Republic Day

Essay on Why Republic Day is Celebrated on 26 January

The date 26th January cherishes us with memories of celebrations of republic day in India. There is flag hoisting done at many places like schools and government and private offices. We hear melodious songs being played from morning itself. This fills us with an immense feeling of patriotism and love for our nation. We remember and pay homage to our great leaders for their greatest contribution in getting our nation free from British rule.

There are many more things you need to learn about the topic. Essays with details of the topic have been provided that might be of great help to school, college, and university students.

Republic Day Celebration - Short and Long Essay

26 January: The Day when India became a Republic Nation - Short Essay (300 Words)


Republic Day that is celebrated every year on 26th January has a major significance in the history of India. This day is celebrated by the people of the entire nation with great fervor and joy.

26 January - The Day when India became a Republic Nation

Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January in the nation because the constitution was adopted on this day after 3 years of India’s independence. India finally became independent from the rule of Britishers on 15th August 1947. The Britishers ruled the nation for more than 200 years.

India became independent but there was an urgent requirement of the formation of a government for the smooth functioning of the nation. On this day the people of the nation also remember and pay tribute to the great leaders and freedom fighters for their contribution to the freedom of the nation.

Impact of Pandemic Situation on Republic Day Celebration in 2021

India's 72nd Republic Day was celebrated on 26th January in the year 2021. The celebration was totally different from the previous republic day celebrations. It was because the celebration has taken place amidst the Covid-19 pandemic situation.

  • There was no foreign chief guest on republic day parade 2021.
  • The route of the parade was also shortened and thus the parade march had ended on India gate instead of Red Fort.
  • The number of guests watching the parade also decreased as only a few people were only allowed. The people watched the live telecast of the parade on television.
  • All the schools and colleges were closed so students celebrated republic day at their homes only.


Republic Day is a national festival and therefore is celebrated by the people of all religions in the nation. This festival arises the feeling of patriotism and love among the people of the nation.

Why Republic Day is Celebrated on 26 January - Long Essay (1100 Words)


The national festival of Republic Day fills us with patriotism. Republic day is celebrated on the 26th of January every year in India. It is a national festival and is celebrated by the people of every religion and caste. We enjoy the joy of getting totally independent and adapting our constitution on this date in the year 1950.

Commemoration of Republic Day 2021

The Republic day in the coming year will be celebrated on 26 January, Tuesday. India will be celebrating its 72nd republic day of India in 2021. Chandrikapersad Santokhi (president of Suriname) will be the chief guest of the republic day parade 2021. It was confirmed after the cancellation of the UK's Prime Minister Boris Johnson's trip due to the Covid crisis. The preparations of programmes are in progress along with necessary precautions against COVID-19.

The Reason behind Celebrating Republic Day on 26 January

Every festival that we celebrate or enjoy in our country has a reason or story behind its celebration. Do you know why 26th January is only observed as Republic day? It could be some other day too but there is a story behind celebrating our republic day on this date only. The event traces its roots from the demand of Poorna Swaraj by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1930 and the story begins from here.

  • Demand for Poorna Swaraj - India got independent from British rule on 15 August 1947, but the initiation was made 17 years before by our former Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. He asked for Poorna Swaraj in the session held in Lahore on 28th December 1930. This brought the feeling of getting full independence among the citizens of the nation. The demand for getting Poorna Swaraj by Pt. Nehru gradually became the demand of the people of the nation. For the first time, our national flag was hoisted before independence on the river banks on Ravi in Lahore on 26 January 1930. In this way, the foundation of republic day was set during 1930 and people started observing this day as Republic Day.
  • Formation of the Constitution - India got its independence on 15 August 1947 from the Britishers. This freedom was not enough as it did not grant the people any kind of rights or duties and freedom to do anything. Therefore there was a necessity for some laws by which the country must be governed and social evils eradicated. The constitution was formed by the regular hard work of the group of committees under the leadership of Dr. Rajendra Prasad and most important the Drafting committee under the leadership of Dr. B.R Ambedkar. It took 2 years 11 months and 18 days in making our constitution that is the world’s lengthiest hand-written constitution.
  • Adopting the Constitution - The constitution was formed and was ready on 26 November 1949 but was declared and adopted on 26 January 1950. This is because 26 January had been regarded as symbolic republic day from 26 January 1930 onwards. The first President Dr. Rajendra Prasad hoisted the national Flag and the guest of honor was Mr. Sukarno, the President of Indonesia.

The Need for Making India a Republic Nation

In 1947 India got free from British rule but people were devoid of any kind of freedom. The social evils like untouchability, discrimination on the basis of caste, sex, and religion continued. People did not have the right to enjoy their rights and speak for anything. There was the utmost need for some laws or constitution to provide the basic rights to citizens without discrimination. The development of people and the nation could be possible only when the nation is democratic, sovereign, secular, and republic. This led to the advent of the constitution that we have now. It was 26 January only when the constitution was adopted by India.

Celebration of Republic Day in India

Every year from 26 January 1950, we have been celebrating republic day in our country. The Government head of other countries is invited as a chief guest every year on this day. The celebration takes place in New Delhi on the Raj Path. The president of India hoists the National flag after the salute of 21 guns. He further salutes the national flag that is followed by singing the national anthem. Many programs and processions representing the rich amalgamation of varied cultures and traditions of India are presented on that day.

The defense ministry of India organizes a parade from Rashtrapati Bhavan to India gate in New Delhi. A tableau of the country’s military and weapon power is shown by the Indian armed forces to render tribute to the nation. There are bands from all the divisions of the armed forces and they take part in the programs and parades. The awards like Padma Vibhushan, Padma Shree, and Padma Bhusan, and Gallantry awards are distributed by the honorable President to the civilians. The martyrs are paid honor for their sacrifice for the nation. We enjoy the live telecast of the programs in New Delhi.

How do We Celebrate Republic Day in School?

January is the colder month of the year and it is the first event we celebrate in school after the ending of our winter vacations and the beginning of school. It is a gazetted holiday on this day but a short program is organized in the school on this day. The National Flag is hoisted by the chief guest of the day. We are advised to wear a white uniform on that day and pin-up the national flag badge. The celebration begins after the national anthem is sung. The chief guest distributes certificates and medals to the meritorious students. Sweets are distributed among the students after the end of the program.

The Significance of Celebrating 26 January as Republic Day in India

It was the day on which the constitution of India was adopted and came into effect. The country became a sovereign, secular, and republic nation on 26 January 1950. The people got fully independent on this day and the nation attained democracy. The constitution guarantees freedom and right to all citizens without any discrimination on any basis.


This day marks historic importance as the constitution of India has been declared on this day. People from different parts of India visit New Delhi to enjoy and become spectators of the event. The day is a proud moment for every Indian and people celebrate it with great enthusiasm and happiness.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Who is the father of the Republic India?

Ans. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar the chief architect of the Indian constitution is regarded as the Father of Modern India.

Q.2 Who hoists the flag on Republic Day?

Ans. The national flag is hoisted by the Honourable President of India.

Q.3 Why is Beating Retreat Ceremony organized?

Ans. It is organized at Vijay Chowk to mark the climax of the republic day celebrations.

Q.4 From which place republic day parade starts?

Ans. The republic day parade is commenced from Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Q.5 How much time was taken in writing the constitution of India?

Ans. It took 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days to write the Indian constitution.