Paragraph and Short Essay on Guru Nanak Jayanti

Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated by people all over the world. This is one of the most important festivals of Sikhs which is celebrated to mark the birth of Guru Nanak, the first guru of the ten Gurus of Sikhs.

Paragraph on Guru Nanak Jayanti

How Guru Nanak Jayanti is Commemorated (250 Words)


Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated each year by Sikhs all over the world in the memory of Guru Nanak. He is entitled as the Founder of Sikhism. This year in 2020 the 551st birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Saheb is to be celebrated on the 30th of November.

How Guru Nanak Jayanti is Commemorated

The festival Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated by people with great joy. The people belonging to the Sikh religion give utter importance to their Gurus. The festival falls on the full moon day as Nanak was born on Puranmashi. The celebration of this festival begins with the Prabhat Pheris done by people at Gurudwara. The hymns or the holy songs are recited by the people in the honour of Guru Nanak Dev.

There is also a provision of reading the sacred book “Guru Granth Sahib” for 48 hours in a continuous way. ‘Nagakirtan’ refers to the Procession organized one day before the occasion of Guru Nanak Jayanti. The Sikh flag called Nishan Sahib and Palkis are taken by the people heading the procession. People sing Hymns and perform martial arts using old traditional weapons. Gurudwaras are decorated with lighting and garlands. People also decorate their houses and streets. The government grants a public holiday on this occasion.

Guru Granth Sahib is full of important teachings and messages were given by Guru Nanak. He conveyed the message to mankind that God is one and is omniscient, omnipotent, and omnipresent. He emphasized on the existence and worshipping of one god and equality of mankind.


The festival is one of the most important festivals of Sikhs. It brings the feeling of unity among all the groups of society.

Short Essay on Guru Nanak Jayanti

Why Guru Nanak Jayanti is Celebrated (400 Words)


The festival of Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated every year on Kartik Purnima, the full moon day. This is one of the biggest festivals of Sikhs and is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy. The festival is observed in all states of India but mainly celebrated in states like Punjab and Haryana as the population of people is more belonging to the Sikh community.

The Motive of Celebrating Guru Nanak Jayanti

This festival is celebrated to mark the significance of the birth of Guru Nanak Dev. He is the first guru of Sikhs. He is also called the founder of Sikhism. He was laden with the values of spirituality. He gave several preaching’s and important teachings which make up the sacred book Guru Granth Sahib. Nanak was a person who spread the message of equality and love. He dedicated his life to the welfare of society. He travelled to a lot of places and successfully delivered his messages.

The spirituality and values made him different from all the people. The Sikh community believes and worships their Gurus as gods. The festival Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated to give honour and respect to the Guru Nanak Dev.

The Celebration of the Occasion

Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated by all the people belonging to the Sikh community all over the world. The people along with children are much excited about the festival. The celebration of the festival begins two days before the Guru Nanak Jayanti. The houses are decorated fully by the lightings and candles. Gurudwaras are beautifully decorated. The people start performing Prabhat Pheris in the morning, a few weeks before the festival. Hymns are sung and prayers are offered by the people in Gurudwaras. On this occasion, new clothes are worn by the people and they visit Gurudwaras. They also donate food clothes and money to the poor and needy people.

A 48-hour paath which is the reading of the holy book Guru Granth Sahib is carried out in the Gurudwaras. It is a non-stop process and is done continuously. Processions are also organized which is accompanied by the martial art activities performed and hymns sung by the group of people who are experts. The people heading these processions carry the Sikh Flag called Nishan Sahib and Palki. The ‘Langar’ is organized in the Gurudwaras. All the people belonging to any religion or caste can eat food in the Langar. The Food is also served by the common people as they are the followers of Guru Nanak Dev hence believe in serving humanity.


The festival inculcates in us the feeling of equality and love among all irrespective of caste or religion. The people of other religions too participate in the celebration of the festival.