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Essay on Why and How do Sikh Celebrate Guru Nanak's Birthday

Guru Nanak Jayanti popularly called Gurpurab is celebrated by Sikhs all over the world. The festival marks the birthday of Guru Nanak sahib, the first of the Ten Gurus of Sikhs. He spread the thought of love, brotherhood, and harmony among people. His teachings are of great value and the devotees practice the same in their life. People are most excited before the arrival of the festivity and perform different rituals of the festival. The people of the Sikh religion give a lot of importance to their Gurus. Guru Nanak Dev taught about worshipping a single god and spread humanity to all places he traveled.

Guru Nanak Jayanti Celebration - Long Essay

A detailed idea about the celebration and significance of this festival is presented in form of a long essay that will be of great help to class 9, 10, 11, and 12 students, graduates, and readers.

Why and How do Sikh Celebrate Guru Nanak Jayanti (1100 Words)


The Guru Nanak Jayanti is also called Guru Nanak Gurupurab. This is the most popular festival for Sikhs. This festival involves three days of celebration which is initiated by non-stop reading of the holy book Guru Granth Sahib.

An account on the Life of Guru Nanak Dev

Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism, was the first Guru of Sikhs. He was born on 15th of April 1469 to Mehta Kalu (Father) and Mata Tripta (Mother) at Rai Bhoi Ki Talwandi village in Lahore. At present, it is known as Nankana Sahib, Pakistan. Nanak had a sister named Bibi Nanaki.

Guru Nanak Dev was not interested in the materialistic world and facade. He loved reality. He spends his whole life in social welfare. He was against untouchability, discrimination superstitions, and unwanted rituals. He was interested in spirituality from a very young age. He had interest in divine studies. People considered that Nanak was enriched with divine grace. He was married to Sulakhni on the 24th of September, 1487. He had two sons later.

Commemoration of Guru Nanak Gurpurab

  • The people celebrate the birthday of Guru Nanak Sahib with great pomp, excitement, and joy.
  • They wear new clothes on this occasion and decorate the house and places of worship called Gurudwara with lights, candles, and garlands.
  • The beginning of the festival takes place by the paath which refers to the reading the holy book Guru Granth Sahib for 48 hours without stopping.
  • The Prabhat Pheris are performed by people in the morning time. People step towards the localities by singing verses and hymns.
  • The day before the Gurupurab, a procession called Nagar kirtan is taken out by the people. These processions are headed by the people carrying the flag of Sikhs and Palki. The procession is accompanied by the Sikh warriors showing their talents in martial arts, bhangra dance, and a group of people good at singing hymns. They sing in praise of Guru Nanak.
  • The celebration of Gurpurab begin in morning from 4am onwards and people visit Gurudwara’s, sing hymns in praise of Guru’s and offer prayers on the day of Guru Nanak Jayanti.
  • Langar is also organized in which people of different communities eat food together. This was first started by Guru Nanak to abolish the differences in society. In this, all classes of people sit and eat together which represents brotherhood and equality.

Why is Guru Nanak Jayanti Celebrated?

The Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated in the memory of Guru Nanak Dev. People belonging to the Sikh religion in different parts of the world celebrate his birthday in form of a festivity with full joy and happiness. The day is commemorated to remember and follow the important teaching of Guru Nanak and pay respect to their Guru. Guru Nanak Dev travelled to many places and taught people to live in peace and harmony.

Guru Nanak started the provision of arranging a langar kitchen for the people. This was an initiation to remove inequality and differences that existed in society. It was a great step to promote brotherhood and love among all the sections of society. This great celebration is an homage to such a person who dedicated his life to the welfare of people along with providing a valuable set of teaching.

Preaching’s and Teachings of Guru Nanak Dev

Guru Nanak Dev gave different important lessons to society. He tried a lot to abolish the differences like rich and poor or on basis of caste and religion. He was away from all kinds of show-offs and believed in humanity. The teaching of Guru Nanak Dev was focused on charity, love, harmony. Some are enlisted below:

  • There is only one God and he takes care of all of us. We should worship only one god.
  • God is omnipresent i.e. present in each and everything on this planet.
  • God is having no form and is not subject to birth and death. He has no enmity with anyone.
  • The people who pray are devotees of God and never fear anyone in their life.
  • We should earn our living by working honestly in the right way.
  • We should never do any wrong thing and do not hurt anyone in life. Anger, greed, ego should never come in us as they will lead to destruction.
  • Women and men are equal. Women are most respected as they give birth to the entire king's, saints, and great philosophers.
  • Charity is the most important. We should contribute some part of our earnings to others who are not capable to get the same and are needy.
  • There must be no discrimination basis of rich and poor, or caste.

Guru Nanak’s Message to the People

Guru Nanak Dev travelled to different areas of the world to spread his teachings and messages to the people. He started preaching and giving the message of peace, love, and unity to people by singing Hymns composed by him only. He set up his hermitage in Kartarpur near the Ravi river bank.

Duties of Sikhism

Vand Chakho (Sharing and helping the needy), Kirat Karo (Earn living without any fraud), and Naam Japna (Memorizing God at all time) was the foundation of his teaching and three duties of Sikhism.


Guru Nanak Saheb was most respected and was conferred as a saintly character by the Universal House of Justice. He was not only admired by the Sikh community but also by people of other religions too. This festival imbibes in us the values like treating everybody equally and love among each other.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

Q.1 When is Guru Nanak Jayanti celebrated?

Ans. Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated in the Kartik month on the full moon day.

Q.2 Is Guru Nanak God for Sikhism?

Ans. No, Sikhs believe in one God and do not worship Gurus, but memorize the teachings of their Gurus and respect them.

Q.3 Who gave the concept of Langar Kitchen?

Ans. Langar was initiated by Guru Nanak in 1500 CE. He is the founder of Sikhism and started langar for charity.

Q.4 What is Gurpurab?

Ans. Guru Nanak Jayanti is popularly known as Gurpurab.

Q.5 Which traditional sweet is made on Gurpurab?

Ans. A sweet delicacy is known as Kada Prasad (or Karah Parshad) made up of wheat flour, ghee, and sugar is prepared and distributed among all the devotees.

Q.6 What is Amritvela?

Ans. It is the timing before dawn i.e. 3 am to 6 am in the morning as the best time according to Sikhism for meditation and Kirtan.