds to upgrade their medical equipment. Often, they only do the job of providing basic first aid.

  • Employment Opportunities

The economy of an Indian village is primarily agriculture-based. The majority of the village population does farming for livelihood. They produce cereals, crops, fruits, vegetables, etc. and sell it out to the local market for profit. This is by and large the only source of income in a village. Other stable employment opportunities in a village are nil.

On the other hand, the city provides tremendous employment opportunities both for daily wage workers and professionals. The high dependency level of the agricultural industry on natural climatic conditions and the occurrence of rains have made it a risky business, thereby, causing high migration from villages to cities. The youth of villages is today abandoning farming and moving to the cities in search of more stable employment.

  • Social Bonding

The social life in a village is more closely knitted together. People personally know each other and take part in happiness and sorrow whenever required. This social bonding is something that is absent in city life. In cities’ dwelling, it is quite common for people to be neighbors for years without taking part in family functions or even normal conversation, to say the least.

This social absenteeism is in high contrast with the villages, where everyone, not only the neighbors, knows each other too well enough, on personal terms. Therefore, life in a city might be financially stable with all the basic amenities, but village life is a true example of human relationships and social values.


The life in both cities and villages has its own advantages and disadvantages based on different aspects. While a city life provides a better standard of living, a village life, on the other hand, is a perfect example of better social life and relationship values.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 How is life in villages?

Ans. Life in the village is peaceful and more comfortable.

Q.2 What makes village life difficult?

Ans. The lack of essential facilities and no carrier opportunities make village life difficult.

Q.3 What is the beauty of village life?

Ans. The natural scenes, friendly and helping people, and clean environment are the real beauty of village life.

Q.4 Why is life in cities easy?

Ans. Life in cities is easy because of good facilities like better transport, electricity, communication, education, and carrier facilities.

Q.5 Why city life is not good for health?

Ans. City life is unhealthy because of contaminated air, water and pollution.

Q.6 Which is the cleanest city in India?

Ans. Indore is the cleanest city in India.

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